상단 PDF Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors Analysis of Persistent Candidemia Patients

Anatomic and clinical risk factors for pulmonary embolism in patients with deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremity

Anatomic and clinical risk factors for pulmonary embolism in patients with deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremity

Results: We examined 114 patients (age; 62.7 ± 16.9 years, 41.7% men) with DVT with/without PE. The prevalence of concurrent DVT with PE was 52.6%. Blood tests showed no difference between the 2 groups. Of all the assessed patientscharacteristics, only infection was significantly and independently associated with PE (P = 0.04). The shortest length between CIA and SB was 6.7 ± 3.5 mm in group I and 11.3 ± 3.7 mm in group II (P < 0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that 7.6 mm was the cut-off value for the anatomic risk of PE.
더 보기

5 더 읽기

Prescription pattern of NSAIDs and the prevalence of NSAID-induced gastrointestinal risk factors of orthopaedic patients in clinical practice in Korea

Prescription pattern of NSAIDs and the prevalence of NSAID-induced gastrointestinal risk factors of orthopaedic patients in clinical practice in Korea

COX-2 selective inhibitor was prescribed in 56.2% of very high risk patients and 50.9% of high risk patients. Only 51% of patients at high or very high risk patients were receiving COX-2 selective inhibitors. Analysis of prescription pattern revealed that only 60% of patients with concomitant anticoagulant use, 54% of the patients aged over 65 yr, 52% of patients with concurrent aspirin use were prescribed COX-2 selective inhibitor to decrease the risk of developing GI complications. Its prescription rate was even lower in patients with the other GI risk factors. Comparing two age groups with each GI risk factor, its prescription rate was greater in older aged groups (≥ 65 yr) overall (Table 4).
더 보기

7 더 읽기

A retrospective analysis of risk factors of oromaxillofacial infection in patients presenting to a hospital emergency ward

A retrospective analysis of risk factors of oromaxillofacial infection in patients presenting to a hospital emergency ward

Results Five hundred ninety-eight patients with complete re- cords were included in the study. Eight patients with in- complete records were excluded. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients in the study are summarized in Table 1. The mean age of the study sub- jects was 47.13 ± 19.9 years. The age distribution of the study subjects is shown in Fig. 1. Of the 598 patients, 12.9% were diabetic, while 34.1% had other systemic ill- ness such as hypertension or renal disease. Odontogenic infection in our study originated from a pulpal focus in 493 (82.4%) patients; a further 60 odontogenic infections originated in the extraction socket and sites of dental surgery. In 45 patients (7.53%) the origin was non- odontogenic such as jaw fracture, cystic lesions, and osteomyelitis.
더 보기

8 더 읽기

The frequency of and risk factors for osteoporosis in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis

The frequency of and risk factors for osteoporosis in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of osteoporosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to analyze the risk factors in these patients using the KORean Observational study Network for Arthritis (KORONA) database. Methods: Among the RA patients in the KORONA who were recruited between July 2009 and December 2011, postmenopausal women with bone mineral density (BMD) results within one year from the time of KORONA enrollment were included in this study. The baseline characteristics of patients in three groups, defined by BMD results, were compared. The BMD measurement rates and prevalence of osteoporosis in the study patients were calculated in accordance with age and gender subgroups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association between osteoporosis and demographics and disease-related risk factors.
더 보기

7 더 읽기

Evaluation of the incidence and risk factors associated with persistent frequency in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome and the efficacy of antimuscarinic treatment

Evaluation of the incidence and risk factors associated with persistent frequency in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome and the efficacy of antimuscarinic treatment

This study made several findings useful in the treat­ ment of IC/BPS patients. First, about 54% of patients showed persistent frequency even though pelvic pain improved after conventional therapy. This is the first report on the incidence of persistent frequency. Second, patients with low VV, low Qmax, low MBC, and severe frequency in a 3­day voiding diary are likely to complain of persistent frequency after conventional treatment for IC/BPS. Moreover, baseline frequency was an independent predictive factor for persistent frequency after conventional IC/BPS treatment in multivariate analysis. These findings correlated with another urodynamic study showing that poor bladder function in IC/BPS patients indicated a higher grade of urothelial dysfunction and a less favorable treatment outcome [11]. These findings are important when we begin treatment for IC/BPS, as poor bladder function can be an important indicator of persistent frequency. Third, antimuscarinic treatment is not useful to treat persistent frequency, as there was no significant difference in the mean daily frequency before and after medication. There is an overlap of symptoms in IC/BPS and OAB. Therefore, IC/BPS patients were usually prescribed antimuscarinic agents, even though guideline for IC/BPS did not include antimuscarinic medication. Interestingly, animal experiments of IC show that antimuscarinic treatment is not effective for detrusor overactivity in a rat model [12]. Meanwhile, patients who had antimuscarinic treatment showed more severe
더 보기

