Ԩ߹ฎଭ Ⳕ⧪ᱶᇡ  ෘ୨ऀଭ֜ন  ׆ۇ  ౑ࠤ  ֝ࡿฎଭ  Ԩ߹ଭథହ ⳕ᯦ჶǭŝ⧪ᱶǭᔍᯕ᮹šĥ ଭଵࢱୡฆܛ  ଺࣑֫րෘ୨֫ॷଲଭե୪

19  Download (0)

Full text

(1)

֗

<✚ḲⳖ>

(ᱶᔢ⫭᮹᮹}↽ෝ☖⦹ᩍ⦽ǎᨱݡ⦽ᖁḥǎŝ

ᝁ⯆ǎe᮹aƱᩎ⧁ᯕʑݡࡹŁᯩ᜖ܩ݅ᯕᨱᖙĥ ᮹ɡಽჭ⪵ಽᯙ⦹ᩍᵲ᫵ᖒᯕᇡbࡹŁᯩ۵ǎaॅ

ᨱ ݡ⦽ ʑⅩჶᱢ ᱶᅕෝ ᱽŖ⦹Łᯱ ᅙ ✚Ḳᮥ ⠙ᖒ

⦹ᩡ᜖ܩ݅

༉ಽ⎵᮹⧪ᱶℕĥ

ଲ஺ଗ ෉࣑֝୪઴֜଀

Ⳓᕽು

 ࡦߦಸଭ୨౿୪ܑԹւ

 ࡦߦಸෝ࣑ଭ୪୨րԹ୨

ⳓǎ᪶

 ֝૝ଭ֫෉

 ૝଍ծ਎

 Ԩ߹ฎଭ

Ⳕ⧪ᱶᇡ

 ෘ୨ऀଭ֜ন

 ׆ۇ

 ౑ࠤ

 ֝ࡿฎଭ

 Ԩ߹ଭథହ

ⳕ᯦ჶǭŝ⧪ᱶǭᔍᯕ᮹šĥ

 ଺࣑ऀ૕ෘ୨ऀଭଵࢱୡฆܛ

 ଺࣑֫րෘ୨֫ॷଲଭե୪૕ֹ෴

Ⳗḡႊᱶᇡ

 ࡦߦಸଭ஺ࢺෘ୨୺஻Թւ

 ࡦߦಸଭ஺ࢺୀ౿఼ۚ

 ஺ࢺୀ౿఼ۚଭ૶ઽ

 ׆ొୀ౿఼ۚ

 ؁࢔ $PNNVOFT

ⳗđು

(2)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

Ⳓᕽು

ࡦߦಸଭ୨౿୪ܑԹւ

༉ಽ⎵(The Kingdom of Morocco)۵ ᖙĥᨱᕽ aᰆ ᪅௽ ᪶ǎ ᵲ᮹ ⦹ӹಽᕽ,

֥ᨱ ↽Ⅹ᮹ ☖ᯝ᪶᳑a ᙹพࡽ ⬥ ᙹ₉ಡ ᪶᳑a ၵѭ໕ᕽ ᪶ǎℕᱽෝ ᮁḡ

⧕ ᪅Ł ᯩᮝ໑, ֥ᇡ░ Alaouite ᪶᳑a ⩥ ༉⦹ີऽ ᖙ(Mohamed Ⳗ) ǎ

᪶(֥ ᬵ ᯝ ᷪ᭥)ʭḡ ᵲ݉ ᨧᯕ ĥᗮ ᯕᨕᲙ ᪅Ł ᯩ݅.

༉ಽ⎵۵ ᯦⨭Ǒᵝǎᮥ ⢽ႊ⦹Ł ᯩ݅.) ༉ಽ⎵᮹ ⨭ჶᮡ ֥ ᱽᱶࡹᨕ

֥, ֥, ֥, ֥, ֥ }ᱶࡹᨩ݅. ᯕ్⦽ ᩍ్ ჩ᮹ }⨭ᮥ

☖⧕ ᱽ⦽ᱢᯙ ჵ᭥ᨱᕽ ݡ᮹ ᱶ⊹ෝ ၽᱥ᜽┕ᮝಽ៉ ᱱḥᱢᯙ ၝᵝ⪵ෝ ⇵ḥ

⧕ ӹaŁ ᯩ݅. ༉ಽ⎵᮹ ⨭ჶᮡ ↽ɝ ݅᜽ }ᱶࡹᨩ۵ߑ, ᵲ࠺ŝ ᦥ⥥ญ⋕ ḡᩎ ᮹ ၝᵝ⪵ ᬕ࠺᮹ ᩢ⨆ᮝಽ ༉ಽ⎵ ǎၝॅᯕ ᱶ⊹}⩢ᮥ ᫵Ǎ⦹í ࡽ äᯕ ᯕ్

⦽ ⨭ჶ }ᱶᨱ ᩢ⨆ᮥ ၙⅅ݅. ǎၝॅ᮹ ᱶ⊹}⩢ ᫵Ǎෝ ၼᦥॅᩍ ༉⦹ີऽ  ᖙ ǎ᪶ᮡ ǎ᪶᮹ ǭಆᮥ ᮹⫭᪡ ⅾญᨱí ᇥᔑ⦹۵ ԕᬊ᮹ ⨭ჶ}ᱶᦩᮥ ᱽᦩ

⦹ᩡ݅. əญŁ ᯕ్⦽ ԕᬊ᮹ }ᱶᦩᮡ ֥ ᬵ ᯝ ǎၝ⚍⢽ෝ ☖⦹ᩍ ađ

ࡹᨩ݅.)

༉ಽ⎵ ⨭ჶ ᳑۵ ༉ಽ⎵۵ ᯦⨭・ၝᵝ・᮹⫭・ᔍ⫭ Ǒᵝᱽᯥᮥ ᖁᨙ⦹Ł,)

“᯦⨭Ǒᵝᱽ۵ ǭಆ᮹ ᇥญ᪡ čᱽ, ᳑⪵᪡ ǎၝॅ᮹ ₙᩍ, ᖁᱶ(㈄㗑, good gov- ernance)᮹ ᬱ⊺ŝ ǎaᙹ᯦ŝ ḡ⇽᮹ Ɂ⩶ᨱ ᮹⧕ ᬕᩢࡽ݅. ǎa۵ ⧎Ǎᱢᯙ ᩑ

ႊŝ ᪉Õ⦽ ᯕᜍ௭ ᳦Ʊ᪡ ݅᧲⦽ ᖙಆ᮹ ǎaᱢᯙ ᳑⪵᪡ ᯦⨭᪶ᱶ, ၝᵝᱢ ᖁ

┾ᨱ ʑⅩ⦽݅. ǎa᮹ ᩢ☁᳑Ḣᮡ ḡႊᇥǭᮥ ʑⅩಽ ⦽݅”Ł Ƚᱶ⦹Ł ᯩ݅.

ࡦߦಸෝ࣑ଭ୪୨րԹ୨

༉ಽ⎵۵ ⥥௲ᜅ ᅕ⪙ಚ-ᜅ⟹ᯙ ᅕ⪙ಚᮝಽ ᇥ⧁☖⊹ෝ ၼ۵ ᔢ⫊ᨱᕽ 

USBOTMBUFEJO

IBWFBEFNPDSBUJD TPDJBMBOEDPOTUJUVUJPOBM.POBSDIZ

 }⨭ᦩᮡ֥ᬵᯝǎၝ⚍⢽ෝ☖⧕⪶ᱶࡹᨩᮝ໑ ᔩ⨭ჶᨱ঑௝ⅾᖁᨱᕽ᜚ญ⦽ᱶݚᨱᕽⅾ ญෝᖁ⇽⦹íࡽ݅༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶ}ᱶⅩᦩᮡ5IF$POTUJUVUJPOPG.PSPDDPPG USBOTMBUFEJO+FGSJ+

3VDIUJ %SBGU5FYUPGUIF$POTUJUVUJPOBEPQUFEBUUIF3FGFSFOEVNPG+VMZ .PE-FHBM4ZT

$ZDMPQFEJB ᯕ⦹‘֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶ’ᯕ௝⦽݅ᮥₙ᳑⦹ᩡ݅

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑.PSPDDPJTDPOTUJUVUJPOBM EFNPDSBUJD QBSMJBNFOUBSZBOETPDJBM.POBSDIZ

(3)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

֥ ᬵ ⥥௲ᜅಽᇡ░ ࠦพ⦹ᩡŁ, ֥ ᬵ ᜅ⟹ᯙᯕ ᅕ⪙ಚᨱ ݡ⦽ ḡ႑ǭᮥ

⡍ʑ⧉ᮝಽ៉ ࠦพᮥ ᰢ≉⦹ᩡ݅. ༉⦹ີऽ ᖙ۵ ⇵ႊᨱᕽ ࠭ᦥ᪅ᯱษᯱ ᯦⨭

ᱶᇡಽ ༉ಽ⎵ෝ ᰍÕ⧁ äᮥ ᖁᨙ⦹ᩡŁ, ֥ ᬵ ᯝ ᨙು᮹ ᯱᮁ᪡ Ḳ

⫭đᔍ᮹ ᯱᮁෝ Ƚᱶ⦽ ‘Ŗᱢᯱᮁᨱ š⦽ ჶ’ᯕ௝Ł ᦭ಅḥ ⊺ಚ(dahir)ᮥ ၽ⢽

⦹ᩡ݅.

