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I. The view of Koreans on international order

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ID Number A1-2006-0068-Eng

Title EAI·JoongAng Daily·CCGA International Public Opinion Survey on Attitudes towards Foreign Countries, 2006

 Respondent's region 1) Seoul

2) Busan 3) Daegu 4) Incheon 5) Gwangju 6) Daejeon 7) Ulsan 8) Gyeonggi-do 9) Gangwon-do

10) Chungcheongbuk-do 11) Chungcheongnam-do 12) Jeollabuk-do

13) Jeollanam-do 14) Gyeongsangbuk-do 15) Gyeongsangnam-do

 Gender 1) Male 2) Female

 Age: What is your age? (In year) ___________

1) 19 -29 2) 30s 3) 40s 4) 50s

5) 60s or above

I. The view of Koreans on international order

Q1. When you follow the news these days, how interested are you in news about the relations of South Korea with other countries ?

1) Very Interested 2) Somewhat interested 3) Hardly interested 4) Don't follow the news

(2)

Critical ---

Important but not

critical ---

Not important ---

Do not know/No answer ---

3-1. The development of China as world power 1 2 3 9

3-2. Islamic fundamentalism 1 2 3 9

3-3. The possibility of unfriendly countries becoming

nuclear powers 1 2 3 9

3-4. International Terrorism 1 2 3 9

3-5. Large numbers of immigrants and refugees coming into

South Korea 1 2 3 9

3-6. Economic competition from low-wage countries 1 2 3 9

3-7. Global Warming 1 2 3 9

3-8. AIDS, avian flu, and other potential epidemics 1 2 3 9

3-9. Disruption in energy supply 1 2 3 9

3-10. A confrontation between mainland China and Taiwan 1 2 3 9 3-11. Instability and conflict on the Korean Peninsula 1 2 3 9

3-12. Economic competition from Asian countries 1 2 3 9

3-K13. The US troops stationed in Asia 1 2 3 9

3-K14. The unilateralism of the United StatesQ 1 2 3 9

3-K15. Conflict between China and Japan 1 2 3 9

3-K16. The rise of Japan as a military power 1 2 3 9

Very important ---

Somewhat important ---

Not important ---

Do not know/No answer ---

5-1. Strengthening the United Nations 1 2 3 9

5-2. Combating International Terrorism 1 2 3 9

5-3. Protecting the jobs of South Korea workers 1 2 3 9

5-4. Helping to bring a democratic form of government

to other nations 1 2 3 9

5-5. Securing adequate supplies of energy 1 2 3 9

5-6. Improving the global environment 1 2 3 9

Q3. Below is a list of possible threats to the vital interest of South Korea in the next 10 years.

For each one, please select whether you see this as a critical threat, an important but not critical threat, or not an important threat at all.

Q5. Below is a list of possible foreign policy goals that South Korea might have. For each one please select whether you think that it should be a very important foreign policy goal of South Korea, a somewhat important foreign policy goal, or not an important goal at all?

(3)

5-8. Protecting the interests of South Korea business

abroad 1 2 3 9

5-9. Promoting economic growth 1 2 3 9

5-10. Combating world hunger 1 2 3 9

5-K11. The deterrence of North Korea's nuclear

development 1 2 3 9

5-K12. Strengthening of the alliance between Korea and

the US 1 2 3 9

5-K13. Reunification of the Korean peninsula 1 2 3 9

Should participate

---

Should not participate ---

Do not know/No

answer ---

10-1. The Kyoto agreement to reduce global warming 1 2 9

10-2. The treaty that would prohibit nuclear weapon test

explosions worldwide 1 2 9

10-3. The agreement on the International Criminal Court that can try individuals for war crimes, genocide, or crimes against humanity if their own country won’'t try them

1 2 9

10-4. An agreement under the treaty banning biological weapons that would allow international inspectors to examine biological research laboratories to ensure that countries are not producing biological weapons

1 2 9

Favor ---

Oppose ---

Do not know/No answer --- 25-1. Giving the UN the power to regulate the international arms

trade 1 2 9

25-2. Having a standing UN peacekeeping force selected, trained and

commanded by the United Nations 1 2 9

Q10. Based on what you know, do you think South Korea should or should not participate in the following treaties and agreements

Q15. Please select whether you agree or disagree with the following statement. When dealing with international problems, South Korea should be more willing to make decisions within the United Nations even if this means that South Korea will sometimes have to go along with a policy that is not its first choice.

