상단 PDF A Study on the Physical Health Status, Depression and Health Behaviors of the Elderly

The relationships among the physical competence, subjective health status, and health promoting behavior of elderly participating in health activity program

The relationships among the physical competence, subjective health status, and health promoting behavior of elderly participating in health activity program

3 days a week 51 24.6 more than 4 days a week 61 29.5 이상의 방식은 노인복지관, 문화센터 등 관계자와 접 촉을 통해 연구의 취지를 설명하고, 충분한 협의를 거쳐 협조를 받아 이루어졌다. 이런 과정을 거쳐 근력과 유연 성 측정 및 설문조사에 응답한 노인들은 최종적으로 총 207명이었다. 이상의 과정은 보조연구원 5인의 도움을 받아 수행되었다. 조사대상자의 특성을 간략하게 살펴보 면, 성별은 남성 135명(65.2%) 여성 72명(34.8%)으로 나 타났고, 평균연령은 68.88세, 운동기간은 12개월 미만이 91명(44.0%), 12-36개월 미만 60명(29.0%), 36개월 이상 56명(27.1%)으로 분석되었다. 운동 빈도는 주 2회 미만 95명(45.9%), 주3회 51명(24.6%), 주4회 이상 61명 (29.5%)으로 나타났다.
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The Influence of depression and perceived health status on health promotion behavior of community dwelling frail elderly

The Influence of depression and perceived health status on health promotion behavior of community dwelling frail elderly

2 Department of Nursing, Kyungwoon University 3 Department of Nursing, Keimyung College University 요 약 본 연구는 지역사회 거주 허약 노인을 대상으로 우울, 주관적 건강상태, 건강증진행위 정도를 알아보고, 건강증진 행위에 영향을 미치는 요인을 확인하기 위해 시도되었다. 연구대상은 D지역 재가 방문 서비스를 받는 대상자 중 65세 이상의 허약 노인 164명이었으며, 2020년 1월부터 2월 21일까지 설문조사를 실시하였다. 분석방법은 SPSS/WIN 23.0 프로그램을 이용하여 연구대상자의 일반적 특징 분석, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA분석, Scheffe test 사후 검정, 상관관계 분석, 단계적 다중회귀분석(stepwise multiple regression)을 실시하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 우 울은 10.67점, 주관적 건강상태는 6.71점, 건강증진행위는 2.59점으로 나타났고, 건강증진 하위영역별 점수는 영양이 2.83점으로 가장 높았고, 스트레스 관리가 2.06점으로 가장 낮았다. 건강증진행위에 대한 우울은 유의한 음의 상관관계 가 있었으며, 주관적 건강상태는 양의 상관관계가 있었다. 대상자의 건강증진행위에 영향을 주는 요인은 연령, 교육수준, 우울로 나타났고 이 변인들은 건강증진행위를 73.6% 설명하였다. 본 연구를 통해 우울이 허약 노인의 건강증진행위에 영향을 미치는 요인임을 규명함으로써 허약 노인이 장애 노인으로 진행되는 것을 예방하기 위해 우울 중재가 포함된 다양한 프로그램 통한 허약 노인의 건강증진행위를 지속시키는 것이 중요할 것이다.
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A study Health problem and Perceived health status of the rural elderly

A study Health problem and Perceived health status of the rural elderly

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide a basic data that may help develop health promotion programs by identifying health problems and perceived health status of the rural elde[r]

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A study of the oral health status and the need of oral management of elderly

A study of the oral health status and the need of oral management of elderly

In the need of oral management with the partly artificial tooth, the participant who used longer artificial tooth was significantly higher about regular examination(p<.01), oral cavit[r]

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The relationship among the experiences of chronic diseases, dental health status, and the behaviors in the Korean elderly people

The relationship among the experiences of chronic diseases, dental health status, and the behaviors in the Korean elderly people

Objectives: This study aims to contribute to the prevention of dental diseases and health care in the elderly by investigating the relationship among the experiences of chronic diseases[r]

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Effects of elderly people's Frail prevention program on subjective health status, depression, physical fitness and quality of life for in Senior Center Participation of the Elderly

Effects of elderly people's Frail prevention program on subjective health status, depression, physical fitness and quality of life for in Senior Center Participation of the Elderly

