정답 및 해설

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(1)

정답 및 해설

3

지학 | 양현권

(2)

1

farthest

2

crowd

3

palm

4

thumb

5

a bit of

6

is, good at

7

is known as

8

gets along, with

9

nodded her head

10

didn’t, at all

11

shy

12

secret

13

value

14

regularly

15

trouble

실력

쑥쑥 p.08

1

contact

2

positive

3

spin

4

5

6

7

She was not upset at all by the news.

8

Anns face turned red.

9

We got married 3 years ago.

10

I try to get exercise every day.

11

Kevin is known as a famous engineer.

만점

도전 p.09

1

2

말다

3

손동작, 제스처

4

~ 아래에

5

의사소통

6

둥근, 원형의

7

수줍어하는

8

선호하다

9

손바닥

10

펼치다

11

돌다, 돌리다

12

화가

13

얼굴; 직면하다, 향하다

14

15

규칙적으로

16

무례한

17

회장, 대통령

18

가치

19

직접의, 똑바른

20

~하는것을멈추다

21

산책하다

22

운동하다

23

결혼하다

24

~잘하다

1

positive

2

thumb

3

practice

4

restroom

5

crowd

6

outward

7

mean

8

eye contact

9

index finger

10

secret

11

similarly

12

active

13

polite

14

farthest

15

delicious

16

correct

17

contact

18

plant

19

difference

20

turn red

21

be known as

22

nod ones head

23

not ~ at all

24

get along with

Lesson

1 Cultural Differences in Gestures

Words & Expressions

교과서

기본

튼튼 p.07

1 (1) I wonder ~?

는궁금증을나타낸다

. (2) I’m wondering ~.

도궁금증을나타낸다

.

(3) Are you surprised?

는상대방이놀랐는지를묻는표현이다

. (4) Weren’t you surprised?

“~

에대해서놀라지않았니

?”

1

(1) I wonder (2) wondering where (3) are, surprised (4) Werent, surprised

2

Werent you surprised, prize / very surprised

3

(1) I wonder why I am so tired these days. (2) I am wondering who sent them. (3) Weren’t you surprised when he got upset?

4

5

6

7

8

(a) card

p.14~15

실력

쑥쑥

Conversation

교과서

1

wonder whether / Why dont you

2

Did you hear / did / Weren’t you surprised / very surprised

3

How can / wondering where / on your left

4

wonder why, got me wrong / give him a call / Give, a try

5

wonder why / sleep well / still tired / why dont you

6

Did you hear / What / became, president / Are,

surprised / thought, very shy

기본

튼튼 Step 1 p.11

A

1

come back

2

You mean

3

Aren’t you

4

I thought

5

much better

6

Lets go

7

Who was

8

very surprised

9

in English class

10

didnt know

11

look at

12

wondering who

13

Isn’t there

14

no name

내신만점

무 | 한 | 도 | 전 (D) – (B) – (A) – (C)

B

1

Werent you surprised

2

A little

3

wonder why

4

It’s because

5

Didn’t you give

6

I did

7

what was wrong

8

Did you know

9

wonder how

10

water, regularly

11

talk to

12

for them

13

so interesting

내신만점

무 | 한 | 도 | 전 (A) – (B) – (D) – (C)

p.12~13

기본

튼튼 Step 2

(3)

Lesson 1. Cultural Differences in Gestures

03

A

1

He said that the earth moves around the sun.

2

My grandfather lives near the post office.

3

He said that Mrs. Smith is his boss.

B

1

is

2

gets

3

is

4

do C

1

to face

2

to study D

1

are  is

p.17

Grammar

A

일반적인사실이나진리는항상현재시제로나타내며

,

시제일 치의예외이다

.

B

주절의시제가과거형이라도종속절이일반적인사실이나진리 를그내용으로담고있으면종속절의동사는과거형으로바뀌 지않고현재형을쓴다

.

C 1. to

부정사인

to face

be

동사

is

의보어로쓰였다

. 2. to study

는목적격보어로쓰인부정사이다

.

교과서

기본

튼튼

뜻으로놀람을나타낸다

.

2 Weren’t you surprised?

는상대방이놀랐는지물을때쓰는표 현이다

.

3 (1) I wonder why ~.

‘~

한이유가궁금하다

는뜻으로궁금 증을나타낼때말하는표현이다

.

(2) I’m wondering ~.

나는

~

이궁금해

라는뜻이다

. (3) Weren’t you surprised ~? “~

에대해서놀라지않았니

?”

의뜻으로놀람을나타낼때쓰는표현이다

.

4

I’m wondering ~.

은어떤사실을몰라서궁금증을나타낼때 말하는표현이므로빈칸에는궁금한사항에대한구체적인정보 혹은알고있음에대한유무를밝히는대답이적절하다

. 5 Aren’t you surprised?

놀라지않았니

?”

하고 상대방에게

묻는표현이므로

, ②

와의미상유사하다

.

6

뒤에이어지는내용이꽃에카드만있고이름이없다는것이므로

누가꽃을보냈는지궁금하다

라는내용이문맥상자연스럽다

. 7

빈칸

다음의말에서

카드에는

고맙습니다

라고쓰여 있고

이름은없어

.”

라는말이이어지므로카드가있다는긍정의대답 이와야알맞다

.

8

이름이쓰여있지않은곳은카드이다

.

1.

1~ 2.

일반적인사실이나진리는항상현재시제로나타낸다

. 3.

왕래발착을나타내는

return

은미래를나타내는부사구와함

께사용되어현재시제의형태로미래의동작이나상태를나타 낸다

.

2 1.

반복적인행동을나타낼때현재형을사용한다

.

2.

과학적인사실을나타낼때현재형을사용한다

.

3.

일반적인사실을나타낼때현재형을사용한다

.

3

의무

를나타내는

<be+to

부정사

>

표현이고

,

나머지는보 어로쓰인

to

부정사이다

.