1) Agree 2) Disagree

9) Do not know/No answer

Q25. Thinking about specific steps that could be taken to strengthen the UN (United Nations), here are some options that have been proposed. For each one, select if you would favor or oppose this step.

(4)

25-3. Giving the UN the power to fund its activities by imposing a small tax on such things as the international sale of arms or oil

1 2 9

25-4. Giving the UN the authority to go into countries in order to

investigate violations of human rights 1 2 9

25-5. Creating an international marshalls service that could arrest

leaders responsible for genocide 1 2 9

Favor ---

Oppose ---

Depends ---

Do not know/

No answer ---

27-1. India 1 2 3 9

27-2. Japan 1 2 3 9

27-3. Germany 1 2 3 9

27-4. Brazil 1 2 3 9

27-5. South Africa 1 2 3 9

Should have the

right ---

Should not have the right ---

Do not know/No answer --- 115-1. If they have strong evidence that the other country is

acquiring weapons of mass destruction that could be used against them at some point in the future

1 2 9

115-2. If they have strong evidence that they are in imminent

danger of being attacked by the other country 1 2 9

115-3. To stop neighboring countries from supporting an insurgency

within their own country 1 2 9

115-4. To maintain their territorial integrity 1 2 9

Q27. The five permanent members of the UN Security Council are China, France, Russia, Britain, and the United States. Some people have proposed that the permanent membership should be expanded. Would you favor or oppose each of the following specific countries becoming permanent members?

Q45. The World Trade Organization was established to rule on disputes over trade treaties. If another country files a complaint with the World Trade Organization and it rules against South Korea, as a general rule, should South Korea comply with that decision or not?

1) Yes 2) No 3) Depends

9) Do not know/No answer

Q115. For each of the following conditions, please indicate when you think countries, on their own, should have the right to go to war with another country they believe may pose a threat to them.

(5)

Favor ---

Oppose ---

Do not know/No answer ---

130-1. If North Korea invaded South Korea 1 2 9

130-2. If China invaded Taiwan 1 2 9

130-3. To stop a government from committing genocide and

killing large numbers of its own people 1 2 9

130-4. To ensure the oil supply 1 2 9

130-5. To install democratic governments in states where

dictators rule 1 2 9

130-6. To deal with humanitarian crises 1 2 9

130-7. To stop Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons 1 2 9

130-K8. To stop North Korea from obtaining nuclear weapons 1 2 9

Agree ---

Disagree ---

Do not know/No answer --- 140-1. The threat of terrorism has been reduced by the war 1 2 9 140-2. The war will lead to the spread of democracy in the

Middle East 1 2 9

140-3. The war has worsened America’'s relations with the

Muslim world 1 2 9

Should have the

right ---

Should not have the right ---

Do not know/No answer --- 120-1. To prevent a country that does not have nuclear weapons

from acquiring them 1 2 9

120-2. To prevent severe human rights violations such as genocide 1 2 9 120-3. To stop a country from supporting terrorist groups 1 2 9 120-4. To restore by force a democratic government that has been

overthrown 1 2 9

120-5. To defend a country that has been attacked 1 2 9

120-6. To prevent a country that does not have nuclear weapons from producing nuclear fuel that could be used to produce nuclear weapons

1 2 9

Q120. Do you think that the UN Security Council should or should not have the right to authorize the use of military force for each of the following purposes.