༉⦹ີऽ ᖙ۵ ᪶᮹ ᰍaෝ ၼʑ ᭥⧕ ᱽ⇽ࢁ ⨭ჶⅩᦩᮥ อॅ ໦᮹ ᭥ᬱॅ

ಽ Ǎᖒࡽ ᭥ᬱ⫭ෝ ᳑Ḣ⦹ᩡᮝӹ ⨭ჶᯕ อॅᨕḡʑ ᱥᨱ ᚉᮥ ÑࢱᨩŁ, ə᮹ ᦥॅᯙ ⦹ᔑ ᖙa ֥ ᬵ ᯝ ᪶᭥ෝ ĥ᜚⦹ᩡ݅. ⦹ḡอ ⨭ჶᱽᱶ᭥ᬱ⫭

۵ ǎԕ ᱶ⊹ ᔢ⫊ᨱ ᮹⧕ ᱽ ᩎ⧁ᮥ ⦹ḡ ༜⦹ᩡŁ, ǎ᪶ŝ ə᮹ ⊂ɝ ᝁഭॅᯕ

⨭ჶⅩᦩᮥ อॅᨩ݅. ⨭ჶᮡ ֥ ᬵ ᯝ ǎၝ⚍⢽ᨱ ᇡℱᲭŁ, ֥ 

ᬵ ᯝ ᦶࠥᱢᯙ ḡḡಽ ₥┾ࡹᨩᮝ໑, ֥ ᬵ ᯝ Ŗ⡍ࡹᨩ݅.

֥ ⨭ჶ᮹ ᱽᱶᨱࠥ ᇩǍ⦹Ł ᱶ⊹ᱢ ⪝௡ᮡ ᩍᱥ⦹ᩡᮝ໑, ᯕ ভྙᨱ ᱽ

⨭ ǎ⫭۵ ֥ ࠺ᦩ ᪅Ḣ }᮹ ჶශอᮥ ☖ŝ᜽⎑ᮥ ᐱ ᱽ ᩎ⧁ᮥ ⦹ḡ ༜⦹ᩡ

݅. ⦹ᔑ ᖙ۵ ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ ɝÑ⦹ᩍ ǎaʕɪᔍ┽ෝ ᖁ⡍⧩Ł, ԕbᮥ ⧕ᔑ

᜽⎑ᮝ໑, ᪶ŝ ⧉̹ ༉ु ⧪ᱶǭᮥ aḥ ᔩಽᬕ ᱶᇡෝ ֥ ᬵ ᯝ Ǎᖒ⦹ᩡ

݅. ᯕ ᱶᇡ۵ ֥e Ḳǭ⦹ᩡ݅.

֥ ⨭ჶᮡ ֥ ᬵ ᯝ ǎၝ⚍⢽ᨱ ᮹⧕ ₥┾ࡹᨩ݅. ᯕ ⨭ჶᮡ ᪶ᨱ í ޵ v⦽ ǭ⦽ᮥ ᵝᨩᮝ໑, ᱶᇡ᪡ ᮹⫭a ޵ᬒ ᱶᇡᨱ ᮹᳕⦹íҵ อॅᨩ݅.

֥ ⨭ჶᮡ ǎၝ⚍⢽ᨱ ᮹⧕ ᦶࠥᱢᮝಽ ₥┾ࡹᨩᮝ໑, ֥ ᬵ ᯝ Ŗ

⡍ࡹᨩ݅. ᯕ ⨭ჶᮡ ᯕᱥ ⨭ჶᨱ እ⧕ ᱶᇡᨱ ᯝၹᱢᯙ ⧪ᱶǭᮥ ᇡᩍ⦹ᩡŁ, ᮹

⫭᮹ ݡ⢽ᖒᮥ v⪵⦹໑, ᮹⫭ᨱ ޵ v⦽ ǭ⦽ᮥ ᇡᩍ⦹ᩡ݅.

༉ಽ⎵᮹ ⨭ჶᮡ ֥ᨱ ݅᜽ }ᱶࡹᨩ۵ߑ, ᯕ ⨭ჶᮡ aḡ ᩢᩎᨱᕽ ᄡ⪵

ෝ aᲙ᪵݅. ℌṙ۵ ⦹ᬱ᮹ᬱॅ᮹ ᯥʑෝ ֥ᨱᕽ ֥ᮝಽ ᩑᰆ⧩Ł, ࢹṙ۵ ᪶

᭥ෝ ĥ᜚⧁ ᙹ ᯩ۵ ᖒ֥᮹ ᩑಚᮥ ᖙᨱᕽ ᖙಽ ԏ∥ᮝ໑, ᖎᱶ᭥ᬱ⫭᮹ Ǎ ᖒᯕ ၵѭᨩ݅.

֥ ⨭ჶ⦹ᨱᕽ ᮹⫭۵ ᔢ⦹ ᧲ᬱᮝಽ Ǎᖒࡹ۵ äᮝಽ Ƚᱶ⦹Ł ᯩᨩᮝ ӹ, ֥ ⨭ჶᨱ ᮹⧕ ݉ᬱᱽ ǎ⫭ෝ Ǎᖒ⦹۵ äᮝಽ ၵѭᨩ݅a, ֥ ᬵ

᮹ ⨭ჶ }ᱶᨱ ᮹⧕ ݅᜽ ᔢᬱ(Chambre des Conseillers) ၰ ⦹ᬱ(Chambre des Representants)ᮝಽ Ǎᖒࡽ ᧲ᬱᱽෝ ≉⦹í ࡹᨩ݅.

֥ ⨭ჶᨱ ঑෕໕ ༉ಽ⎵ᨱᕽ۵ ǎ᪶ᯕ ⅾญ ᯥ໦ǭŝ ⅾญ᮹ ᱽℎᨱ ᮹

⦽ bഭ ᯥ໦ǭᮥ ⧪ᔍ⦹Ł,) bഭ⫭᮹᮹ ᵝᰍ, ჶශ᮹ Ŗ⡍, ᮹⫭ ⧕ᔑǭᮥ aḡ

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(4)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

໑,) Ǒ ↽Ł ☖ᙹǭᯱᯙ ࠺᜽ᨱ Ǒ・ၝe šญᯥ໦, ᳑᧞እᵡǭ, ᔍ໕ǭ ၰ እᔢ ᔍ┽ ᖁ⡍ǭᮥ aḡ۵) ॒ ǎ᪶ᯕ ⧪ᱶ・ᔍჶ・᯦ჶ ॒ ǭᨱᕽ Ñ᮹ ᱩݡᱢᯙ ǭಆᮥ ⧪ᔍ⦹Ł ᯩᨩ݅. ə్ӹ ֥ ᬵᨱ ᯕ൉ᨕḥ }⨭ᮝಽ ᳦௹ ǎ᪶ᯕ (ᯝႊᱢᮝಽ) ᯥ໦⦹޹ ⅾญෝ ǎ᪶ᯕ ⦹ᬱ᮹ᬱ ᖁÑ đŝෝ Łಅ⦹ᩍ ↽ݡ ݅ᙹ ݚ᮹ ݚᙹෝ ⅾญಽ ᯥ໦⦹Ł, ǎ᪶ᯕ ⅾญ᮹ ᱽℎᮝಽ ᱶᇡbഭॅᮥ ᯥ໦⦹۵ äᮝಽ ၵѭᨩ݅.) ᯕ᪡ zᯕ ֥ }ᱶ⨭ჶᨱᕽ ᵝ᫵⦽ }ᱶԕᬊ ᵲ ⦹ӹ۵ ‘

᯦ჶᇡ᪡ ⧪ᱶᇡ᮹ ǭ⦽ v⪵’௝Ł ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.

ᯕ⦹ᨱᕽ۵ ֥ ༉ಽ⎵ (}ᱶ)⨭ჶᮥ ᵲᝍᮝಽ ǎ᪶, ⧪ᱶᇡ, ᯦ჶŝ ⧪ᱶ ŝ᮹ šĥ, ḡႊᱶᇡ᮹ ᙽᮝಽ ༉ಽ⎵᮹ ⧪ᱶℕĥෝ }š⦹Ł đುᮥ ԕญࠥಾ

⦹ā݅.

ⳓǎ᪶

֝૝ଭ֫෉

ଵࢱୡ଴֫෉

ǎ᪶ᮡ ᳦Ʊ↽Łḡࠥᯱ(Amir Al-Mouminine)ಽᕽ ᯕᜍ௭ᮥ ᳕ᵲ⦹ᩍ᧝ ⦽݅.

ə۵ ၠᮭ᮹ ᯱᮁෝ ᅕᰆ⦽݅.) ǎa᮹ ᬱᙹᯕŁ, ǎa᮹ ↽Ł ݡ⢽ᯱᯕ໑, ǎa

☖ᯝ᮹ ᔢḶᯕŁ, ǎa᮹ ⧎Ǎᖒŝ ĥᗮᖒ᮹ ᅕᰆᯱᯕ໑, ǎaʑšॅ᮹ ↽Ł ᳑ ᱶᯱᯕ݅. ǎ᪶ᮡ ⨭ჶᮥ ᳕ᵲ⦹Ł, ⨭ჶʑš᮹ ʑ܆ᮥ šᰆ⦹Ł, ၝᵝᱢ ᖁ┾ŝ ᯙၝ, Ŗ࠺ℕ᮹ ǭญ᪡ ᯱᮁෝ ᅕ⪙⦹໑, ᪶ǎ᮹ ǎᱽᱢ ⨭ᝁᮥ ᳕ᵲ⦽݅.)