4

일반적인사실이나진리는항상현재시제로나타내며

,

시제일치 의예외이다

.

5 ①, ②, ⑤

일반적인사실

, ③

격언

을나타내므로항상 현재시제로나타내야한다

. ④

진리

를나타내므로현재시 제로나타내야한다

.

6

일반적인 사실

이나

진리

를나타낼 때는 현재시제로 나타낸 다

.

7 ①, ②, ③

이유

목적

을나타내는

to

부정사의부사적용 법이고

, ⑤

to

부정사의형용사적용법이다

. ④

는주어를설명 하는주격보어로쓰인

to

부정사의명사적용법이다

.

8

부사적용법

형용사적용법

명사적용법

-

보어

명 사적용법

-

목적어

명사적용법

-

목적어

1

(1) capital (2) moves (3) returns

2

(1) My mother closes the window at night. (2) The sun doesn’t rise in the west. It rises in the east. (3) The beautiful flower blooms in summer.

3

4

In Singapore, this gesture means death.

5

6

(1) realized, human being dies, felt (2) like to do, taking[to take] (3) wanted to say, the earth moves around

7

8

실력

쑥쑥 p.18~19

D

주어는

One of the most famous examples

이므로단수동 사가와야한다

.

확인문제

아하!

1

F

2

T

3

F

4

F 확인문제

아하!

1

T

2

F

3

F

4

T 확인문제

아하!

1

T

2

F

3

F

4

F

5

F

Reading p.20~22

교과서

(4)

1

Cultural Differences in Gestures

2

Gestures are different across cultures.

3

A gesture can mean one thing in one culture but something different in another.

4

For example, in North America and Europe, people prefer eye contact.

5

But in some Asian countries, direct eye contact is not polite.

6

One of the most famous examples of cultural differences having to do with gestures is the V sign.

7

Winston Churchill often used this hand gesture for victory during World War II.

8

Yet this hand gesture brought trouble for George Bush when he visited Australia in 1992.

9

President Bush made a V sign towards the crowd, and people there looked surprised.

10

He later found that his V sign means something different to Australians.

11

The correct way is to face the palm towards the crowd.

12

However, he gave the sign with the back of his hand towards the crowd.

13

The V sign means something different if you have the back of your hand facing the person, not only in Australia but also in England, Ireland, and New Zealand.

14

Below is a list of different gestures people use all over the world.

15

Learn them, and feel freer when you use them

p.26~27

실력

쑥쑥

p.24~25

기본

튼튼

1

Cultural Differences

2

across cultures

3

something different

4

For example

5

is not polite

6

the most famous

7

often used

8

when he visited

9

looked surprised

10

later found

11

is to face

12

with, towards

13

not only, but also

14

people use

15

feel freer

16

OK Gesture

17

everything is OK

18

nothing, of no value

19

Finger Curling

20

by curling

21

such as

22

In Singapore

23

Thumbs Up

24

positive gesture

25

not, at all

26

Similarly

27

Finger Spinning

28

is known as

29

you have

30

Nodding

31

in many countries

32

parts of

33

Touching

34

To say sorry

35

touching, is rude

with foreigners.

16

OK Gesture

17

The OK gesture in the United States and England means everything is OK, well, or good.

18

In Latin America and France, it means nothing or of no value.

19

Finger Curling

20

Telling someone to come to you by curling your index finger is allowed in the United States and England.

21

This gesture is rude in many Asian countries, such as Japan and Korea.

22

In Singapore, this gesture means death.

23

Thumbs Up

24

Thumbs up is a positive gesture in the United States.

25

In Nigeria, the thumbs up gesture is not positive at all.

26

Similarly, in Australia, it does not have a positive meaning.

27

Finger Spinning

28

Spinning your finger around your ear is known as the “you’re crazy” sign in the United States and in some other countries.

29

But in Argentina, it means “you have a phone call!”

30

Nodding

31

Nodding your head is a positive or yes gesture in many countries.

32

In Bulgaria, Greece and parts of the Middle East, it means “no.”

33

Touching Someones Shoulder

34

To say sorry in India, people touch someone’s shoulder and then touch their own forehead.

35

But touching someone’s shoulder is rude in some Asian countries.

1

plant, 식물

2

president, 회장, 대통령

3

upset, 화가

4

mean, 의미하다

5

communication, 의사소통

6

direct, 직접의, 똑바른

7

soon,

8

positive, 긍정적인

9

contact, 접촉

10

secret, 비밀, 기밀

11

difference, 차이점

12

thumb, 엄지손가락

13

spin, 돌다, 돌리다

14

round, 둥근, 원형의

15

crowd, 군중

16

correct, 올바른

17

face, 얼굴

18

practice, 연습하다

19

palm, 손바닥

20

rude, 무례한

21

curl, 말다

22

similarly, 유사하게

만점

도전 word p.28

(5)

Lesson 1. Cultural Differences in Gestures

05 1

A gesture can mean one thing in one culture but

something different in another.

2

But in some Asian countries, direct eye contact is not polite.

3

One of the most famous examples of cultural differences having to do with gestures is the V sign.

4

Winston Churchill often used this hand gesture for victory during World War II.

5

Yet this hand gesture brought trouble for George Bush when he visited Australia in 1992.

6

President Bush made a V sign towards the crowd, and people there looked surprised.

7

He later found that his V sign means something different to Australians.

8

The correct way is to face the palm towards the crowd.

9

Below is a list of different gestures people use all over the world.

10

This gesture is rude in many Asian countries, such as Japan and Korea.

11

In Nigeria, the thumbs up gesture is not positive at all.

12

Similarly, in Australia, it does not have a positive meaning.

13

Nodding[To nod] your head is a positive or “yes” gesture in many countries.

14

To say sorry in India, people touch someone’s shoulder and then touch their own forehead.

15

But touching someone’s shoulder is rude in some Asian countries.