Q130. There has been some discussion about the circumstances that might justify using U.S.

troops in other parts of the world. Please give your opinion about some situations. Would you favor or oppose the use of U.S. troops.

Q140. Below are a number of statements about the Iraq war. Please mark whether you agree or disagree with each statement.

(6)

140-4. The experience of the Iraq war should make nations more cautious about using military force to deal with rogue states

1 2 9

Mainly a good thing ---

Mainly a bad thing ---

Do not know/

No answer ---

170-1. American culture 1 2 9

170-2. Chinese culture 1 2 9

170-K3. Japanese culture 1 2 9

Good ---

Bad ---

Do not know/No answer ---

190-1. The South Korea economy 1 2 9

190-2. South Korea companies 1 2 9

190-3. Consumers like you 1 2 9

190-4. Creating jobs in South Korea 1 2 9

190-5. The environment 1 2 9

190-6. Job security for South Korea workers 1 2 9

190-7. Your own standard of living 1 2 9

Ⅱ . Globalization and East Asian Community

Q165. Turning to something else, do you believe that globalization, especially the increasing connections of our economy with others around the world, is mostly good or mostly bad for South Korea?

1) Mostly good 2) Mostly bad

9) Do not know/No answer

Q170. In your opinion, is the spread of the following cultures around the world mainly a good thing or mainly a bad thing?

Q190. Overall, do you think international trade is good or bad for?

(7)

Practice fair trade ---

Practice unfair trade ---

Do not know/

No answer ---

202-1. The countries of the European Union 1 2 9

202-2. Japan 1 2 9

202-3. The countries of ASEAN (Association

of South East Asian Nations) 1 2 9

202-4. China 1 2 9

202-5. Chile 1 2 9

202-6. U.S. 1 2 9

202-7. India 1 2 9

202-8. Australia 1 2 9

Yes ---

No ---

Do not know/

No answer ---

210-1. Free trade agreement with U.S. 1 2 9

210-2. Free trade agreement with Japan 1 2 9

210-3. Free trade agreement with China 1 2 9

210-4. Free trade agreement with India 1 2 9

Q202. In general, do you think that the following countries practice fair trade or unfair trade with South Korea?

Q210. Do you think South Korea should have a free trade agreement that would lower barriers such as tariffs with each of the following countries?

Q215. Should there be an East Asia free trade area including China, Japan and South Korea?

1) There should be 2) Mostly bad

9) Do not know/No answer

Q220. Many European countries have become “"borderless”" and integrated into a regional community called the European Union. Do you think East Asia countries including South Korea, China, and Japan should take the same path?

1) Yes, they should 2) No, they shouldn’'t 9) Do not know/No answer

(8)

Should be allowed ---

Should not be allowed ---

Do not know/

No answer ---

245-1. EU countries 1 2 9

245-2. U.S. 1 2 9

245-3. China 1 2 9

245-4. Japan 1 2 9

245-5. India 1 2 9

Not at all a leader Very much a leader

250-1. U.S. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

250-2. India 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

250-3. China 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

250-4. South Korea 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

250-5. Japan 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

250-6. Germany 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Q245. In your opinion, should companies from the following countries generally be allowed or not be allowed to purchase a controlling interest in South Korea companies?

Q250. Please rank how much you think the following countries are leaders in developing new products and technologies. Please answer on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 meaning not at all a leader and 10 meaning very much a leader.

Q300. Do you think it will be best for the future of the country if we take an active part in world affairs or if we stay out of world affairs?

1) Active part 2) Stay out

9) Do not know/No answer

Q302. Which statement comes closest to your position?

1) As the sole remaining superpower, the U.S. should continue to be the preeminent world leader in solving international problems

2) The U.S. should do its share in efforts to solve international problems together with other countries

3) The U.S. should withdraw from most efforts to solve international problems.

9) Do not know/No answer

Q315. Do you think that the United States has the responsibility to play the role of ‘'world policeman,’' that is, to fight violations of international law and aggression wherever they occur?