ǎ᪶ᮡ ǎa᮹ ࠦพŝ ᩢ☁ᱢ ☖⧊᮹ ᔢḶᯕ݅. ǎ᪶ᮡ ᯕ్⦽ ᯥྕॅᮥ ⨭ჶ ᨱ ᮹⧕ ໦႒⯩ ǭ⦽ᯕ ᇡᩍࡽ ⊺ಚ(dahir or royal decree)ᨱ ᮹⧕ ᙹ⧪⧕ ӹe݅.

⊺ಚᮡ ༉ಽ⎵ ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑, ᱽ᳑, ᱽ᳑, ᱽ᳑, ᱽ᳑, ᱽ᳑, ᱽ᳑᪡

ᱽ᳑ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ äᮥ ᱽ᫙⦹Ł۵ ⅾญᨱ ᮹⧕ ᇡᕽࡽ݅.)

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑ ᱽ᳑ ᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑ ᱽ᳑ ᱽ᳑ ᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(5)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

ੱ⦽ ǎ᪶ᮡ ᝁᖒᇩa⋉᮹ ǭ᭥ෝ aḡŁ, ษদ⯩ ᳕Ğၼᦥ᧝ ⦹۵ ᳕ᰍᯕ݅.)

౑ࠤହࡣ֫րԨ߹ହࡣ֫

ǎ᪶ᮡ ⦹ᬱ᮹ᬱ ᖁÑ᮹ đŝॅᮥ Łಅ⦹ᩍ ↽ݡ ݅ᙹݚ᮹ ݚᙹෝ ⅾญಽ ᯥ໦

⦽݅.) ǎ᪶ᮡ ⅾญ᮹ ᱽℎᮝಽ ᱶᇡbഭॅᮥ ᯥ໦⦽݅.) ǎ᪶ᮡ ⅾญ᪡᮹ ᔢ᮹

⬥ᨱ, ᱶᇡ bഭ ᵲ ⦽ ໦ ⪚ᮡ ᅖᙹ᮹ bഭॅ᮹ ʑ܆ᮥ ᳦ഭ᜽┍ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ⅾญ ᮹ ᔍᯥᨱ ঑௝ ǎ᪶ᮡ ༉ु ԕb᮹ ʑ܆ᮥ ᳦ഭ᜽┍ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ʑ܆ᯕ ᳦ഭࡽ ᱶ ᇡ۵ ᔩಽᬕ ᱶᇡa Ǎᖒࢁ ভʭḡ ⩥ᦩ ᔍྕෝ ⃹ญ⦽݅.)

࣑ࠔੲଭվඑ֫෉

ǎ᪶ᮡ ჶශᯕ ᱶᇡಽ ᘂݍࡽ ⬥ ᯝ ᯕԕᨱ ᯕෝ Ŗ⡍⦽݅.) ǎ᪶ᯕ Ŗ⡍⦽

ჶශᮡ ⊺ಚᨱ ᮹⧕ Ŗ⡍ࡽ ԁಽᇡ░ ʑᔑ⦹ᩍ }ᬵᯕ չḡ ᦫ۵ ʑe ԕᨱ ᪶ ǎ᮹ šᅕᨱ ᝅಅ ⇽❱ࡽ݅.)

ଭฎଭැॺ֫෉

ǎ᪶ᮡ ⊺ಚᮝಽ ༉ಽ⎵ ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑, ᱽ᳑, ᱽ᳑᮹ ᳑Õᯕ อ᳒ࡹᨩᮥ ভ,

⊺ಚᮝಽ ᔢ・⦹ ᧲ᬱ ༉ࢱ, ᦥܩ໕ ࢹ ᵲ ⦹ӹෝ ⧕ᔑ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.)

ੱ⦽ ǎ᪶ᮡ ǎa᪡ ᮹⫭ᨱ ີ᜽ḡෝ ၽ⢽⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ǎ᪶᮹ ີ᜽ḡ۵ ᮹⫭

ᨱᕽ Ԏࠦࡹ໑, םᰢ᮹ ݡᔢᯕ ࡹḡ ᦫ۵݅.

ౖ֞ճധ৤֫ୀ૕֝ԧੲౖ࣪ճฎଭச୍ୀߦছଭ֫෉

ǎ᪶ᮡ Ǒ ↽Ł ☖ᙹǭᯱᯕ݅.) ə۵ ḡ⭹šॅᮥ ᯥ໦⦹Ł əॅᨱí ǭ⦽ᮥ

᭥ᯥ⦽݅.)

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(6)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

ǎa᮹ ݡԕ᫙ᱢ ᦩᅕ, ᭥ʑ ᔢ⫊ᨱ š⦽ šญ ᱥఖ ၰ Õᝅ⦽ ᦩᅕᨱ š⦽ Ƚ ჵ᮹ ᱽࠥ⪵ᨱ š⦽ ᳑ᱶᮥ ᭥⦽ ʑǍಽᕽ ǎaᦩᅕ↽Ł⫭᮹a ₞ᖅࡹ۵ߑ, ǎ

᪶ᮡ ǎaᦩᅕ↽Ł⫭᮹ෝ ᵝᰍ⦹໑, ✚ᱶ⦽ ᵝᱽᨱ ⦽⧕ᕽ ᱶᇡ ᙹၹᨱí ᵝᰍ ǭᮥ ᭥ᯥ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ǎaᦩᅕ↽Ł⫭᮹۵ ᱶᇡ ᙹၹ ᫙ᨱ ⦹ᬱ᮹ᰆ, ᔢᬱ᮹ᰆ, ᔍჶᇡ↽Ł⫭᮹᮹ ݡ⢽ᯱ, ԕྕ・᫙ྕ・ჶྕ・ǎႊ bഭॅ ၰ ᦩᅕྙᱽ᮹ ᱥྙ

aॅ, ǎǑ᮹ ↽Łḡ⭹šॅ əญŁ ə ₙᕾᯕ ᭥ᬱ⫭ᨱ ࠥᬡᯕ ࡹ۵ ʑ┡ ᮁ܆⦽

ᯙᔍॅಽ Ǎᖒࡹ໑, ᭥ᬱ⫭᮹ ᳑Ḣŝ ᯕ᮹ ʑ܆ᨱ š⦽ Ƚᮉॅᮡ ᭥ᬱ⫭᮹ ԕᇡ Ƚᱶᮝಽ ⦽݅.)

۩ॷହࡣ֫෉ր୺ઊणஜ֫෉

ǎ᪶ᮡ ᫙ǎŝ ǎᱽʑǍ᮹ ݡᔍॅᮥ ᯥ໦⦽݅.) ݡᔍ᪡ ǎᱽʑǍ᮹ ݡ⢽ॅᮡ

əᨱí ᝁᯥᰆᮥ ᇡᩍၼ۵݅. ə۵ ᳑᧞ᨱ ᕽ໦⦹Ł እᵡ⦽݅.) ə్ӹ ⠪⪵᳑

᧞, ࠺๚᳑᧞, ǎĞᮥ ᱶ⦹۵ ᳑᧞, ᔢᨦ᳑᧞, ǎa ᩩᔑᮥ ᔍᬊ⦹۵ ᳑᧞ॅ, ჶᱢ

᳑⊹ෝ ⦥᫵ಽ ⦹۵ ᳑᧞ॅ, }ᯙŝ Ŗ࠺ℕ᮹ ǭญ᪡ ᯙၝ᮹ ᯱᮁ᪡ šಉࡽ ᳑᧞

ॅᮡ እᵡᨱ ᦿᕽ ჶශᨱ ᮹⧕ ᜚ᯙᮥ ၼᦥ᧝⦽݅.)

ǎ᪶ᮡ ᨕਅ ᳑᧞ᯕु ᯕ᮹ እᵡᨱ ᦿᕽ ᮹⫭ᨱ ᱽ⇽⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ⨭ჶᰍ❱ᗭ ۵ ǎ᪶, ᱶᇡ ⅾญ, ⦹ᬱ᮹ᰆ, ᔢᬱ᮹ᰆ, ᔢᬱ᮹ᬱ᮹ ᇥ᮹ , ⦹ᬱ᮹ᬱ᮹ ᇥ᮹

ᯕ ᱽʑ⦽ ǎᱽ᳑᧞᮹ ⨭ჶŝ᮹ ∊࠭ŝ šಉ⦽ ྙᱽᨱ ݡ⦹ᩍ ⧕ݚ ǎᱽ᳑᧞᮹ እᵡᮡ ᪅Ḣ ⨭ჶᮥ }ᱶ⦽ ⬥ᨱ᧝ a܆⧉ᮥ ᖁᨙ⦽݅.)

ॷ࣑ऀౖճฎଭச୍֫෉

ǎ᪶ᮡ ᔍჶᇡ↽Ł⫭᮹ෝ ᵝᰍ⦽݅.) ੱ⦽ ǎ᪶ᮡ ᔍჶᇡ↽Ł⫭᮹a ᱽℎ⦽

ᔍჶᇡ ⧪ᱶᯙᔍᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎ᮥ ⊺໦ᮝಽ ᜚ᯙ⦽݅.)

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(7)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

ॷ࡟֫

ǎ᪶ᮡ ᔍ໕ǭᮥ ⧪ᔍ⦽݅.)