6 더 읽기

Cumulative survival rate and associated risk factors of Implantium implants: A 10-year retrospective clinical study

Cumulative survival rate and associated risk factors of Implantium implants: A 10-year retrospective clinical study

PURPOSE. The objective of this study was to determine the cumulative survival rate (CSR) and associated risk factors of Implantium implants by retrospective clinical study. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Patients who received Implantium implants (Dentium Co., Seoul, Korea) at Korea University Guro Hospital from 2004 to 2011 were included. The period between the first surgery and the last hospital visit until December 2015 was set as the observation period for this study. Clinical and radiographic data were collected from patient records, including all complications observed during the follow-up period. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to examine CSR.
더 보기

5 더 읽기

Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children: Clinical characteristics and  risk factors of refractory pneumonia by age

Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children: Clinical characteristics and risk factors of refractory pneumonia by age

마이코플라스마에 의한 호흡기감염은 학령기 소아에 호발하며, 3세 이전에는 드문 것으로 알려져 있다. 4,5 하지만 최근 연구들에서 는 학령전기 소아에서의 마이코플라스마 폐렴 발병률이 증가하고 있음을 보여주고 있다. 소아 마이코플라스마 폐렴에 대하여 1979년 부터 2006년까지 국내 문헌을 검색하여 보고한 메타분석에서 감 염 나이는 3세 이하가 2,700명(25.8%), 4–6세까지가 4,014명(38.2%), 7세 이상이 3,796명(30%)이었고, 세 군의 비율이 1998년을 전후로 나누었을 때 1998년 이후로 어린 나이에서의 감염 빈도가 증가하 였다 . 6 국내에서 최근 3번의 대유행 기간 동안 발생한 마이코플라스 마 폐렴 환자를 대상으로 한 연구에서 환자의 평균 나이는 5.7세였 Table 4. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for predicting RMPP according to age
더 보기

8 더 읽기

Brain microbleeds, anticoagulation, and hemorrhage risk: Meta-analysis in stroke patients with AF

Brain microbleeds, anticoagulation, and hemorrhage risk: Meta-analysis in stroke patients with AF

A potential important limitation of this study-level data approach is confounding of these estimates by other baseline variables related to future stroke risk in AF, including age, history of stroke, concurrent aspirin use, timing of starting oral anticoagulation after the baseline acute stroke, patient adherence to anticoagulation, and time in range. In addition, data on stroke severity and functional status at baseline were not available, although patients were fit enough to undergo MRI, were discharged on oral anticoagu- lation, and were to be followed up clinically. Despite our best efforts to adjust for certain available con- founding factors in meta-regression analyses, this is unlikely to have accounted for the full range of inter- actions between different variables. Hence, the pres- ent analyses do not adequately account for potential confounding by vascular risk factors or other varia- bles. None of the included cohorts were specifically designed to answer the specific questions explored in the present analysis. Moreover, all cohorts used clinical data, introducing some bias, and data were not collected with same accuracy or did not include the full range of covariates as research data. However, all studies showed a consistent direction of association between CMBs and ICH risk. Further stratified anal- yses are needed to explore the risk of future stroke and CMBs in Asian vs non-Asian patients and according to anticoagulation strategy, e.g., warfarin vs NOACs.
더 보기

11 더 읽기

The significance of blood pressure variation and metabolic risk factors in patients with different stages of hypertension

The significance of blood pressure variation and metabolic risk factors in patients with different stages of hypertension

Statistics Statistical analyses were performed using com- mercially available computer software; SPSS 18.0 for windows (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Values are expressed as means ± standard deviations or as percentages (%). Parameter differences among the 4 groups were evaluated using one-way ANOVAs. For post hoc analysis of normally dis- tributed variables, Tukey's b tests were used. For post hoc analysis of non-normally distributed vari- ables, Bonferroni corrected Mann–Whitney U -tests were used. For comparison of categorical varia- bles, Chi-square tests or Fisher's exact tests were used, as appropriate. Multivariate logistic re- gression analyses related with MHT and SHT was performed after adjustment for clinical variables.
더 보기

12 더 읽기

Significant risk and associated factors of active tuberculosis infection in Korean patients with inflammatory bowel disease using anti-TNF agents