1) Yes 2) No

9) Do not know/No answer

(9)

Very likely ---

Somewhat likely ---

Not very likely ---

Do not know --- 324-1. Competition over vital energy resources like oil

and gas 1 2 3 9

324-2. Economic competition between Asian countries 1 2 3 9 324-3. The spread of nuclear weapons to new countries

in Asia 1 2 3 9

324-4. The growth of Chinese military power 1 2 3 9

324-5. The situation on the Korean Peninsula 1 2 3 9

324-6. Relations between India and Pakistan 1 2 3 9

324-7. Relations between mainland China and Taiwan 1 2 3 9

Very positive ---

Somewhat positive ---

Somewhat negative ---

Very negative ---

Neither positive nor negative ---

Do not know/No answer ---

325-1. The U.S. 1 2 3 4 5 9

325-2. China 1 2 3 4 5 9

325-3. Japan 1 2 3 4 5 9

325-4. India 1 2 3 4 5 9

325-5. South Korea 1 2 3 4 5 9

Q316. Please select if you agree or disagree with the following statement: The U.S. is playing the role of world policeman more than it should be.

1) Agree 2) Disagree

9) Do not know/No answer

Ⅲ . Security Situation in East Asia

Q324. Thinking about the future, how likely do you think it is that each of the following will be a potential source of conflict between major powers in Asia?

Q325. In your opinion, are the following countries playing a very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative or very negative role in resolving the key problems facing Asia?

Q331. In resolving tensions between China and Japan which of the following comes closest to your views?

1) Both sides need to compromise 2) Japan needs to change its policies 3) China needs to change its policies

4) The differences between China and Japan cannot be resolved

(10)

Very cold (Unfavorable)

Not particularly warm or cold

Very warm (favorable)

333-1. North Korea 0 50 100 ( )

333-2. Germany 0 50 100 ( )

333-3. Mexico 0 50 100 ( )

333-4. Israel 0 50 100 ( )

333-5. Great Britain 0 50 100 ( )

333-6. China 0 50 100 ( )

333-7. Saudi Arabia 0 50 100 ( )

333-8. France 0 50 100 ( )

333-9. India 0 50 100 ( )

333-10. Japan 0 50 100 ( )

333-11. U.S. 0 50 100 ( )

333-12. Australia 0 50 100 ( )

333-13. Iran 0 50 100 ( )

333-14. Indonesia 0 50 100 ( )

333-15. Iraq 0 50 100 ( )

KK1. In resolving tensions between South Korea and Japan which of the following comes closest to your views?

1) Both sides need to compromise

2) South Korea needs to change its policies 3) Japan needs to change its policies

4) The differences between South Korea and Japan cannot be resolved 9) Do not know/No answer

Q333. Please rate your feelings toward some countries and peoples, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred, the higher the number the more favorable your feelings are toward that country or those people. If you have no opinion or have never heard of that country or those people leave the box blank and move on to the next question.

(11)

Not at all a leader

Very much a

leader

345-1. U.S. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

345-2. Russia 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

345-3. Japan 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Very cold (Unfavorable)

Not particularly warm or cold

Very warm (favorable) 335-1. The World Trade Organization

(WTO)

0 50 100 ( )

335-2. The United Nations 0 50 100 ( )

335-3. The World Bank 0 50 100 ( )

335-4. Multinational corporations 0 50 100 ( )

335-5. The International Monetary Fund (IMF)

0 50 100 ( )

335-6. International human rights groups

0 50 100 ( )

335-7. The World Court 0 50 100 ( )

335-8. The World Health Organization

0 50 100 ( )

335-K9. Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

0 50 100 ( )

335-K10. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

0 50 100 ( )

335-K11. The six-party talks 0 50 100 ( )

335-K12. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

0 50 100 ( )

Q335. Please rate your feelings toward some international organizations, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred, the higher the number the more favorable your feelings are toward those organizations. If you have no opinion or have never heard of that organization, leave the box blank and move on to the next question.