ુ૤ୡ଴֫෉

ǎ᪶ᮡ ǎ☁᮹ ☖ᯝᖒᯕ ᭥⩲ၼÑӹ ⨭ჶʑš᮹ ᱶᔢᱢᯙ ʑ܆ᯕ ᭥⩲ၼ۵ እ ᔢᔢ⫊ᯕ ၽᔾ⧁ ভᨱ۵ ⅾญ, ⦹ᬱ᮹ᰆ, ᔢᬱ᮹ᰆ, ⨭ჶᰍ❱ᗭᰆŝ ⩲᮹⦽ ⬥ ᨱ, ⊺ಚᮝಽ ǎaᨱ ີ᜽ḡෝ ၽ⢽⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ᯕ ⊺ಚᮝಽ ǎ᪶ᮡ ǎ☁᮹ ᩢ

☁ᱢ ☖ᯝᖒᮥ ᅕ᳕⦹Ł, ⨭ჶʑš᮹ ᱶᔢᱢᯙ ᬕᩢᮥ ⫭ᅖ⧁ ᳑⊹ॅᮥ ≉⧁ ᙹ

ᯩ݅.)

᮹⫭۵ ǎ᪶ᯕ እᔢǭ⦽ॅᮥ ⧪ᔍ⦹۵ ࠺ᦩᨱ۵ ⧕ᔑࡹḡ ᦫᮝ໑, ǎaእᔢᔢ

⫊ᨱࠥ ᯕ ⨭ჶᯕ Ƚᱶ⦽ ɝᅙᱢᯙ ǭญ᪡ ᯱᮁ۵ ᅕᰆࡽ݅.)

እᔢᔍ┽۵ ᯕෝ ᱶݚ⪵⧁ ᙹ ᯩ۵ ༉ु ᳑Õᯕ ᔍ௝ḡ໕, ᯕ᪡ ੲzᮡ ⩶᜾᮹ ᖁᨙᨱ ᮹⧕ ᳦ഭࡽ݅.)

૝଍ծ਎

༉ಽ⎵᮹ ᪶᭥᪡ ⨭ჶᱢ ǭ⦽ᮡ ǎ᪶ᯕ ᔕᦥ ᔾᱥᨱ ᰆᯱ ᯕ᫙᮹ ᪶ᯱෝ ᜚ĥ

ᯱಽ ḡ໦⦹ḡ ᦫ۵ ⦽, Ḣĥᰆᯱᔢᗮ᮹ ᙽᕽᨱ ঑௝ ᦥქḡᨱᕽᇡ░ ᦥॅಽ ԉ

ᯱ ᪶᳒ᨱí ᯕᨕḡ໑, ԉᯱ ⬥ĥᯱa Ḣĥᨱ ᳕ᰍ⦹ḡ ᦫᮥ ভᨱ۵ ᪶᭥۵ ↽ɝ

⊽᮹ ႊĥ ᪶᳒ᨱí ᜚ĥࡽ݅.)

ǎ᪶ᮡ ᖙᨱ ᯕ෕ౡᮥ ভ ᖒ֥ᯕ ࡽ݅.) ǎ᪶ᯕ ၙᖒ֥ᯙ ࠺ᦩᨱ۵ ᖎᱶ᭥

ᬱ⫭a ⨭ჶ }ᱶŝ šಉ⦽ ǭ⦽ᮥ ᱽ᫙⦹Ł۵ ǎ᪶᮹ ǭ⦽ŝ ⨭ჶᔢ᮹ ǭญॅ

ᮥ ⧪ᔍ⦽݅. ᖎᱶ᭥ᬱ⫭۵ ǎ᪶ᯕ ᖙᨱ ᯕ෕ʑʭḡ ǎ᪶᮹ ᳑ᨙʑšᮝಽᕽ ʑ܆⦽݅.)

ᖎᱶ᭥ᬱ⫭۵ ⨭ჶᰍ❱ᗭ᮹ ᗭᰆᯕ ᭥ᬱᰆᯕ ࡹŁ, ᯕ ᭥ᬱ⫭۵ ᱶᇡ ᙹၹ, ⦹

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(8)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

ᬱ᮹ᰆ, ᔢᬱ᮹ᰆ, ᔍჶᇡ ↽Ł᭥ᬱ⫭᮹ ݡ⢽ᯱ, Ulemas ᭥ᬱ⫭᮹ ᔍྕⅾᰆ ə ญŁ ᪶ᨱ ᮹⧕ ḡ໦ࡽ ໦᮹ ᱡ໦ᯙᔍॅಽ Ǎᖒࡽ݅. ᖎᱶ᭥ᬱ⫭᮹ ʑ܆ᨱ š⦽

Ƚᱶᮡ ჶශಽ Ƚᱶ⦽݅.

Ԩ߹ฎଭ

ǎ᪶ᮡ ⅾญ᪡ bഭॅಽ Ǎᖒࡽ bഭ⫭᮹ෝ ᵝᰍ⦽݅.) bഭ⫭᮹۵ ǎ᪶᮹ ၽ ᮹ӹ ⅾญ᮹ ᫵Ǎಽ }᮹⦽݅. ǎ᪶ᮡ ✚ᱶ⦽ ᮹ᱽᨱ š⧕ᕽ ⅾญᨱí bഭ⫭᮹ ᮹ ᵝᰍǭᮥ ᭥ᯥ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.)

bഭ⫭᮹۵ ݅ᮭ᮹ ྙᱽॅŝ ᵝᱽॅᨱ ݡ⧕ ᝍ᮹⦽݅.)

- ǎa ᱶ₦᮹ ᱶఖᱢ ႊ⋉

- ⨭ჶ }ᱶᦩ - b᳦ ჶශ

- ᰍᱶšಉ ჶᦩ᮹ ᱥℕᱢᯙ ႊ⨆

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ ʑᅙჶᨱ š⦽ ჶᦩ - ᔍ໕ჶᦩ

- Ǒྕᨱ šಉࡽ ჶᦩ - ĥᨥಚ ᖁ⡍

- ᖁᱥ⡍Ł

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ ჶಚᨱ šಉࡽ ᔍ⧎

- ⅾญ᮹ ᱽℎŝ šĥ ᰆš᮹ ᇡᕽᨱ ᮹⦽ ݅ᮭ ʑš᮹ ᰆॅᨱ š⦽ ᯥ໦: Al- Maghribᮡ⧪᮹ wali(ᰆ(䁷)), ݡᔍ, wali᪡ ḡᔍ, ⊹ᦩ⧪ᱶ₦ᯥᯱ(Ğₑℎᰆ), ŖŖ᜽ᖅŝ Ŗᩢʑᨦ᮹ ᰆ(ᩍʑᨱ ⧕ݚࡹ۵ ŖŖ᜽ᖅŝ ŖŖʑᨦ᮹ ༊ಾᮡ

ჶශಽ ᔢᖙ⯩ ᱶ⦽݅).

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(9)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

Ⳕ⧪ᱶᇡ

ෘ୨ऀଭ֜ন

ᱶᇡ۵ ⅾญ(The Prime Minister)᪡ bഭ(ᰆš,Minister)ॅಽ Ǎᖒࡽ݅.) ᱶᇡ ᮹ ᳑Ḣŝ ᨦྕᙹ⧪, Ǎᖒᬱॅ᮹ ḡ᭥ᨱ šಉ⦽ ᔍ⧎ᮡ ჶශಽ ⦽݅.) ᱶᇡ ʑ܆

e᮹ ∊࠭ ၰ ǭ⦽ᯕ ᳦ഭࡽ ᱶᇡ ʑšᯕ ⃹ญ⧕᧝ ⦹۵ ᔍྕᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎ᮡ ჶ ශಽ ⦽݅.)

֥ ᬵᮥ ʑᵡᮝಽ ⅾญ᪡ ༉ಽ⎵ ⧪ᱶᇡ᮹ b ᇡ⃹ᄥ ᰆšᮥ ӹᩕ⦹໕ ݅

ᮭŝ z݅.)

- ⅾญ(Prime Minister)

- ᫙Ʊ⩲ಆᰆš(Min. for Foreign Affairs & Cooperation) - ԕྕᰆš(Min. of Interior)

- ჶྕᰆš(Min. of Justice)

- ᯕᜍ௭ᰆš(Min. of Habous & Islamic Affairs) - ᰍĞᰆš(Min. of Finance & Economy)

- ⅾྕᰆš(Secretary General of the Government)

- ׮ᨦ, ׮Ⅽ}ၽ, ᙹᔑᰆš(Min. of Agriculture & Rural Development)

- Ʊᮂ, Ł॒Ʊᮂ, šญᯱ ᧲ᖒ, ŝ⦺ᩑǍᰆš(Min. of National Education, Higher Education, Staff Training & Scientific Research in Charge of School Education)

- Łᬊ, Ḣᨦ⬩ಉᰆš(Min. of Employment, Social Affairs & Solidarity) - ྙ⪵ᰆš(Min. of Culture)

- ÕᖅƱ☖ᰆš(Min. of Equipment & Transport)

- šŲ, ᙹŖᩩ, ᔍ⫭Ğᱽᰆš(Min. of Tourism, Handicrafts & Social Economy) - ᅕÕᰆš(Min. of Health)

- ݡ᮹⫭ ݕݚᰆš(Min. in Charge of Relations With Parliament)

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ༉ಽ⎵}⫊ ᵝ༉ಽ⎵ݡᔍš 

(10)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

- ᨱթḡ, Ųᔑ, ⪹Ğᰆš(Min. of Energy, Mines, Water & Environment) - Ŗᅕᰆš(Min. of Communications & Government Spokesperson) - ݡ᫙☖ᔢᰆš(Min. of External Commerce)