Significant risk and associated factors of active tuberculosis infection in Korean patients with inflammatory bowel disease using anti-TNF agents

either of these TNF antagonists from June 2003 to January 2014 were included in this study. Information regarding clinical and demographic characteristics such as sex, age of IBD diagnosis, disease duration, anti-TNF drug exposure period, location and behavior of CD, and extent of UC were obtained from medical records. For the risk factors for TB, diabetes mellitus (DM), previous TB infection, latent TB infection (LTBI), concomitant immunosuppressant at the start of anti- TNF therapy, and WBC count measured around the last follow-up day were recorded. When active TB infection developed after anti-TNF therapy, WBC counts at the time of TB diagnosis were counted. However, history regarding contact with active TB patients was not obtained. The study was approved by the ethics review committee of the Institutional Review Board of all of the hospitals participating in the study.
더 보기

10 더 읽기

Clinical outcomes and risk of recurrence among patients with vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia: a comprehensive analysis of 576 cases

Clinical outcomes and risk of recurrence among patients with vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia: a comprehensive analysis of 576 cases

In conclusion, VAIN is at high-risk of recurrence and progression, but the progression to vaginal cancer was limited to VAIN3/CIS cases (3.2%). The risk factors for recurrence and progression included treatment type and high-risk HPV positivity. Both laser ablation and excision therapy demonstrated relatively high regression rates compared to observation and topical management. However, laser ablation seemed to be better for multifocal lesions, whereas excision might be more suitable for high-grade unifocal lesions, especially when the occult stromal invasion is suspected. Whatever the treatment method is used, lifetime surveillance is recommended.
더 보기

10 더 읽기

Applying of Decision Tree Analysis to Risk Factors Associated with Pressure Ulcers in Long-Term Care Facilities

Applying of decision tree analysis to risk factors associated with pressure ulcers in long-term care facilities

tient’s risk. It may aid in better clinical decision-making than individual predictors obtained from a regression model [19]. Several studies have used the data mining approach to identify factors associated with disease prevention and man- agement. Some studies have identified factors associated with postoperative recovery [20], smoking cessation failure [21], or a low-risk population for type 2 diabetes [22] using a decision tree. Raju et al. [18] and Lee et al. [23] explored factors related to PUs using a hospital database. These stud- ies showed that the data mining approach used in a manner similar to decision tree analysis is a simple tool for predict- ing risk factors [22]. However, there is still a lack of studies that explore factors associated with PUs with a number of variables, including patient characteristics and administra- tive information.
더 보기

10 더 읽기

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 5,628 patients with

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 5,628 patients with

Purpose: There are limited data on the epidemiological and clinical characteristics and outcomes in Korean patients with labora- tory-confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics and out- comes of patients with COVID-19 using the Korean nationwide multicenter database. Methods: In this nationwide multicenter study, we included all confirmed patients of COVID-19 in South Korea from February 1 to April 30, 2020. Subjects were classified into 3 age groups: those at younger than 10 years (children), 10 to 20 years (adolescents), and 20 years or more (adults). Cases were confirmed by laboratory testing using real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reac- tion assay and analyzed for epidemiological and clinical features and outcomes. Patents were followed up until April 30, 2020.
더 보기

5 더 읽기

Gangrenous cholecystitis in male patients: A study of prevalence and predictive risk factors

Gangrenous cholecystitis in male patients: A study of prevalence and predictive risk factors

0.035) and added 3.8-fold probability to the evolution of GC and therefore, warrant consideration and evaluation via robust studies. 11,12,19,22,23 Leukocytosis was another significant risk factor for GC (p=0.003), and 95% of GC patients had a leukocyte count greater than 10,000/mm 3 . The study of the variable pro- vides favorable 1,18 and unfavorable 19,21,22 evidence. However, the differences in the definition of leukocytosis between the studies are the most important aspects. Thus, if leuko- cytosis is defined as a leukocyte count above 10,000/mm 3 , results may vary from studies involving definitions with counts above 13,000/mm 3 . These definitions require stand- ardization as well. 22
더 보기

7 더 읽기

clinical characteristics of sleep bruxism patients with idiopathic facial pain

clinical characteristics of sleep bruxism patients with idiopathic facial pain

Consistent with the study by List et al., 13 infiltration anesthesia reduced pain more than topical anesthe- sia, though the degree of response varied by patient. Pain derived from the pulp, i.e., from the tooth itself, requires anesthesia of the nerves of affected teeth, as such pain does not decrease with topical anesthe- sia alone. Continuous pain of the teeth or gums that is responsive to local anesthetics is often found to be neuropathic pain was often. In the current study, anesthesia was the most commonly used diagnostic method. These results indicate that diagnostic anes- thesia is an effective and relatively simple diagnostic method that can be performed at the chair-side and satisfactory for differential diagnosis of IFP.
더 보기

7 더 읽기

Clinical analysis of risk factors in refractory mycoplasma pneumonia in  children