Q338. In your opinion, has the U.S. influence in Asia over the past 10 years?

1) Increased

2) Remained about the same 3) Decreased

9) Do not know/No answer

Q345. I would like to know how much influence you think each of the following countries has in the world. Please answer on a 0 to 10 scale; with 0 meaning they are not at all influential and 10 meaning they are extremely influential.

(12)

345-4. Germany 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

345-5. China 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

345-6. India 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

345-7. European Union 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

345-8. Great Britain 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

345-9. France 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Mainly positive ---

Mainly negative ---

Do not know/No answer --- 377-1. China becomes significantly more powerful economically than

it is today 1 2 9

377-2. China becomes significantly more powerful militarily than it

is today 1 2 9

377-3. India becomes significantly more powerful militarily than it is

today 1 2 9

377-4. India becomes significantly more powerful economically than

it is today 1 2 9

377-5. The U.S. becomes significantly less powerful militarily than it

is today 1 2 9

377-6. The U.S. becomes significantly less powerful economically

than it is today 1 2 9

Q352. Do you think that it is more likely that someday China’'s economy will grow to be as large as the U.S. economy or that the U.S. economy will always stay larger than China’'s?

1) China's economy will grow as large as the U.S. economy 2) The U.S. economy will always stay larger than China's 9) Do not know/No answer

Q365. Thinking about what will happen in the next 50 years, do you believe that?

1) The U.S. will continue to be the world’'s leading power 2) Another nation will become as powerful as the United States 3) The U.S. will be surpassed in power by another nation 9) Do not know/No answer

Q377. For each of the following possible future trends, please tell me if you would see it as mainly positive or mainly negative.

(13)

Improving ---

Worsening ---

Staying about the same ---

Do not know/

No answer ---

425-1. U.S. 1 2 3 9

425-2. China 1 2 3 9

425-3. India 1 2 3 9

425-4. Japan 1 2 3 9

425-K5. North Korea 1 2 3 9

Not at all ---

Not very much ---

Somewhat ---

A great deal ---

Do not know/

No answer ---

427-1. U.S. 1 2 3 4 9

427-2. China 1 2 3 4 9

427-3. India 1 2 3 4 9

427-4. Japan 1 2 3 4 9

427-K5. North Korea 1 2 3 4 9

Q425. In your opinion, are relations of South Korea with the following countries improving, worsening or staying about the same.

Q427. How much do you trust the following countries to act responsibly in the world?

Ⅳ . Security in Korea

Q465. The United States currently has about 30,000 troops in South Korea. In your view, is that ...

1) Too Many 2) Too Few 3) About Right

9) Do not know/No answer

Q470. If North Korea were to attack South Korea, would you favor or oppose the U.S.

contributing military forces, together with other countries, to a UN sponsored effort to reverse the aggression?

1) Favor 2) Oppose

9) Do not know/No answer

(14)

Example

Not at all Extreamly

Influential Influential

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-1. The South Korean Public 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-2. National Assembly 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-3. The President 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-4. Interest Groups 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-5. Civic Associations 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-6. U.S. Government 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-7. Chinese Government 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-8. Japanese Government 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-9. Russian Government 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK2-10. North Korean

Government 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Q490. Do you think that the US Armed Forces stationed in East Asia contribute to the stability of the region or to the deterioration of regional stability?

1) Promote regional stability 2) Deteriorate regional stability 3) Neither (voluntary)

9) Do not know/no answer

Q495. Do you think that the U.S. military presence in East Asia should be increased, maintained at its present level, or do you think it should be decreased?

1) Increased 2) Decreased 3) Maintained

9) Do not know/no answer

KK2. I would like to know how much influence you think the following have on South Korean foreign policy. 0 means they are not at all influential and 10 means they are extremely influential.

KK3. What do you think about the US Armed Forces stationed in Korea?