- ᔍ⫭}ၽ, a᳒, ᩑݡᰆš(Min. of Social Development, Family & Solidarity) - ʑ⫮ᇡᰆš(Haut Commissariat for Planning)

- ᵝ┾, ࠥ᜽}ၽᰆš(Min. of Housing, twon planning & development) - ᔑᨦ, ☖ᔢ, ᝁʑᚁᇡᰆš(Min. of Industry, Trade & New technogies) - ℎᗭ֥ℕᮂᰆš(Min. of Youth & Sports)

- ǎྕᰆš(ྕᯥᗭ)(Min. of State(Without Portfolio)) (໦)

- ǎႊ⧪ᱶ ݕݚᰆš(Min. Delegate to the Prime Minister in Charge of the Administration of National Defense)

- Ğᱽ, ⅾť ݕݚᰆš(Min. Delegate to the Prime Minister in Charge of Gen- eral & Economic Affairs)

- ᰍ᫙ǎၝ ݕݚᰆš(Min. Delegate to the Prime Minister in Charge of Moroc- can Resident Abroad)

- ŖŖ⩥ݡ⪵ ݕݚᰆš(Min. Delegate to the Prime Minister in Charge of Pub- lic sectors Modernization )

- ᫙Ʊ⩲ಆᇡ ǎྕᰆš(໦)(Sec. of State to the Min. of Foreign Affairs &

Cooperation)

- ԕྕᇡ ǎྕᰆš(Sec. of State to the Ministry to the Interior)

- Łᬊ, Ḣᨦ⬩ಉᇡǎྕᰆš(Sec. of State to the Min. of Employment & Voca- tional Training)

- Ʊᮂ, Ł॒Ʊᮂ, šญᯱ᧲ᖒ, ŝ⦺ᩑǍᇡ ǎྕᰆš(Sec. of State to the Min.

of National Education, Higher Education, Staff Training & Scientific Re- search)

- šŲ, ᙹŖᩩᇡ ǎྕᰆš(Sec. of State to the Min. of Tourism and Handi- crafts)

- ᨱթḡ, Ųᔑ, ⪹Ğᇡ ǎྕᰆš(Sec. of State to the Min. of Energy, Mines, Water and Environment)

- ᵝ┾, ࠥ᜽}ၽᇡ ǎྕᰆš(Sec. of State to the Min. of Housing, town plan- ning & development)

※ Secretary of State۵ ᇡ⃹ᨱᕽ ₉š(Secrétaire-Général)ᅕ݅ ᔢ᭥ᯕ໑, ᰆš

(11)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

ᮥ ݡ⧪⦹۵ ✚ᄥᯥྕෝ ᇡᩍၼᮡ ǎྕᰆšᮝಽ ⧕ᕾ(ǎྕ⫭᮹ ₙᕾ)

׆ۇ

ᱶᇡ۵ ⧪ᱶǭᮥ ⧪ᔍ⦽݅.) ⅾญ᮹ ☖⧁⦹ᨱ ᱶᇡ۵ ᱶᇡ᮹ ᱶ₦ᮥ ⇵ḥ⦹Ł, ჶ᮹ Ḳ⧪ᮥ ᅕᰆ⦹Ł, ⧪ᱶ᳑Ḣᮥ ႑ᩕ⦹Ł, ŖŖʑᨦŝ ŖŖʑšॅᮥ qࠦ⦹

໑, əॅ᮹ ʑ܆ᮥ ᅕᰆ⦽݅.)

ᯕ᪡ zᯕ ᱶᇡ᮹ ʑ܆ᮡ ჶශ᮹ Ḳ⧪ᮥ ᅕᰆ⦹Ł ⧪ᱶᮥ ☖ᱽ⦹໑, ⦹ᬱᨱ ᯦ ჶᮥ ၽ᮹⦹Ł, ⨭ჶᨱ ᮹⧕ ⦹ᬱ᮹ š⧁ಽ Ƚᱶࡹḡ ᦫᮡ ྙᱽॅᨱ ݡ⦽ Ƚᱽෝ

⦹۵ äᯕ݅.)

౑ࠤ

ⅾญ۵ ⧪ᱶǭᮥ ⧪ᔍ⦹໑, ə ᯱᝁ᮹ ǭ⦽ ᵲ ᯝᇡ ǭ⦽ॅᮥ ԕb bഭॅᨱí

᭥ᯥ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ⅾญa ᱽᦩ⦽ ჶᦩᮡ šĥ ᰆš᮹ ᇡᕽa ᯩᨕ᧝ ⦽݅.)

ⅾญ۵ ༉ಽ⎵ ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑᮹ ǭ⦽ᮥ ⋉⧕⦹ḡ ᦫ۵ ჵ᭥ᨱᕽ ŖŖʑš᮹ ᰆ

ॅᮥ ᯥ໦⦹Ł, ŖŖ᜽ᖅŝ ŖŖʑᨦॅ᮹ ᯥᬱॅᮥ ᯥ໦⦽݅.) ⅾญ۵ ᯕ ǭ⦽

ᮥ ᭥ᯥ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.)

ǎ᪶ᯕ bഭॅᮥ ᖁᯥ⦽ अᨱ ⅾญ۵ ᔢᬱŝ ⦹ᬱᨱᕽ ᱶᇡ ᨦྕᙹ⧪ᨱ š⦽

ᱶ₦ᮥ ᖅ໦⦽݅.) ᯕ ᱶ₦ᮡ Ğᱽ, ᔍ⫭, ⪹Ğ, ྙ⪵, ᫙Ʊෝ ⡍⧉⦽ ᩍ్ ᇥ᧝ᨱ ᕽ᮹ ᱶᇡ᮹ ⪽࠺ĥ⫮ᨱ ݡ⧕ ໦᜽⧕᧝ ⦽݅.) ᯕ ᱶ₦ᮡ ᔢ・⦹ ᧲ᬱᨱᕽ ☁ು

⦽ ⬥ ⦹ᬱᨱᕽ ⢽đᨱ ᇡℱḥ݅.)

ᱶᇡ۵ ᱶᇡ᮹ ĥ⫮ᨱ ݡ⧕ ⦹ᬱᨱᕽ ᱩݡ݅ᙹ᮹ ⚍⢽ᨱ ᮹⧕ ᝁᯥᮥ ᨜ᮡ अ

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 $4DPUU5BMCPU 5IF-FHBM4ZTUFNPGUIF,JOHEPNPG.PSPDDP JO.PEFSO-FHBM4ZTUFNT$ZDMPQFEJB

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(12)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

ᨱ ⧕ݚ ᱶ₦ᮥ ⇵ḥ⧁ ǭ⦽ᮥ ᇡᩍၼ۵݅.)

֝ࡿฎଭ

ⅾญ᮹ ᵝᰍ⦹ᨱ ǎྕ⫭᮹۵ ݅ᮭ᮹ ᔍ⧎ᨱ ݡ⧕ ᝍ᮹⦽݅.

- bഭ⫭᮹ᨱ ᔢᱶࡹʑ ᱥ ǎa᮹ ᯝၹᱶ₦ᨱ š⦽ ᝍ᮹ - ŖŖᱶ₦

- ᇡྙᱶ₦

- ⦹ᬱᨱ ݡ⦽ ᱶᇡ᮹ ₦ᯥᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎

- ᯙǭŝ ŖŖḩᕽ᪡ šಉ⦽ ᔍྕᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑᮹ Ƚᱶᮥ ⋉⧕⦹ḡ ᦫᮝ໕ᕽ ⦹ᬱ ᔍྕǎᨱ ᱽ᜽⦹ʑ ᭥⦽ ᰍᱶ ᨱ š⦽ ჶᦩ

- ໦ಚ

- Ƚᱽ ໦ಚ Ⅹᦩ

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑(ྙ݉), , (ྙ݉)ᨱ Ƚᱶࡹᨕ ᯩ۵ ໦ಚ - bഭ⫭᮹ᨱ ᔢᱶࡹʑ ᱥ᮹ ǎᱽ᳑᧞ᨱ ݡ⦽ ᝍ᮹

- ⧪ᱶᇡ᮹ ᔍྕⅾᰆ ၰ ǎᰆ, ݡ⦺ ⅾᰆ, Ł॒⦺Ʊ᪡ ᩑǍᗭᰆŝ ʑ⫮ᯱ᮹ ᯥ

໦. ᯕᨱ ݡ⦹ᩍ ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ ঑௝ ǎྕ⫭᮹᮹ ʑ܆ŝ ᖁၽ᮹ ʑᵡ, ʑ⫭᮹ Ɂ॒, ⩽┾, ǭ⦽ŝ ⚍໦ᖒ ॒ᮡ ჶශಽ ᱶ⦽݅.

ⅾญ۵ ǎྕ⫭᮹᮹ đᱶᔍ⧎ᮥ ǎ᪶ᨱí ᅕŁ⦽݅.

Ԩ߹ଭథହ

bഭॅᮡ ᯱᝁॅ᮹ ᗭšᔍ⧎ŝ ᱶᇡ᮹ ᳑Ḣᱢᯙ ʑ܆, ᱶᇡ ᱶ₦᮹ ᯕ⧪ ॒ᨱ

₦ᯥᮥ ḥ݅.) bഭॅᮡ ⅾญa əॅᨱí ᭥ᯥ⦽ ᯥྕෝ ᪥ᙹ⧕᧝ ⦹Ł, ǎྕ⫭

᮹ᨱ ⫭ĥᅕŁᕽෝ ᱽ᜽⧕᧝ ⦽݅.) bഭॅᮡ əॅ᮹ ᯝᇡ ǭ⦽ᮥ ǎྕᇡ ᰆš ᨱí ᭥ᯥ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.)