만점

도전 Reading p.29

1

2

3

만점

도전 Word·Reading p.30

1

① <one of+

최상급

+

복수명사

>

로쓰여야하므로

example

대 신

examples

가쓰여야한다

.

2

앞의

something

을수식하는형용사가와야하므로

different

가올바르다

.

3 (A) <something+

형용사

>

표현으로문맥상

“V

표시는보는 사람에게손등을보이게했을경우

.

사람들에게다른뜻을의미 한다

가알맞다

. (B)

문맥상능동형으로

향하는

의의미를나타 내는 현재분사가와야 한다

. meaning

의미하다

의뜻이다

. (C)

글의흐름상

더편하게느낄것이다

라는뜻이되어야하 므로

free

가비교급인

freer

이알맞다

. farther

far(

)

의비 교급이다

.

Writing Task Step 3 the same gesture / If she is

Writing Activity Blue A

nine times brighter than / a lot of / At the end of

Reading Activity Yellow B

Same here / already, something to eat / not hungry yet

Reading Activity Blue B

can be used / One of / was very surprised / was good at / turned red

Check Up B

sleep well / Weren’t you surprised / For five years / made it

Check-up구석구석 p.31

교과서

기출 문제

● 어휘

01 negative 02 03 04 05 06 My sister gets along well with everybody.

07 He wasn’t surprised at all.

08 He is known as a famous singer.

09 If you want to be good at something in life, you must practice hard

10

11

● 의사소통

01 wonder if[whether] 02 Weren’t you surprised 03 wonder why 04 05 06 Are, surprised 07 wondering 08 09

10

11

나미가영어

수업때는활발하다는것

12

No, I wasnt.

13

● 문법

01 to travel 02 watches 03 leaves 04 teaches 05 06 I went to the park to jog. 07 Her goal is to jog for 30 minutes. 08 09 works

10

catches

11

is

12

The most important thing is to love each other.

13

14

15

means

16

is

● 독해

01 02 (d)irect 03 04 05 spinning 06 07주위에서손가락을돌리는 08 09

10

11

문제를일으키다

12

to join the soccer club

13

p.32~37 영역별 유형

● 어휘

01 반의어관계이다

. positive:

긍정적인

02 생각이나감정을표현하는것을돕거나강조하기위한손이나몸 의동작

03

crowd:

군중

;

가득메우다

(6)

04

direct

직접적인

;

감독하다 05

go for a walk (= stroll)

산책하다 06

get along well with ~

와잘지내다 07

not ~ at all

전혀

~

아닌

08 be known as ~로알려져있다 09

be good at ~

을잘하다

10 as soon as ~

하자마자

11 turn off (

불등을

)

끄다

, electric devices

전기장치

● 의사소통

01

I wonder ~

는어떤사실에대한궁금증을나타낸다

.

02

Weren’t you surprised?

“~

에대해서놀라지않았니

?”

의뜻 으로놀람을나타낸다

.

03

I wonder why ~.

‘~

한이유가궁금하다

는뜻으로궁금증을 나타낸다

.

04

Weren’t you surprised?

“~

에대해서놀라지않았니

?”

의 뜻으로놀람여부를물을때쓰는표현이다

.

05

당신이금메달을딴것을알고놀랐나요

?’

라는과거의일에대 한놀람여부를묻는말에

다음에더잘하겠습니다

.’

라는미래 의의지를나타내는대답은적절하지않다

.

놀람여부를말하는 것이적절하다

.

06

surprise

놀라게 하다

의뜻이며

, <be

동사

+surprised>

‘~

에의해놀라다

의의미를나타낸다

.

07

I am wondering ~.

은어떤사실에대한궁금증을나타낼때 사용하는표현이다

.

08

What a surprise!

는놀람을나타내며

, I’m so surprised!

로 바꾸어쓸수있다

.

09

(c)

어떻게도와드릴까요

? - (b)

중국코너가어디인지궁금 해요

. - (d)

왼쪽에있어요

. - (a)

,

저기요

.

고맙습니다

. 10

여자의 두번째 말에서그녀는항상조용했다는말이 나오므로

조용한나미가웅변 대회의우승자라는것은

놀라운

사실임을 알수있다

.

11

that

은앞문장의

she is active in English class

를가리킨다

. 12

다음문장에서

Tim

이잘할줄알았다는

B

의말로보아

Tim

대회에서이긴것이놀랍지않다는대답이와야한다

.

13

대화의전후문장의내용으로보아빈칸에는

어떻게그자신을 개선할수있었는지가궁금하다

는내용이이어져야알맞다

.

● 문법

01 주어를보충설명하는보어가필요하므로동사의형태를

to

부정 사로나타내야한다

.

02~ 04. 일반적인사실이나진리는현재시제로나타낸다

.

왕래발착 을나타내는

leave

미래를나타내는부사

,

부사구와함께사용 되어현재시제의형태로미래의동작이나상태를나타낸다

.

05 주어진 문장의

to use

to see

to

부정사의명사적

법으로문장내에서보어역할을한다

.

06

‘~

하러

, ~

하기위해서

의뜻을 나타내는

to

부정사의부사적 용 법이다

.

07

to

부정사가주격보어의역할로쓰였다

08 현재의 사실

,

상황

,

습관

,

불변의 진리 등은 현재 시제를 쓰

,

과거에 있었던일은 과거시제로 나타낸다

. (moved →

moves)

09 현재의사실

10

속담등을표현할때는현재시제로쓴다

.

11

조건

의부사절에서는현재시제로미래의일을나타낸다

. 12

The most important thing

을주어

, is

를동사

, to love each

other

를보어자리에놓는다

.

13 to

부정사는명사처럼쓰여서문장에서보어역할을할수있다

. (be

동사의보어역할

)

, ‘be+to

부정사

의형태로서

예정

,

의 무

,

가능

,

운명

,

의도

를나타내는형용사적용법과혼동하지않 도록주의한다

. ②

너는그숙제를마쳐야한다

. <

의무

>

14

현재의 사실

,

상황

,

습관

,

불변의 진리등은 현재 시제를쓰며

,

역사적사실은과거로나타낸다

. (comes → came)

15~16

일반적인사실이나진리는현재시제로쓴다

.