1) The US Armed Forces should be stationed in Korea permanently

2) The US Armed Forces should be stationed in Korea for a significant period of time 3) The presence of the US Armed Forces should be reduced gradually

4) The US Armed Forces should immediately withdraw from Korea 9) Do not know/no answer

(15)

An independent foreign policy free of US intervention

Strengthening of the alliance

between US and Korea

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

KK4. Do you think that the US Armed Forces in Korea should contribute to the security of North East Asia and intervene in the military conflicts in regions other than the Korean Peninsula, or do you think their role should be limited to the prevention of a North Korean invasion?

1) They should contribute to the security of the region around the Korean Peninsula 2) Their role should be limited to the prevention of a North Korean invasion 9) Do not know/no answer

KK5. The US and Korea have agreed to reducing the number of the US Armed Forces in Korea to 23,000 - 25,000 in the next three years. What effect do you think such a reduction of US Forces in Korea will have on the security of Korea?

1) Very positive 2) Somewhat positive 3) Somewhat negative 4) Very negative

9) Do not know/no answer

KK6. Do you think North Korea possess nuclear weapons?

1) Yes 2) No

9) Do not know/no answer

KK7. If North Korea possessed nuclear weapons, how threatened would you feel?

1) Would feel very seriously feel threatened 2) Would feel somewhat seriously feel threatened 3) Would not feel threatened

9) Do not know/no answer

KK8. This question is regarding your opinion on the appropriate US-Korea relations. Please select a number from 0 to 10. If you support an independent foreign policy without the intervention of the US mark "0", if you support strengthening the US-Korea alliance mark

"10", and if you support the current conditions mark "5".

KK9. What is your opinion on financial aid to North Korea?

1) Financial aid should be stopped

2) It should only be limited to humanitarian purposes 3) It should be maintained at the current level 4) It should be increased

9) Do not know/no answer

(16)

Very positive ---

Somewhat positive ---

Neither positive nor negative ---

Somewhat negative ---

Very negative ---

Do not know/No Answer ---

KK13-1. The U.S. 1 2 3 4 5 9

KK13-2. China 1 2 3 4 5 9

KK13-3. Russia 1 2 3 4 5 9

KK13-4. Japan 1 2 3 4 5 9

KK13-5. North Korea 1 2 3 4 5 9

KK10. How would you evaluate the relations between US and Korea under the Roh Moo-Hyun government?

1) Greatly progressed 2) Somewhat progressed

3) Neither progressed nor worsened 4) Somewhat worsened

5) Greatly worsened

9) Do not know/no answer

KK11. What are your thoughts on reunification?

1) Reunification should be achieved as soon as possible

2) Reunification should be achieved but it doesn't need to be hastened 3) There is no need for reunification

4) I am not interested in reunification 9) Do not know/No answer

KK12. In your opinion, how do you think the issue of North Korea's nuclear crisis may be resolved?

1) Through talks between North Korea and the US 2) Through diplomatic efforts such as the six party talks 3) Through economic sanctions on North Korea

4) Through military measures 9) Do not know/No answer

KK13. How would you evaluate the influences of the following countries on Korean security?

(17)

Strongly agree ---

Agree ---

Disagree ---

Strongly Disagree ---

Do not know/No Answer --- KK14-1. Financial aid to countries in the Third

World should be increased 1 2 3 4 9

KK14-2. The acquisition of Korean citizenship by

foreigners should be made easier 1 2 3 4 9

KK14-3. In order to survive in the international community strong military power is necessary

1 2 3 4 9

KK14-4. Korea is not receiving proper treatment

in the international community 1 2 3 4 9

KK14-5. The domestic rice market must be

protected at all costs 1 2 3 4 9

KK14-6. Korea should actively embrace foreign

cultures in an era of globalization 1 2 3 4 9

KK14-7. This country should also possess nuclear

weapons 1 2 3 4 9

KK14-8. Favoring domestic products in an era of

globalization is anachronistic 1 2 3 4 9

KK14-9. Large foreign corporations are causing more and more harm to the Korean economy

1 2 3 4 9

KK14-10. Although the decision of international organizations may differ from the stance of Korea, the Korean government should follow the decisions

1 2 3 4 9

KK14. Please listen to the following statements and state your opinion.