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(13)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

bഭॅᮡ ੱ⦽ əॅ᮹ ʑ܆ᮥ ᙹ⧪⧉ᨱ ᯩᨕ əॅᯕ ჵ⦽ ჵᴥ᪡ እ⧪ᨱ ݡ⧕

ᕽ ⩶ᔍᱢᯙ ₦ᯥᮥ ḡ໑, ᯕ ₦ᯥŝ šಉ⦽ ᱩ₉۵ ჶශಽ ᱶ⦽݅.)

ⳕ᯦ჶǭŝ⧪ᱶǭᔍᯕ᮹šĥ

଺࣑ऀ૕ෘ୨ऀଭଵࢱୡฆܛ

᮹⫭۵ ᵝᯝᨱ ⦽ ჩ }ᱶࡹŁ, ᬑᖁᱢᮝಽ ǎ⫭᮹ᬱॅᯕ ᱽʑ⦽ ྙᱽ᪡ ᱶᇡ ᮹ ݖᄡᨱ š⦽ ྙᱽෝ ⃹ญ⦽݅. ᱶᇡ۵ ḩ᮹ෝ ၼᮡ ԁಽᇡ░ ᯝ ᯕԕᨱ ݖ ᄡᮥ ⧕᧝อ ⦽݅.)

ᯝၹ ᱶ₦ᨱ š⦽ ḩ᮹ᨱ ݡ⦽ ݖᄡᮡ ⅾญa ⧪⦹۵ߑ, ᯕ౑ ḩ᮹a ⅾญᨱí

ࠥ₊⦽ ԁಽᇡ░ ᯝ ᯕԕᨱ ⧕ݚ ᮹⫭ᨱ ᯕᨱ ݡ⦽ ݖᄡᯕ ⧪⧕Კ᧝ ⦹Ł, ᯕ౑

ḩ᮹᪡ ݖᄡᮥ ⃹ญ⦹ʑ ᭥⧕ ᮹⫭۵ ⦽ ݍᨱ ⦽ ჩ }ᱶ⦽݅.)

ੱ⦽ ǎ⫭᮹ ᭥ᬱ⫭۵ ⧪ᱶᇡӹ ŖŖʑš, ŖŖʑᨦ᮹ ₦ᯥᯱॅᮥ šĥ ᰆš᮹

₦ᯥ⦹ᨱ ᗭ⪹⦹ᩍ ḥᚁ⦹í ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ⅾญ۵ ə ᯱᝁ᮹ ၽ᮹, ⦹ᬱ᮹ᬱ ᇥ ᮹ ᮹ ᫵Ǎ ⪚ᮡ ᔢᬱ᮹ᬱ ݅ᙹ᮹ ၽ᮹ᨱ ᮹⧕ ᱶᇡ᮹ ⪽࠺ᨱ ݡ⧕ ᮹⫭ ᦿᨱᕽ ḥᚁ⦽݅.) ᮹⫭۵ ֥ᨱ ჩ ŖŖᱶ₦ᨱ ݡ⦽ ☁ುŝ ⠪aෝ ⧪⦽݅.)

଺࣑֫րෘ୨֫ॷଲଭե୪૕ֹ෴

౑ࠤଭ਑ହറඝࢳଭ֫෉

ⅾญ۵ ⦹ᬱᨱᕽ ŖŖᱶ₦ŝ ⧕ݚ ᱶ₦ᨱ ݡ⦽ ᝁᯥᮥ ྜྷᮥ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ᝁᯥ⚍

⢽۵ ᝁᯥ⚍⢽ᦩᯕ ᱽʑࡽ ḡ ᯝᯕ ḡӽ ⬥ᨱ᧝ ⧪⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ᝁᯥŝ ჶᦩᮡ

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(14)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

⦹ᬱ᮹ᬱ ᱩݡ݅ᙹᨱ ᮹⧕ᕽอ ᇡđࢁ ᙹ ᯩ۵ߑ,) อᯝ ᝁᯥ⚍⢽a ᇡđࡹ໕ ԕbᮡ ⅾᔍ♕⦽݅.)

෇଀ଭٛԨऄ਑ହէଭ

ԕbᮡ ⦹ᬱ᮹ ᇩᝁᯥđ᮹ᨱ ᮹⧕ ⧕ᔑࢁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ᷪ, ⦹ᬱᮡ ᇩᝁᯥđ᮹ಽ ᱶᇡ᮹ ₦ᯥᮥ ྜྷᮥ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ᇩᝁᯥđ᮹ᦩ᮹ ၽ᮹۵ ⦹ᬱ᮹ᬱ ᇥ᮹  ᯕᔢ᮹

࠺᮹ಽ ⧕᧝ ⦽݅.) ᇩᝁᯥᦩ᮹ ၽ᮹۵ ⦹ᬱ᮹ᰆ᮹ ᜚ᯙᯕ ᯩᨕ᧝ ⦹໑, ⦹ᬱ᮹ ᱩݡ݅ᙹ᮹ ₍ᖒᮝಽ៉อ ᮹đࢁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ⚍⢽۵ ᇩᝁᯥᦩᯕ ᱽ⇽ࡽ ḡ ᯝᯕ ḡӽ ⬥ᨱ᧝ ⧁ ᙹ ᯩᮝ໑, ᇩᝁᯥᦩ᮹ ⚍⢽đŝᨱ ঑௝ ԕbᮡ ⅾᔍ♕⧕᧝ ⦽

݅.) ԕbᯕ ᇩᝁᯥᦩ᮹ ᮹đᨱ ᮹⧕ ⅾᔍ♕⦹໕ ֥ ᯕԕᨱ۵ ᇩᝁᯥᦩᮡ ᱽ⇽

⧁ ᙹ ᨧ݅.)

౑ࠤଭ෇଀ැॺ֫෉

ⅾญ۵ ǎ᪶, ⦹ᬱ᮹ᰆ, ⨭ჶᰍ❱ᗭᰆŝ ⩲᮹⦽ ⬥, bഭ⫭᮹ᨱᕽ ₥┾ࡽ ໦ಚ ᨱ ঑௝ ⦹ᬱᮥ ⧕ᔑ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.) ⅾญ۵ ⦹ᬱᨱᕽ ᭥ đᱶ᮹ ᯕᮁ᪡ ༊ᱢᨱ ݡ⧕

ᕽ ໦႒⦹í ᖅ໦⧕᧝ ⦽݅.)

ঃ଀ଭ୨ऀ઩۩෉ாଭ・ডࡣ૬֜

ᔢᬱᮡ ᮹ᬱ ᇥ᮹  ᯕᔢ᮹ ࠺᮹ಽ ᱶᇡᨱ ḩ᮹・ᖅ໦ᮥ ᫵Ǎ⧁ ᙹ ᯩ݅.)

᫵Ǎ۵ ᱽ⇽ࡽ ḡ ᯝ ⬥ᨱ᧝ ⚍⢽ᨱ ᇡℱḩ ᙹ ᯩᮝ໑, ᔢᬱ᮹ᬱ ᱩݡ݅ᙹ᮹ ₍ ᖒᮝಽ ᮹đࡽ݅.)

ḩ᮹・ᖅ໦ ᫵Ǎᦩᮡ ᷪ᜽ ᔢᬱ᮹ᰆᨱ ᮹⧕ ⅾญᨱí ☖ᅕࡹŁ, ⅾญ۵ ☖ᅕ

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(15)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

ၼᮡ ԁಽᇡ░ ᯝ ԕᨱ ᔢᬱᨱᕽ ᱶᇡ᮹ ᯦ᰆᮥ ݖᄡ⧕᧝ ⦽݅.) ⅾญ᮹ ݖᄡᮡ

ݖᄡ ⬥ᨱ ⢽đ ᨧ۵ ☁ುᨱ ᇡℱḥ݅.)

Ⳗḡႊᱶᇡ

ࡦߦಸଭ஺ࢺෘ୨୺஻Թւ

༉ಽ⎵᮹ ḡႊ⧪ᱶ ᳑Ḣᮡ ֥ ⨭ჶᨱ ᮹⧕ }⠙ࡹᨕ } Willaya(ᵝ), 

} prefectures(ࠥ), } provinces(⩥), ,} communes(᜽, ᮮ, ໕)ᮝಽ Ǎᖒ

ࡹᨕ ᯩ݅Ł ⦽݅.) ੱ⦽, ⧪ᱶᇥᔑŝ Ǎ᳑᳑ᱶᮥ ☖⦽ ⬉ᮉᖒ ⨆ᔢᮥ ᭥⦹ᩍ ḡ

ႊᯱ⊹⧪ᱶ Ǎ᳑᪡۵ ᄥࠥಽ ḡᩎĞᱽ Ǎᩎᮥ ᖅᱶ⦹Ł ᯩ݅.)

༉ಽ⎵ ⨭ჶᮡ “༉ಽ⎵ ᪶ǎ᮹ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ ᳑Ḣᮡ ᯱᮁ⧪ᱶ, ᳑⪵᪡ đᗮ᮹ ᬱ⊺ᨱ ɝÑ⦽݅. ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ ᵝၝॅᯕ əॅ᮹ ᔍྕᨱ ݡ⦽ đᱶᨱ ₙᩍ⦹۵ äᮥ ᅕᰆ⦹Ł, ᵝၝॅᯕ əॅ᮹ ᪥ᱥ⦹Ł ḡᗮᱢᯙ ᵝၝᮝಽᕽ᮹ ᯙĊ⩶ᖒᨱ ʑ ᩍ⧉ᮥ ǭᰆ⦽݅)”Ł ⦹ᩍ ḡႊᯱ⊹ᱽࠥෝ ᯦ࠥ⦹Ł ᯩᮭᮥ ᖁᨙ⦹Ł ᯩ݅.