● 독해

01

one ~, another ...

하나는

~,

또다른하나는

…’

의뜻을나 타낸다

.

02 글의흐름상

똑바로 시선을 마주치는것은 예의 바르지 못하 다

의내용이와야자연스러운문장이된다

.

03 유럽에서는사람들이시선마주치는것을좋아한다

.

04 내용상

같은제스처도문화가다르면다른의미를나타낸다

는 내용이자연스럽다

.

05 현재진행형은

<be+–ing>

로나타낸다

.

06 빈칸앞뒤의서로다른내용으로보아

However

가알맞다

.

07

it

은앞문장의

spinning her finger around her ear

를가리

킨다

.

08 내용상

에는

V

표시가다른뜻이다라는말이알맞다

. ⓑ

에는

palm

과반대의단어가와야한다

.

09

①, ②, ③, ⑤

는주격보어

(

명사적용법

)

로쓰인

to

부정사이고

,

는형용사적용법으로쓰인

to

부정사이다

.

10

오스트레일리아에서는승리를나타내는

V

표시를할때는손바 닥을사람들에게보여야한다

.

11 bring trouble

문제를일으키다

12 it

은축구동아리에가입하는것을가리킨다

.

13

잉글랜드에서는자신의코를두드리는동작은

나는 너하고말 하고싶지않아

의의미를나타낸다

.

(7)

Lesson 1. Cultural Differences in Gestures

07

01 사람의손중에서짧고두꺼운첫번째손가락

:

엄지손가락

02 소셜네트워킹웹사이트들을통해 여러분은사람들과언제

,

어 디서든

접촉

할수있다

. (

접촉하다

: contact)

03 difference: 차이점

,

변화 04 get along with: ~와잘지내다

05 B의대답

“Jenny

에게전화해보는것이어떠니

?”

에대한알맞 은말은

나는

Jenny

가괜찮은지궁금하다

가알맞다

.

06 ⑤는놀랄것이라는미래의내용을말하고있고

,

나머지는상대

방이놀랐는지를묻는표현이다

.

07 Weren’t you surprised?

“~

에대해서놀라지않았니

?”

의 뜻으로대답은

Yes, No

를사용하여대답한다

.

08 여자가수호가매우아프다고생각했는데학교에돌아왔다는이 야기를듣고 이를확인하고 있으므로

넌놀라지않았니

?’

하는 말이알맞다

.

09 seem: ~처럼보이다

, much better:

훨씬나은

10

여자는수호가매우아프다고생각했다

.

11

빈칸뒤에식물을기르는방법에대한 내용이이어지므로식물 을잘기르는법을묻는말이알맞다

.

12

여자는남자와대화하는것이아니라

,

식물과매일대화를한다

. 13

일반적인사실이나정의를나타낼때는현재시제를사용한다

. 14 ④

목적

to

부정사의부사적용법으로쓰였고

,

나머지는보

어로쓰인

to

부정사의명사적용법이다

.

15

일반적인사실에해당하므로복수현재형동사

are

가알맞다

. 16

발견한것은과거의일이므로과거형동사를사용해야한다

. 17 ⓐ

는단순한과거이므로 과거형동사를써야 한다

. ⓒ

다음

that

절의내용이일반적인진리이므로현재시제를쓴다

.

18 to

부정사의명사적용법으로서문장에서

be

동사의보어로사용 되었다

.

19

미나가식당에가서 음식을먹자고 한말에

No, thanks.

라고 답했으므로

나는아직배고프지않다

라는말이와야자연스럽다

. 20 ④ -thing

으로끝나는말은

to

부정사가뒤에서수식한다

. 21 ⓐ

에는관계대명사

that, ⓒ

에는접속사

that

이생략되었다

. 22 them

different gestures

를가리킨다

.

23

라틴아메리카에서는

OK

제스처가

아무것도아니다

라는 뜻 이다

.

24

빈칸앞뒤의내용이

엄지손가락들기는긍정적인의미를가지 우리 학교!

기출문제

01 (t)humb 02 03 04 get along 05 06 07 08 09 It seems (that) he is much better now.

10

11

12

13

means

14

15

16

17

18

Her goal is to pass the university entrance exam.

19

20

21

22

다른제스처들

23

24

25

p.38~41

단원별 지않는다

라는비슷한내용이므로

Similarly(

유사하게

)

가알

맞다

.

25

오스트레일리아에서는 엄지손가락을 드는것은 부정적인뜻을 의미한다

.

예상문제 ❶

우리 학교!

단원별

01 different 02 03 04 nodding ones head 05 06 07 08 09

10

11

A little

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

such as

20

21

22

23

24

brighter

25

p.42~45

01

happy(

기쁜

)

upset (

화가 난

)

은 반의어 관계이므로

similar(

유사한

)

의반의어인

different(

다른

)

가와야한다

.

02 그화학물질들과그장애들간의

직접적인

관련은아직없다

.

03

rude:

무례한

,

거친

04

nod one’s head:

고개를끄덕이다

05

I wonder why ~

나는

~

이궁금해

의뜻으로궁금증을나 타낼때말하는표현이다

.

06 ①, ②, ③, ⑤는컴퓨터를어디에서산것인지를궁금해하는 표현이고

, ④

는컴퓨터를산것에대한놀라움을나타내는표현 이다

.

07 중국코너가어디에있는지묻는말에

왼쪽에있어요

하고대 답을하고있으므로

감사를나타내는말이와야한다

.

08

빈칸앞부분에서여자가아직도흥분상태냐고물은

,

남자는

여자에게

너는

Blue Birds

팀이우승을사실이

놀랍지 느냐

고물어봤을것이라고추측할수있다

.