KK15. How close do you feel to the Republic of Korea as its citizen?

1) Very close 2) Somewhat close 3) Not very close 4) Not at all close

9) Do not know/no answer

KK16. How proud do you feel to be Korean?

1) Very proud 2) Somewhat proud 3) Not very proud 4) Not at all proud 9) Do not know/no answer

(18)

Ⅴ . Political knowledge

Q600. The countries of the European Union have introduced a common currency. To the best of your knowledge, what is this currency called?

1) Euro 2) Other

3) Do not know (Voluntary) 4) Decline (Voluntary) 5) No answer

Q605. If you happen to know the name of the Secretary General of the United Nations, please enter it here.

Ⅵ . Demographics

D1. What is your occupation?

1) Agriculture/Forestry/Fisheries 2) Self-employed

3) Sales/service

4) Manufacturing/skilled/manual labor 5) Clerical/technical/professional 6) Homemaker

7) Student

8) Unemployed/retired/Other (Please specify: ) 9) Do not know/no answer

D2. What is the highest level of education you have attained?

1) Less than middle school graduate 2) High school graduate

3) More than attending college 9) Do not know/no answer

(19)

D3. What is your monthly household income? Please include wages, bonuses, and bank interests of your family.

1) Less than 1,000,000 won

2) Between 1,000,000 - 1,990,000 won 3) Between 2,000,000 - 2,990,000 won 4) Between 3,000,000 - 3,990,000 won 5) Between 4,000,000 - 4,990,000 won 6) Between 5,000,000 - 5,990,000 won 7) Between 6,000,000 - 6,990,000 won 8) Between 7,000,000 - 7,990,000 won 9) Between 8,000,000 - 8,990,000 won 10) Between 9,000,000 - 9,990,000 won 11) More than 10,000,000 won

99) Do not know/No answer

D4. How well do you think President Roh Moo-Hyun is doing as president?

1) Doing very well 2) Doing somewhat well 3) Doing somewhat poorly 4) Doing very poorly 9) Do not know/no answer

D5. Political parties in Korea are Yeollin Uri Party, Grand national Party, Democratic Party, Democratic Labor Party, and People First party. Which party do you support?

1) Yeollin Uri Party 2) Grand National Party 3) Democratic Party 4) Democratic Labor Party 5) People First Party

6) Do not have a party affiliation 7) Do not know/no answer

D6. Which party's candidate did you vote for during the 2006 regional elections for the position of Metropolitan city mayor?

1) Yeollin Uri Party 2) Grand National Party 3) Democratic Party 4) Democratic Labor Party 5) People First Party 6) Other Party 7) Independent 8) Did not vote

9) Do not know/no answer

(20)

D7. Out of very liberal, somewhat liberal, moderate, somewhat conservative, and very conservative where do you think your ideological tendencies are closest to?

1) Very liberal 2) Somewhat liberal 3) Moderate

4) Somewhat conservative 5) Very conservative 9) Do not know/no answer

D8. Considering 0 as very liberal, 5 as moderate, and 10 as very conservative, where would you say you are closest to? Please select a number between 0 and 10

______________________

D9. How has your economic condition and that of your household changed since a year ago?

1) Greatly improved 2) Somewhat improved

3) Neither improved nor worsened 4) Somewhat worsened

5) Greatly worsened 9) Do not know/no answer

D10. Which of the following classes do you think you belong to?

1) Highest class 2) Upper middle class 3) Middle class 4) Lower middle class 5) Lower class

9) Do not know/no answer

참조

관련 문서

For more than 70 years, North Korea and the United States have faced hostile relations and mutual distrust through military conflicts in the DMZ,