Clinical analysis of risk factors in refractory mycoplasma pneumonia in children

로 확인되었다(OR, 8.83; 95% CI, 1.38–56.62) (Table 2). 고 찰 M. pneumoniae에 의한 폐렴은 자연적으로 호전이 되지만 치료 에 반응하지 않는 불응성의 경우는 급성호흡곤란증후군, 괴사성 폐렴 , 전격성폐렴 등의 생명을 위협하는 질환으로 발전될 수 있다. 7 최근 심한 증상을 일으키는 치료 불응성 마이코플라즈마 폐렴의 예가 세계적으로 보고되고 있으며, 7,8,13 아직 기전에 대해서는 명확 하게 밝혀진 바 없으나 일부 연구자들은 마크로라이드계 항생제에 내성을 보이는 M. pneumoniae의 증가와 연관이 있을 것으로 생각 하고 있다. 7 그러나 이러한 가설은 마크로라이드 항생제에 내성을 Table 2. Analysis of risk factors on refractory mycoplasma pneumonia patients
더 보기

6 더 읽기

Risk factors for the clinical course of cholecystitisin patients who undergo cholecystectomy

Risk factors for the clinical course of cholecystitisin patients who undergo cholecystectomy

Copyright Ⓒ 2011 by The Korean Association of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery Korean Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery ∙ pISSN: 1738-6349 INTRODUCTION Acute cholecystitis is one common cause of acute abdomen. It is associated with moderate to high severity due to its clinical potential to develop pyogenic chol- ecystitis, which may result in gallbladder necrosis, perfo- ration, abscess or even peritonitis. In the elderly, the se- verity of acute cholecystitis increases immensely; thus, it is crucial to determine proper treatment times and methods. Despite its clinical significance, however, we still lack knowledge of predisposing factors and co-mor- bidities that may influence disease development and progression. Commonly known risk factors have been found mostly in epidemiologic studies, the reliability of which has often been questioned because different results were shown in different studies.
더 보기

7 더 읽기

Prospective study analyzing risk factors and characteristics of healthcare-associated infections in a Urology ward

Prospective study analyzing risk factors and characteristics of healthcare-associated infections in a Urology ward

demonstrated a reduction in the incidence of SSI from 32% to 18% with the standardization in suturing, drain removal and surgical dressing management. Finally, it should be pointed out that there is a higher incidence of infections after renal surgery in comparison with transurethral surgery. Although a laparoscopy approach is frequently performed, open surgery is required in some cases. HAIs after renal surgery are more frequently after an open approach. Currently, open approach is indicated in patients with a complex surgery, and it is associated with risk factors for HAIs such as higher amount of bleeding, longer operating time, longer hospitalization and in some cases, a contaminated surgical filed [22]. Moreover, although urinary catheter is removed earlier after renal surgery than in transurethral surgery, drainage is usually used. Therefore, it is necessary to remove all drainages as soon as possible, and the management of the wound must be optimized.
더 보기

9 더 읽기

Mutational analysis of KRAS and its clinical implications in cervical cancer patients

Mutational analysis of KRAS and its clinical implications in cervical cancer patients

In accordance with the result of most studies, we confirmed that the 3-year RFS in patients with KRAS mutations was significantly lower than that in patients without KRAS mutations in our large patient cohort [18,21,24]. Wegman et al. [24] found that among patients treated with definitive chemoradiation, those harboring mutant KRAS had significantly worse recurrence-free survival than those with wild-type KRAS (p=0.030). Our cohort of patients underwent surgery-based multimodal treatment, and disease recurrence outside of the pelvis was the primary recurrence pattern. Wegman et al. [24] reported that there was a significant association between KRAS mutation and distant metastases but not local recurrence, which is consistent with our previous findings. In clinic, the finding of the association between KRAS mutation and worse 3-year RFS suggests that detection of KRAS mutation could be used as a prognostic marker. Close follow-up is needed in those patients with KRAS mutation for early detection of recurrence. In addition to conventional adjuvant therapy, such as concurrent chemoradiation and systemic chemotherapy, further management might be considered in patients with KRAS mutation to prevent from recurrence. Novel therapy is needed to be identified including KRAS-targeted therapy.
더 보기

11 더 읽기

A comparative analysis of patients with mesiodenses: a clinical and radiological study

A comparative analysis of patients with mesiodenses: a clinical and radiological study

II. Materials and Methods This research was conducted on patients who underwent mesiodens extraction at Chosun University Dental Hospital between January 2009 and September 2013. All patients were examined clinically and radiologically and were assessed in terms of gender, age, main reason for the visit to the hospital, effects on permanent incisors, shape of the supernumerary tooth, and presence of dentigerous cysts. In all patients, me- siodenses were extracted surgically. A comparative analysis was carried out between these data and the results of research published in 2003 4 .
더 보기

4 더 읽기

Show all 10000 documents...