Koung-Oh Chang Department of Nursing Science, Youngsan University 요 약 본 연구는 J시 보건소의 노인 허약 예방프로그램이 지역사회 경로당 이용 노인의 주관적 건강상태, 우울, 체력 및 삶의 질 에 미치는 효과를 검증하기 위한 비동등성 대조군 전․후 시차 설계를 이용한 유사실험연구이다. 프로그램에 참여한 대상자는 경로당을 이용하는 노인으로 총 43명으로 이 중 실험군 22명, 대조군 21명 이었으며, 연구기간은 2015년 9월 1일부 터 10월 16일까지 8주간, 주 2회 허약노인 예방프로그램을 운영하였다. 자료 분석은 SPSS/WIN 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 χ2-test와 t-test 등으로 분석하였다. 허약노인 예방프로그램 적용 후 주관적 건강상태(t=-0.35, p=.024), 우울(t=2.76, p=.035), 체력 중 오른손의 압력(t=-3.10, p=.004)과 허리 유연성(t=-2.13, p=.039) 그리고 삶의 질(t=4.36, p<.001)이 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났으며, 두 군 간에 통계적으로 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 지역사회 경로당을 이용하는 노인들을 위한 허약 예방프로그램이 노인들의 주관적 건강상태, 우울, 체력 및 삶의 질을 향상시킬 수 있는 유용한 간호중재 프로그램임을 확인 할 수 있었다.
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Relationship between perceived health status and health-related quality of life in the elderly: A focus on moderating effects of oral health

Relationship between perceived health status and health-related quality of life in the elderly: A focus on moderating effects of oral health

Objectives: This study aimed to validate the moderating effect of oral health on the relationship between perceived health status and health-related quality of life in the elderly and to use this information as primary data to suggest oral health policies for the aged society. Methods: This study included 3,707 subjects aged over 65 years who answered all the variables used in the study model and completed the health questionnaire and screening survey based on the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Baron & Kenny’s linear regression analysis using SPSS 22.0 and SPSS Macro Version 3.1 programs was performed to confirm the moderating effect of the number of remaining natural teeth, chewing difficulty, and cardiovascular disease on the relationship between perceived health status and health- related quality of life in the elderly. Results: The number of remaining natural teeth, chewing difficulties, and cardiovascular diseases affected the perceived health status of the elderly. As the number of remaining natural teeth increased, the effect of perceived health status on the quality of life in the elderly was buffered. The effect of perceived health status on the quality of life increased with chewing difficulties and the number of cardiovascular diseases. In particular, it was confirmed that chewing difficulties, rather than the number of cardiovascular diseases.
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The effect of social capital, health risk behavior and health status on medical care utilization by the elderly

The effect of social capital, health risk behavior and health status on medical care utilization by the elderly

를 사용하지 못하였다. 최근 수행되고 있는 연구들에서도 사회자본의 개념에 대한 논쟁 이 지속적으로 이루어지고 있으며(Berkman과 Kawachi, 2000), 연구자들이 사용하는 사회자본의 정의와 측정 방법이 다양하다는 역사적 제한점이 지적되고 있다(Cooper H, 1999). 따라서 보건의료 환경에 초점을 둔 사회자본 측정도구를 개발하여 그 영향 을 명확하게 검증 할 필요성이 있다. 또한 이 연구에서는 의료서비스 이용을 감소시키 는 사회자본의 효과가 긍정적인 것인지에 대한 사후평가가 이루어지지 못했다. 실제로 사회자본이 바람직한 의료이용을 증가시킬 수 있는 가능성이 존재함에도 불구하고, 이 러한 부문의 존재여부와 크기를 확인하지 못하였다. 따라서 사회자본 증가가 건강수준 의 향상, 건강위해 행위의 감소, 의료이용의 감소에 구체적으로 어떻게 영향을 미치는 지에 대해서는 미시적인 방법을 이용한 추가 분석을 할 필요가 있다. 한편, 노인의 의 료서비스 이용에 영향을 미치는 주요 요인인 건강증진 행위(운동 실천, 식습관 등)와 신체 기능 상태(일상생활 수행능력, 운동능력 등)는 한국복지패널 조사문항에 포함되지 않아 이 연구에서 고려하지 못했다는 제한점이 있다. 마지막으로 이 연구는 노인의 의 료서비스 이용에 대한 인과관계를 분석한 횡단면적적 연구(cross-sectional study)이 다. 그러나 주요 예측 변수인 소득, 가정 및 지역사회 내 사회자본, 건강위해 행위, 건 강 수준은 시간에 따라서 변화하는 변수이기 때문에 향후 패널자료가 축적되면 시간에 따른 예측요인의 영향을 검증하는 연구를 추가적으로 수행해야 할 것이다.
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The influences of dental health behaviors on the subjective dental health status and knowledge in some middle school students