09 (A) 뒤에완전한문장이오므로동사

thought

의목적절을이 끄는접속사

that

이적절하다

. what:

주어를포함한관계대명 사

(B)

뒤에

five years

라는기간이나오므로

‘~

동안

이라는 의미의

for

가적절하다

. since+

시작시점

(C)

앞의문장이긍정

(are)

문이므로부가의문문은부정

(aren’t)

형이적절하다

. 10 ④ →

남자는항상

Blue Birds

팀의경기를지켜보았다

. 11 A little

조금

,

약간

의뜻이고

, little

거의없는

의뜻을나

타낸다

.

12

앞문장에서

I wonder why ~(

나는

~

이궁금하다

)

의표현을 사용했으므로

,

이에대한대답은이유를나타내는표현이알맞다

. 13

대화의흐름상

Nara

OK

신호를준것이뭐가잘못된것인지

를모르고있고

, Kevin

OK

신호가프랑스에서는다른의미

를나타낸다고설명하고있으므로

가알맞다

.

14

현재의변하지않는 사실은현재시제를쓴다

. ① teaches → taught ② to not to → not to ④ was → is ⑤ play → to play[playing]

15

습관이나반복적인일을나타낼때는현재시제를사용한다

.

16

과학적인사실을나타내고있으므로현재시제로나타낸다

.

(8)

17

우리나라와일본같은아시아에서이제스처는무례한제스처이 므로첫번째글은

Finger Curling

관한글이알맞고

,

째글은몇몇아시아에서다른사람의어깨를만지는것은무례 하다고말하고있으므로

Touching Someone’s Shoulder

에 관한글이알맞다

.

18 index finger

검지

의뜻을나타낸다

19 such as: ~

와같은

20

인도에서는사과하기위해서상대방의어깨를만진 자기 신의이마를만진다

.

21

아래내용에따르면

V

표를잘못해서오스트레일리아사람들이 놀랐으므로내용상

bring trouble(

문제를일으키다

)

이알맞다

. 22 However

로시작하는문장의의미가

Bush

는군중에게

손등

(back of his hand)’

을내밀었다는말이므로빈칸에는손등의 반대인

손바닥

(palm)’

이들어가는것이가장적절하다

. 23 Bush

오스트레일리아에서

V

표시로곤경에처한이후로

과했다는내용은언급되지않았으므로대답할수없는질문이다

. 24 ~

배수사

+

비교급

+than ... : …

보다

~

배더

25

다음과학시간에는태양과달에관한영상을볼예정이다

.

01

energetic:

활발한

,

적극적인

(= active)

02

spin:

회전하다

,

회전

03

a bit of:

약간

04

stop –ing: ~

하는것을멈추다

05 윤서가

K-pop

콘테스트에서

1

등을했다는말에대한응답으로 는놀라움또는축하등을나타내는표현이오는것이적절하다

.

06 나머지는상대방에게왜놀랐는지를묻는말이고

너는어

떻게그들을놀라게했니

?”

의뜻이다

.

07

매일운동하고인스턴트음식은먹지말라며명령문으로조언하 고있으므로빈칸에는건강해지는방법에대해궁금하다는말이 가장적절하다

.

08 ⓐ 앞문장의

why he was so upset

에서빈칸에는부정적인 단어가오는것이적절함을알수있다

. ⓑ What was wrong?

뭐가잘못된거야

?

09

it

은앞문장의

an OK sign

을가리킨다

10 ④ → Kevin

자신이잘못된제스처를취해서그가화가났음

을안다

.

11 Kevin

이경주에서이겨서놀랍지않느냐는말에놀랍지않다며

예상문제 ❷

우리 학교!

단원별

01 02 03 04 stop 05 06 07 08 09 OK 신호

10

11

12

I water them regularly and talk to them every day.

13

14

15

16

17

surprising  surprised

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

그는달리기를잘못한다고말하는것은어색하다

. Yes. He is

not a good runner.[No. He is a good runner.]

로고치는 것이적절하다

.

12 talk to ~: ~

에게말하다

/ every day:

매일

13 people

live

는능동관계이므로현재분사

(-ing)

를쓴다

. 14

발견한것은과거의일이므로과거형동사를사용해야한다

. 15 ③ to buy

는목적어 역할을하는 명사적 용법이고

,

나머지는

be

동사

is

의보어역할을한다

.

16 be

동사

was

의보어로올수있는 것은

to

부정사의형태가되 어야하므로

make

to make

고쳐쓰거나

making

와야 한다

.

17 look+

형용사

: ~

하게보이다

/

사람의감정은과거분사형태로 나타낸다

.

18

손등이사람을향하는것이므로능동의의미인

facing

으로 써

야한다

.

19

글의문맥상

전세계에서사람들이사용하는다른제스처들의목록 을배우면외국인들에게사용할때더편안할것이다

.’

알맞다

. 20 Below

이하문장에서유추할수있다

.

21 ‘

몸짓언어는사람들간의의사소통을위해서사용될수있다

가 알맞다

.

22

문맥상

제스처는의사소통을위해사용될수있다

.

하지만사람 들간에문제를일으킬수있다

.’

는글과잉글랜드로이사간친 구지호의예를들어서설명하고있으므로

위치가알맞다

. 23 ②

지호가잉글랜드로언제이사를했는지는위글을통해알수

없다

.

24 of no value:

가치없는

(= valueless)

25 Telling someone to come to you by curling your index finger is allowed in the United States and England. (

미국이 나잉글랜드에서집게손가락을말아올려 누군가를오라고하는 것 은허용이된다

.)

보아

글의내용과일치하지않는다

.

서술형문제

나오는 시험에

01 (1) Are you surprised? / Does that surprise you? (2) I thought she was very shy. /

I thought she was bashful.