ə్ӹ Wali(Willaya᮹ ᰆ)ෝ ǎ᪶ᯕ ᯥ໦⦹Ł, ᵲᦺᱶᇡᨱᕽ ᰍᱶḡᬱᮥ ⦹۵

॒ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ࠦพᖒᮡ ׳ḡ ༜⦹໑, ᵝၝॅᯕ ḢᱲᖁÑෝ ☖⧕ ᜽ᰆᮥ Ꮂ Ł ᯩᮝӹ, ə ǭ⦽ᮡ ᔢݡᱢᮝಽ Ⓧḡ ༜⦹݅.)

ࡦߦಸଭ஺ࢺୀ౿఼ۚ

༉ಽ⎵ ᪶ǎ᮹ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ ౩ḡ᪚(Regions), ࠥ(Prefectures), ⩥(Provinc- es)ŝ ΍࿭(Communes)ᮝಽ Ǎᖒࡽ݅.)

b ᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ ჶශᨱ ᮹⧕ əॅ᮹ ᔍྕෝ ၝᵝᱢᮝಽ ⃹ญ⧁ ᯱෝ ᖁ⇽⦹۵

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ༉ಽ⎵}⫊ ᵝ༉ಽ⎵ݡᔍš 

 ༉ಽ⎵}⫊ ᵝ༉ಽ⎵ݡᔍš 

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ༉ಽ⎵}⫊ ᵝ༉ಽ⎵ݡᔍš 

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(16)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

ߑ, Ųᩎŝ ʑⅩᯱ⊹݉ℕ(the regions & the communes)᮹⫭ ᮹ᬱᮡ Ḣᱲ・ᅕ☖

ᖁÑᨱ ᮹⧕ ᖁ⇽ࡽ݅.)

Ƚᱶࡽ ä ᯕ᫙᮹ ᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ ჶශᨱ ᮹⧕ ₞ᖅࡹŁ, ᭥ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ } ⪚ᮡ ə ᯕᔢ᮹ ᯱ⊹݉ℕෝ ݡℕ⦹ʑ ᭥⦹ᩍ ᖅพࡽ݅.)

஺ࢺୀ౿఼ۚଭ૶ઽ

ଵࢱୡ଴ॷා

ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ ǎa᮹ ᯝၹ ⧪ᱶ᮹ ᙹ⧪ᨱ ₙᩍ⦹Ł əॅ ḡᩎᨱᕽ ᖁ⇽ࡽ ᔢ ᬱ᮹ᬱॅᮥ ☖⧕ ḡႊᱶ₦ᨱ š⦽ ᔢᬱ᮹ ᯦ჶᨱ ₙᩍ⦽݅.) ᩑݡ᮹ ᬱญᨱ ʑ

Ⅹ⦹ᩍ, ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ əॅ ᯱᝁ᮹ Łᮁᔍྕ᪡ ݉ℕ᭥ᯥᔍྕ, ʑš᭥ᯥᔍྕෝ

aḥ݅.) əญŁ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕॅᮡ ĥ⫮ŝ ᯕ⧪ᙹ݉ e᮹ ᔢ⪙᯲ᬊᮥ ᭥⦽ ᳑Ḣ

ॅᮥ đᖒ⦽݅.)

ḡႊ᮹⫭᮹ ᮹ᰆŝ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ᰆᮡ ᯱ⊹᮹⫭ᨱᕽ ᝍ᮹・᮹đ⦽ äॅᮥ

Ḳ⧪⦽݅.) ḡႊ᮹⫭᮹ ᰆŝ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ᰆᮡ ḡႊ}ၽĥ⫮᮹ ᯦ჶŝ ᱢᬊ ᨱ ᵝၝ・݉ℕ᮹ ₙᩍෝ Ⅺḥ᜽┅ʑ ᭥⦹ᩍ ⩲᮹⦹Ł ᱽ⮕⦽݅.) ᵝၝŝ ݉ℕ ۵ ḡႊ᮹⫭᮹ ǭ⦽ᨱ š⦽ ᮹ᱽᨱ ₙᩍ⧁ äᮥ ᫵Ǎ⦹۵ ℎᬱ᮹ ǭญ۵ ⧪ᔍ⧁

ᙹ ᯩ݅.)

ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ bᯱ᮹ ǭ⦽ŝ ᩢᩎ᮹ ჵ᭥ ԕᨱᕽ əॅ᮹ ǭ⦽ᮥ ᯕ⧪⧁ Ƚᱽ

᯦ჶ᮹ ǭ⦽ᮥ aḥ݅.) ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ əॅ ᯱᝁ᮹ ᩩᔑŝ ǎaಽᇡ░ ḡᬱࡽ

ᩩᔑᮥ ⧁ݚ・႑⊹⦽݅.) ঑௝ᕽ ǎaಽᇡ░ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕಽ᮹ ǭ⦽ ᯕ᧲ᮡ ᯕ

᪡ šಉࡽ ᩩᔑ᮹ ᯕ᧲ᮥ ᙹၹ⦽݅.)

ᯙᱢᯱᬱ}ၽ・ᯙ⥥௝᪡ ŖŖᰆእ᮹ ษಉᮥ ᭥⧕ ᵡእࡽ ᔍ⫭ၽᱥʑɩᮡ ʑ

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

 ֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(17)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

eᮥ ᱶ⦹ᩍ ḡႊ᮹ ၽᱥᮥ ᭥⧕ ᳑ᖒࡽ݅.) ḡႊe᮹ ᇩɁ⩶ᮥ ⧕ᗭ⦹ʑ ᭥⦽

ḡႊᩑݡʑɩᮡ ᯱᬱ᮹ Ŗ⠪⦽ ႑ᇥᮥ Łಅ⦹ᩍ ᳑ᖒࡽ݅.)

ᨕਅ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕࠥ ݅ෙ ᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ⬥čᯙᯕ ࢁ ᙹ ᨧ݅.) ḡႊၽᱥŝ ᯱ⊹

݉ℕĞᩢŝ šಉࡽ ⥥ಽəఉ᮹ ᯦ჶŝ ᱢᬊŝ šಉ⦹ᩍ ᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵, ݅ෙ ᯱ⊹݉

ℕ᪡ ᕽಽ᮹ ǭ⦽ᮥ ᳕ᵲ⦹໕ᕽ ᕽಽ ⩲ಆ⧁ ǭญෝ ᅕᰆ⦹໑, ᯕ۵ ⧕ݚ ᯱ⊹݉

ℕ᮹⫭᮹ ᰆ᮹ ၽ᮹ಽ ⦽݅.) อᯝ ᙹ}᮹ ᯱ⊹݉ℕe᮹ ⩲ಆᯕ ⥥ಽ᱾✙᮹ ᝅ

⩥ᮥ ᭥⧕ ⦥᫵⦹݅໕, ə ᯱ⊹݉ℕॅᮡ əॅ᮹ ⩲ಆ᮹ ႊ᜾ᮥ đᱶ⧕᧝ ⦽݅.)

஺ࢺୀ౿఼ۚୋଭ֫෉

ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ᰆᮡ ᯝၹᱢᯙ ǭ⦽ᮥ ᅕᮁ⦽݅.) ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ۵ ᱶᇡ᮹ ᯕ

෥ᮝಽ ჶ᮹ ᱢᬊ, ᱶᇡȽᱽ᪡ đᱶᮥ ᯕ⧪⦹Ł, ⧪ᱶᱢ ☖ᱽෝ ᙹ⧪⦽݅.) ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ᰆॅᮡ ੱ⦽ }ၽĥ⫮᮹ ᯕ⧪ŝ šಉ⦹ᩍ ḡႊ᮹⫭᮹ ᰆŝ ʑ

┡ ᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ᰆॅᮥ ḡᬱ⦽݅.)

஺ࢺఙ౿఼ۚ઩ւ෉ָ୨ॷා

ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᪡ šಉࡽ ݅ᮭ᮹ ᔍ⧎ᮡ ჶශಽ ᱶ⦽݅.)

- ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕᔍྕ᮹ ၝᵝᱢ ᯕ⧪ŝ ḡႊ᮹⫭᮹ᬱ᮹ ᱶᙹ, ⦝ᖁÑᯱĊ, ǭ⦽

e᮹ ∊࠭ŝ ǭ⦽ ᭥ᯥ᮹ ᱶḡ, ᖁÑᱽࠥ, ḡႊ᮹⫭ᨱ ᩍᖒ᮹ ₙᩍෝ ᅕᰆ⦹

۵ ॒᮹ ᔍ⧎

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ෝ Łಅ⦹ᩍ ḡႊ᮹⫭᪡ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ đᱶ᮹ ᯕ⧪ŝ šಉ

ࡽ ᔍ⧎

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ ᵝၝŝ ݉ℕ᮹ ℎᬱǭ᮹ ⧪ᔍᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ Łᮁᔍྕ・݉ℕ᭥ᯥᔍྕ・ʑš᭥

ᯥᔍྕᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

֥༉ಽ⎵⨭ჶᱽ᳑

(18)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

- ᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ᩩᔑᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ᖙᬱᨱ šಉࡽ ᔍ⧎

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ ᔍ⫭ၽᱥʑɩŝ ḡႊᩑݡʑɩ᮹ ᖙᬱŝ ʑ܆᮹ ႊ᜾

ᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎

- ⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑ᨱ Ƚᱶࡽ ᳑Ḣ᮹ Ǎᖒႊ᜾ŝ ᳑Õᨱ š⦽ ᔍ⧎

- ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ e᮹ ၽᱥᮥ Ⅺḥ⦹۵ Ƚᱶŝ ᯕᨱ ݡ⦽ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ᱢ᮲

ᮥ ᅕᰆ⦹ʑ ᭥⦽ ℕĥ᪡ šಉࡽ ᔍ⧎

- ᯱᮁ⧪ᱶŝ b᳦ ʑɩ・ĥ⫮᮹ ᬕᩢᨱ š⦽ ☖ᱽ, ḡႊ⧪ᱶᨱ ݡ⦽ ⠪a, đ ᔑᅕŁ᮹ ᱽݡಽ ࡽ ᯕ⧪ᨱ š⦽ Ƚ⊺ॅ

׆ొୀ౿఼ۚ

⩥(Provinces)ᮡ Circleॅಽ ǍᖒࡹŁ, Circleᮡ Quidatॅಽ Ǎᖒࡽ݅. ᜽ʼn᮹ Quidatᮡ Quidಽ ݡ⢽ࡹ۵ ၹ໕, ࠥ᜽᮹ Quidatᮡ Pashaᨱ ᮹⧕ ݡ⢽ࡽ݅. ᩎᔍ ᱢᮝಽ Quidᮡ ᚁ┥ᨱ ᮹⧕ ᯥ໦ࡹŁ, ᵲݡ⦽ ǭ⦽ᮥ aḡ໑, ໨໨ ᔍჶǭ⦽ॅࠥ

aḥ݅. ᪅۹ԁ᮹ Quidᮡ ᔍჶᱢᯙ ǭ⦽ᮡ ᨧ݅. ⦹ḡอ əa ⧪ᔍ⦹۵ ǭ⦽ॅᨱ ۵ ჵᴥᨱ ݡ⦽ ᳑ᔍ᪡ ᖁÑ᮹ š⧁, ᯱĊ᷾᮹ ၽ⧪, ׮aݡ⇽᮹ ᜚ᯙ, ᔍჶᱽࠥ

ಽ ⧕đ⦹ʑᨱ۵ թྕӹ ᔍᗭ⦽ ྙᱽॅ᮹ ᳑ᱶॅᯕ ᯩ݅. Quidᮡ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ

ॅ ᔍᯕ᮹ ᵲ}ᩎ⧁ᮥ ⦹ʑࠥ ⦽݅.)

Quid᪡ Pasha᮹ ၲᨱࠥ ໨ }᮹ ⧪ᱶ݉᭥ॅᯕ ᳕ᰍ⦽݅. Khalifa۵ ࠥ᜽᮹ ᯲

ᮡ Ǎᩎॅᮥ qࠦ⦹Ł, Shaykh۵ ᦉ᳒, ᇡ᳒᮹ ❭ჭᇥᰢᮥ ₦ᯥḡ໑, Muqaddam

ᮡ ᯲ᮡ Ⅽ௞ॅ᮹ ᬑࢱນญᯕ݅. Shaykh᪡ Muqaddamᮡ ᱥᯥᮡ ᦥܩ݅. əॅᮡ

⠪Ɂᱢᮝಽ ,໦᮹ ᔍ௭ॅᮥ š⧁⦹Ł, əॅ᮹ ᱽ᮹ ᯥྕ۵ ☁ḡᖙෝ ᇡŝ

⦹۵ äᯕ݅.)

؁࢔ $PNNVOFT

bb᮹ Circleᮡ } ⪚ᮡ ə ᯕᔢ᮹ ΍࿭(Commune)ᮝಽ Ǎᖒࡽ݅. bbᮡ ᄥ }᮹ ჶᯙĊᮥ aḡŁ ᰍᱶᱢᮝಽࠥ ࠦพࡹᨕ ᯩ݅. ࠥ᜽᪡ ᜽ʼnᨱ ༉ࢱ ᳕ᰍ⦽

$4DPUU5BMCPU 5IF-FHBM4ZTUFNPGUIF,JOHEPNPG.PSPDDP JO.PEFSO-FHBM4ZTUFNT$ZDMPQFEJB

Ⰷ '-PDBM(PWFSONFOU

$4DPUU5BMCPU 5IF-FHBM4ZTUFNPGUIF,JOHEPNPG.PSPDDP JO.PEFSO-FHBM4ZTUFNT$ZDMPQFEJB

(19)

֗

࣑ ෮ ੲ

ं জ

༉ಽ⎵

݅. ࠺ᮡ ḡႊ᮹ ᇡ᳒ᨱ ɝÑ⦽ ⧪ᱶℕĥෝ ᔍ⫭-Ğᱽᱢ ݉᭥ಽ ⠙ᖒ⧩݅. ΍࿭᮹ ᵝ᫵⦽ ʑšᮡ ֥ ᯥʑ᮹, ᯙǍᨱ ঑௝ ໦ᨱᕽ ໦᮹ ᮹ᬱॅಽ Ǎᖒࡽ ΍࿭᮹

⫭ᯕ݅. ΍࿭᮹⫭᮹ đᱶǭ⦽ᮡ ɝᅙᱢᮝಽ ŖŖᰍᱶᇥ᧝ಽ ᱽ⦽ࡽ݅. ΍࿭᮹⫭

᮹ đᱶᮡ ḡᔍ᪡ ԕྕᇡ ᰆš᮹ ᜚ᯙᨱ ᳦ᗮࡽ݅.)

ⳗđು

֥ ༉ಽ⎵ }ᱶ ⨭ჶᮡ ǭಆ᮹ ᇥญ᪡ čᱽ, ᳑⪵ෝ ࠥ༉⦹Łᯱ ⦹ᩡŁ, ᦥ ᬙ్ ǎၝॅ᮹ ₙᩍ᪡ ᖁᱶ(㈄㗑, good governance)᮹ ᬱ⊺ᮥ ᖁᨙ⦹Ł ᯩ݅. ᳦ ᱥᨱ۵ ᝅḩᱢᮝಽ ǎ᪶ᯕ ⧪ᱶ・ᔍჶ・᯦ჶ ॒ ǭᨱᕽ Ñ᮹ ᱩݡᱢᯙ ǭಆᮥ

⧪ᔍ⦹Ł ᯩᨩᮝӹ, }ᱶ ⨭ჶᨱ ঑௝ ⅾญ, ᔢ・⦹ ᧲ᬱ əญŁ ᔍჶᇡ᮹ ǭ⦽

ᯕ v⪵ࡹ໕ᕽ ǎ᪶᮹ ǭ⦽ᮡ ᔢݡᱢᮝಽ ฯᯕ ⇶ᗭࡹᨩ݅. ⦹ḡอ ǎ᪶ᮡ ᩍᱥ

⯩ ⅾญᯥ໦ǭ, ᰆš⧕ᯥǭ, ᮹⫭᮹ ⧕ᔑǭ, Ǒ ☖ᙹǭ, ᔍჶᇡ↽Ł⫭᮹ ᵝᰍǭᮥ

ᮁḡ⦹Ł ᯩ݅.

ᱶᇡ۵ ⅾญ᮹ ☖⧁⦹ᨱ ჶශ᮹ Ḳ⧪ᮥ ᅕᰆ⦹Ł ⧪ᱶᮥ ☖ᱽ⦹໑, ⦹ᬱᨱ ᯦ ჶᮥ ၽ᮹⦹Ł, ⨭ჶᨱ ᮹⧕ ⦹ᬱ᮹ š⧁ಽ Ƚᱶࡹḡ ᦫᮡ ྙᱽॅᮥ Ƚᱽ⦽݅.

᯦ჶŝ ⧪ᱶ ᔍᯕ᮹ šĥᨱᕽ۵ čᱽ᪡ Ɂ⩶᮹ ᬱญa ӹ┡ӹŁ ᯩ۵ߑ, ⦹ᬱ ᮹ ԕb ᇩᝁᯥđ᮹ᨱ ᮹⧕ ԕbᯕ ⧕ᔑࢁ ᙹ ᯩࠥಾ ⦹۵ ⦽⠙, ⅾญᨱí ⦹ᬱᮥ

⧕ᔑ⧁ ǭ⦽ᮥ ᇡᩍ⦽ äᮡ ᯕ్⦽ čᱽ᪡ Ɂ⩶ᮥ ᅕᩍ ᵝ۵ ᳬᮡ ᩩᯕ݅.

༉ಽ⎵۵ ⨭ჶᨱᕽ ໦᜽ᱢᮝಽ ḡႊᯱ⊹ᱽࠥෝ ᯦ࠥ⦹Ł ᯩᮭᮥ ᖁᨙ⦹Ł ᯩ ᮝӹ(⨭ჶ ᱽ᳑), ᦥḢʭḡ ḡႊᯱ⊹݉ℕ᮹ ࠦพᖒᮡ ׳ḡ ༜⦹݅.

$4DPUU5BMCPU 5IF-FHBM4ZTUFNPGUIF,JOHEPNPG.PSPDDP JO.PEFSO-FHBM4ZTUFNT$ZDMPQFEJB

Ⰷ '-PXFS-FWFMTPG&YFDVUJWF"ENJOJTUSBUJPO

Figure

Updating...

References

Related subjects :