02 This hand gesture brought trouble for George Bush when he visited Australia in 1992.

03 The correct way is to face the palm towards the crowd.

04 Touching someones shoulder is rude in some Asian countries.

05 In Nigeria, the thumbs up gesture is not positive at all.

06 Below is a list of different gestures people use all over the world.

p.50~51 p.46~49

(9)

01

(1) “

넌놀랐니

?”

Are[Aren’t] you surprised? / Does that surprise you?

등으로나타낸다

.

(2) ‘

수줍어하다

shy / bashful

등으로표현한다

.

02 과거의사실이므로과거시제로나타낸다

.

03

be

동사를설명하는보어가와야하므로

to

부정사를사용한다

.

04 주어가동명사구

(Touching someone’s shoulder)

로단수이

므로

be

동사의단수형을사용한다

.

일반적사실이므로현재시제 를쓴다

.

05

not ~ at all:

전혀

~

하지않은

06 주어가

a list of different gestures

로단수이다

.

07

~ times +

비교급

+ than ...: ~

배더

08

across cultures:

전문화마다

09 one ~ , another …: 하나는

~

이고다른하나는

/ something

은형용사앞에서수식을한다

.

10 give the sign

표시를하다

/ towards ~

의쪽을향하여

11 feel freer:

더편하게느끼다

12 thumbs up:

엄지손가락들기

/ positive:

긍정적인

13 nod one’s head:

고개를끄덕이다

14 touch one’s shoulder:

어깨를만지다

/ forehead:

이마

15

현재분사는

<

동사

+-ing>

형식으로 능동의 의미를 나타내

,

과거분사는

<be+-ed>

형식으로수동의 의미를나타낸다

. (surprising → surprised)

07 He told us that a full moon is nine times brighter than a half moon.

08 Gestures are different across cultures.

09 A gesture can mean one thing in one culture but something different in another.

10

However, he gave the sign with the back of his hand towards the crowd.

11

Learn them, and feel freer when you use them with foreigners.

12

Thumbs up is a positive gesture in the United States.

13

Nodding your head is a yes gesture in many countries.

14

People touch someone’s shoulder and then touch their own forehead.

15

It is his habit when he gets very surprised.

01

(1)

먹기싫은음식이나먹기싫어하는이유에대한대답이와야 한다

.

02 각자가놀란상황에대한알맞은표현을써서대답해야한다

.

03

(1)

겨울방학계획을묻는질문에알맞은답이와야한다

.

(2)

새해의목표에대한대답이와야한다

.

(1), (2)

둘다

to

부정사를사용한다

.

서술형문제

최고

01 [모범답안]

(1) I dont like to eat curry and rice.

(2) I don’t like to eat a cucumber.

(3) I hate spicy food.

02 [모범답안]

(1) Yes, I was very surprised. / Yes, a little.

(2) No, I wasnt surprised.

(3) Yes, I was very astonished. 등

03 [모범답안]

(1) My plan is to learn skiing. /

My plan is to visit my grandmother in England. (2) My goal is to pass the entrance exam. /

My goal is to master the guitar. 난이도 p.52

Lesson 1. Cultural Differences in Gestures

09

(10)

1

boring

2

independent

3

parrots

4

throat

5

can’t, any more

6

is about to

7

make noise

8

pay attention to

9

take care of

10

prefer

11

backpacks

12

expensive

13

slapped

14

Instead

실력

쑥쑥 p.56

1

attention

2

friendly

3

mind

4

5

6

7

Mina warmed up the pizza.

8

You must turn off the light at midnight.

9

Those people make noise day and night.

10

My best friend slapped my back when he met me at the park.

만점

도전 p.57

1

가지고오다

2

앵무새

3

교과서

4

따뜻한

5

해변

6

밝은

7

무대, 단계

8

~와달리

9

주목

10

배낭

11

~처럼보이다

12

선호하다

13

비싼

14

대신에

15

이유

16

꺼리다

17

때리다

18

독립적인

19

체육관

20

끄다

21

~하려하다

22

주목을하다

23

~을잘하다

24

이상 ~하지않다

1

swallow

2

always

3

really

4

wave

5

day care

6

favorite

7

need

8

noise

9

stair

10

eagle

11

unlike

12

dining room

13

cage

14

unfortunately

15

friendly

16

boring

17

also

18

lake

19

throat

20

take care of

21

make noise

22

as soon as

23

get up

24

warm up

Lesson

2 Willie the Parrot Saved a Life

Words & Expressions

교과서

기본

튼튼 p.55

1 (1), (2). Do you agree that ~?

that

이하의내용에대한 상대방의동의여부를물을 때사용하는표현이다

.

이에 한대답은보통

Yes, I agree.

No, I disagree.

등으로 한다

.

(3) Which ~ do you like better, A or B? “A

B

중에서 어느것을더좋아하니

?”

1

(1) Do you agree (2) No, disagree (3) do you like better (4) prefer, to

2

Do you agree that / Yes, agree

3

(1) Do you agree that we should keep our hair short? (2) Which subject do you like better, English or math[math or English]? (3) I prefer the park to the beach. / I prefer the beach to the park.

4

disagree / prefer

5

6

7

place

8

실력

쑥쑥 p.62~63

Conversation

교과서

1

Do you agree / agree

2

Do you agree / dont think so / good too

3

should keep / What do you think / not sure, mind

4

would you agree / can focus on studying

5

Look at / look, nice / do you like better / prefer

6

Why dont we / Can we go / Lets go

7

where to start / Which subject, better / like, better / why don’t you

기본

튼튼 Step 1 p.59

A

1

any ideas

2

Why dont we

3

Which, like better

4

prefer

5

How can

6

looking for

7

sell well

8

prefer

9

do you agree

10

wearing, is

11

What do you

12

don’t have to

내신만점

무 | 한 | 도 | 전 (C) – (A) – (D) – (B)

B

1

make better

2

think so

3

Why not

4

more loving

5

prefer, to

6

Why is

7

more friendly

8

a lot of

9

dont mind

10

Whats up

11

any more

12

still need

내신만점

무 | 한 | 도 | 전 (D) – (C) – (A) – (B)

p.60~61

기본

튼튼 Step 2

(11)

(4) prefer A to B

‘B

보다

A

를더좋아하다

는뜻을나타낸다

. 2 Do you agree that ~?

that

이하의내용에대한상대방의동 의여부를물을때사용하는표현이다

.

이에대한긍정대답은보 통

Yes, I agree.

로한다

.

3 (1) Do you agree that ~? “

너는

~

에대하여동의하니

?”

(2) Which ~ do you like better, A or B? “A

B

중에서 어느것을더좋아하니

?”

(3) prefer A to B: B

보다

A

를더좋아하다

4

No, I don’t think so.

는상대방의 의견에 동의하지 않는다 는뜻으로

, No, I disagree with you.

와같은뜻이다

. like ~ better

‘~

을더좋아한다

는뜻으로

prefer

와같은뜻이다

. 5

을제외하고는나머지는모두동의여부를나타낼때쓰는표

현이다

.

6 prefer A

대신

like A better

로바꾸어쓸수도있다

.

7

다음문장에서호수와동물원을고르는말이이어지므로

장소

를뜻하는말이알맞다

.

8

Which ~ do you like better, A or B? “A

B

중에서어느 것을더좋아하니

?”

의뜻으로보통

prefer A to B

로대답한다

.

A seem to ~

“~

처럼보이다

의의미로

「It seems that

주어

+

동사

로바꾸어쓸수있다

.

B 〈too+

형용사

+to

동사원형

구문은

〈so ~ that+

주어

+can’t+

동사원형

…〉, 〈too ~, so+

주어

+can’t 〉

의구문과같은의미를 나타낸다

.

C seem to ~

‘~

처럼보이다

의의미로

「It seems that

주어

+

동사

로바꾸어쓸수있다

.

D <

숫자

+

단위

+

형용사

>

가함께형용사로쓰일때는단위를나타 내는수사는단수로쓰인다

.

Grammar

교과서

A

1

He seems to be ill.

2

My sister seems to study hard.

3

The cat seems to be hungry.

B

1

too, so / too, to

2

so, that, cant / so

C

seemed to know, everything D

two-years-old two-year-old

기본

튼튼

Lesson 2. Willie the Parrot Saved a Life

11

p.65

1

so ~ that+

주어

+can’t(couldn’t)+

동사원형

(

너무

~

해서

할 수없다

)

2~ 4 <so ~ that+

주어

+can’t(couldn’t)+

동사원형

>

은주어가일 치하지않을 경우

<too+

형용사

+(for+

목적격

)+to

동사원형

>

의 구문으로바꾸어쓸수있다

.

5

주어

+seem+to

부정사

「It seems+that

로바꾸어쓸수 있다

. that

절의주어와동사의수와시제를일치시켜야한다

. 6 so ~ that+

주어

+can’t(couldn’t)+

동사원형

… = too ~ to ...

(

너무

~

해서

할수없다

) 7 It seems+that

: ~

처럼보인다

8

주어

+ seems+(to be)

명사

: ~

처럼보인다

/ to be

가생략되었 다

.

9 so ~ that+

주어

+can’t:

너무

~

해서

할수없다

10 too ~ to ... (

너무

~

해서

할수없다

)

11 too ~ to ... = so ~ that+

주어

+can’t:

너무

~

해서

할수없 다

12 Kevin is so nice that he couldn’t (

혹은

can’t) refuse it.

이옳은문장이다

.

1

so, that, couldnt

2

too, for him, carry

3

too, for me to

4

too, for me to

5

6

It was so dark that I couldnt see my hand before me.

7

It seems that there are some mistakes in your report.

8

Gangwondo seems a good place for a summer vacation.

9

The rescue team arrived so late that they couldnt save the man.

10

I was too busy to play badminton with my brother.

11

12

실력

쑥쑥 p.66~67

확인문제

아하!

1

T

2

T

3

F

4

F 확인문제

아하!

1

F

2

F

3

F

4

T

5

T 확인문제

아하!

1

F

2

T

3

T

4

F

5

T

Reading p.68~70

교과서

(12)

1

always, 항상

2

beach, 해변

3

bring, 가지고오다

4

bright, 밝은

5

friendly, 친근한

6

gym, 체육관

7

eagle, 독수리

8

backpack, 배낭

9

textbook, 교과서

10

mind, 꺼리다

11

throat, 목구멍

12

need, 필요로하다

13

prefer, 선호하다

14

stairs, 계단

15

slap, 때리다

16

shout, 소리치다

17

lake, 호수

18

independent, 독립적인

19

expensive, 비싼

만점

도전 p.76

1

Willie the Parrot Saved a Life!

2

Willie is an 11-month-old parrot.

3

Like many other parrots, he is very good at repeating people’s words.

4

He can say, Come here and I want out.

5

But unlike most parrots, Willie has a really interesting story.

6

He said a new word and saved a life.

7

One day, Meagan visited her sister, Samantha, and took care of Samanthas two-year-old daughter, Hannah.

8

The apartment was warm and bright.

9

Willie stayed quiet in his cage in a corner of the living room.

10

After Samantha left for work, Meagan warmed up a slice of bread for Hannah and put it on the dining room table.

11

Because the bread was too hot to eat, the baby went to the living room and watched television.

12

Meagan went to the bathroom because Hannah seemed to be all right.

13

Seconds later, Willie began to make a loud noise in his cage.

14

He was waving his wings and cried, “Mama, baby!

Mama, baby!”

15

Meagan ran into the living room.

16

She saw Hannah’s face turn blue.

17

The baby couldn’t swallow the bread!

18

Willie kept crying, “Mama, baby!”

19

Meagan slapped Hannah’s back and luckily the food came out from her throat.

20

“As soon as I began to help Hannah, Willie stopped crying out.

p.74~75

실력

쑥쑥

p.72~73

기본

튼튼

1

Saved

2

month, old

3

Like many other

4

Come here

5

unlike most

6

said, saved

7

took care of

8

warm, bright

9

in a corner of

10

After, left for

11

too hot to

12

seemed to be

13

began to make

14

was waving

15

ran into

16

turn blue

17

couldn’t swallow

18

kept crying

19

came out

20

As soon as

21

seemed to know

22

paid attention to

23

talks a lot

24

on his own

25

favorite friend

26

As soon as, uncovered

27

when, runs to

28

everything to

21

He seemed to know that everything was fine,”

Meagan said.

22

“Willie called me Mama, so I paid attention to him.

23

He’s loud and talks a lot.

24

But it’s really surprising that he added the word baby on his own.”

25

Now Willie is Hannah’s favorite friend.

26

“As soon as she gets up in the morning, Hannah wants his cage uncovered,” says Samantha.

27

“And when she comes home from the day care in the afternoon, she runs to him.

28

Willie is everything to us.”

word

1

Willie is an 11-month-old parrot.

2

Like many other parrots, he is very good at repeating people’s words.

3

But unlike most parrots, Willie has a really interesting story.

4

Willie stayed quiet in his cage in a corner of the living room.

5

Because the bread was too hot to eat, the baby went to the living room and watched television.

6

Meagan went to the bathroom because Hannah seemed to be all right.

7

The baby couldn’t swallow the bread!

8

Willie kept crying, Mama, baby!

9

Meagan slapped Hannah’s back and luckily the food came out from her throat.

10

As soon as I began to help Hannah, Willie stopped crying out.

11

“He seemed to know that everything was fine,”

Meagan said.

12

Willie called me Mama, so I paid attention to him.

13

But it’s really surprising that he added the word

만점

도전 Reading p.77

(13)

baby on his own.

14

“As soon as she gets up in the morning, Hannah wants his cage uncovered,” says Samantha.

1

2

3

만점

도전 Word·Reading p.78

1 ③ be good at

다음에는동명사인

repeating

와야한다

. 2 ④ 「too+

형용사

+to

부정사

」 (

너무

~

해서

없다

)

문장이

되어야하므로

to eat

되어야한다

.

3 (A) slap

때리다

, snap

물다

;

부러뜨리다

(B)

내용상

모든 이괜찮다

라는뜻이되어야하므로

everything

알맞다

. (C)

내용상앵무새가 새로운어휘를더한 것은

놀라운

일이므로

surprising

알맞다

. satisfying

만족스러운

이란 의미이 다

.

Reading Activity – Blue B

who liked , was about to, are, doing, looked back, saw

Writing Activity – Blue A

from the beginning First of all too busy to fix

Writing Activity – Blue B in front of so that seems to be

Check Up A

Look at / Why dont you / Sounds good / How about / do you prefer

Check-up구석구석 p.79

교과서

기출 문제

● 어휘

01 dependent 02 03 04 05 06 as soon as 07 make noise

08 pay attention to 09 turn off

● 의사소통

01 prefer, to 02 Do you agree, wear 03 04 05 Which do you prefer 06 Do you agree 07 08 (c) - (a) - (d) - (b) 09

10

jacket

11

12

on

● 문법

01 seem to 02 too, to 03 too, to 04 too, to 05 06 The movie was so boring that we couldnt watch it. 07 The cat seems to be hungry. 08

p.80~85 영역별 유형

09 was so dark that I couldnt finish my report

10

so exhausted that he couldn’t go hiking on Saturday

11

12

13

● 독해01 02사람들의말을따라하는것을아주한다.

03 04 slapped Hannahs back. 05 06 07 08 it seemed that, was 09

10

목숨을구하다

11

looked after

12

● 어휘

01 반의어관계이다

. dependent:

의존적인 02 사람이나동물의입뒤로연결된통로 03

wave:

파도

,

손을흔들다

04

attention:

관심

,

주의

05

take care of: ~

를돌보다

(= tend)

06

as soon as: ~

하자마자

07

make noise:

소음을내다

,

시끄럽게하다 08

pay attention to: ~

에주목을하다 09

turn off:

끄다

● 의사소통

01

prefer A to B

‘B

보다

A

를더좋아하다

는뜻을나타낸다

.

02~ 03 Do you agree that ~?

that

이하의내용에대한상대방

의동의여부를물을때사용하는표현이다

.

04

에서

넌고양이가더나은동물이라는것에동의하니

?”

라는 뜻으로 상대방의동의를 묻는 표현이므로

,

응답으로는동의나 반대를나타내는표현을사용해야한다

.

05 대화의 흐름상상대방의선호 여부를묻는표현이와야하므로

Which do you prefer ~?

가알맞다

.

06 대화의흐름상상대방의동의여부를묻는표현인

Do you agree

~?

가알맞다

.

07 상대방 의견에동의하는표현이아닌 것을찾는다

. I couldn’t agree more.

전적으로동의해

.”

의의미를나타낸다

.

08

(c)

무엇을도와드릴까요

? – (a)

저는런닝화를찾고있어요

. –

(d)

저희는갈색과파란색두가지색깔이있어요

.

둘다잘팔려 요

.

어떤것을더좋아하세요

? – (b)

,

저는갈색이더좋아요

.

09

like better

좋아하다

의뜻으로

prefer

바꾸어

있다

.

10 one

은첫문장의

jacket

을가리킨다

.

11

교복이불편하다고생각한다

고했으므로

,

대화의흐름상빈칸 에는반대를나타내는말이와야한다

.

12 spend A on B: B

A

를쓰다

[

소비하다

]

● 문법

01

seem to ~

‘~

처럼보이다

의의미로

「It seems that

주어

+

동사

로바꾸어쓸수있다

.

02~ 04.

<too+

형용사

+to

동사원형

>

구문은

너무

~

해서

Lesson 2. Willie the Parrot Saved a Life

13

Figure

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References

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