The influences of dental health behaviors on the subjective dental health status and knowledge in some middle school students

Objectives: The purposes of this study were to comprehend the subjective dental health status and the level of dental health knowledge in some middle school students and to analyze the[r]

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The Effects of oral health behaviors of elderly on periodontal status (From the 2010 Korean National Examination Health and Nutrition survey)

The Effects of oral health behaviors of elderly on periodontal status (From the 2010 Korean National Examination Health and Nutrition survey)

노년기에 치아가 상실되면 저작능력이 저하되고 기능제 한이나 의치에 의한 통증과 같은 불편이 생길 수 있어 음 식의 선택범위가 좁아지며 식사의 양과 질이 떨어져 일상 생활이 무기력해져 건강유지가 어려워질 수 있고, 구강건 강에 문제가 발생되면, 특히 노인들에게 있어서는 통증과 고통, 먹는 것, 대화 및 심미적인 면까지 장애가 생기며 결과적으로 기능상실을 초래하고, 사회적인 문제와 자신 감 저하 등이 발생한다고 한다(Slade and Spencer, 1994).
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Influence of elderly drinkers' subjective health perception on the change in the trajectory of depression

Influence of elderly drinkers' subjective health perception on the change in the trajectory of depression

Abstract This study intends to examine how the subjective health perception of drinkers influences the depression trajectory change by using longitudinal data for elderly drinkers. This study has set up a balanced panel by combining the results from 『Aging study panel research』 conducted in the year 2006 (1st), 2008 (2nd), 2010 (3rd), 2012 (4th). A total of 543 elderly drinkers, who have responded to each research have been selected as targets for the final analysis. In the analyses, descriptive statistics and Latent Growth Modeling were conducted to examine the causal relationship between the observed and latent variables. The results are as follows: First, it was found that there was a negative correlation-with statistical significance-between the initial value of subjective health perception and the initial status of depression symptom. Second, there was a positive correlation between the initial value of subjective health perception and the changes of depression symptom. This indicates that elderly drinkers with high health perception usually have high degree of depression change; however, this does not mean it was statistically significant.
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A study on the correlation between self-perceived oral health status and periodontal diseases in elderly Koreans

A study on the correlation between self-perceived oral health status and periodontal diseases in elderly Koreans

ABSTRACT Objectives: The objective of the study was to review the correlation between self-perceived oral health status and periodontal diseases in elderly Koreans, using data from the 6 th (2nd year) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014). Methods: The subjects for this study were a total of 1,454 elderly people aged 65 years or older who responded to the health questionnaires of the 6 th (2nd year) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2014. Their general characteristics were analyzed using frequency analysis, while a cross-tabulation analysis (  2 -test) was performed to understand the correlation with periodontal diseases. To clarify any effect of self-perceived oral health status on periodontal diseases, the selected variables were controlled and subsequently analyzed according to the logistic regression analysis. Results: In terms of the difference between elderly people with periodontal disease and those without periodontal disease, higher prevalence rates of periodontal diseases were found in women, those of younger age, those with lower educational and income levels, those with poorer subjective oral health status, those in the presence of chewing discomfort, those who had a toothbrushing frequency of twice per day, and/or those who had received no oral examination over the previous one year. Regarding the effect of self-perceived oral health status on periodontal diseases, 1.78-fold and 1.74-fold higher prevalence rates of periodontal diseases were shown with poorer subjective oral health status and in the presence of chewing discomfort, respectively. Conclusions: Based upon the results above, it is considered that a better understanding of self-perceived oral health status is necessary for a healthy life of the elderly. Furthermore, constant relevant studies and effective prevention programs intended to moderate the progress of or prevent periodontal diseases in the elderly in communities should be performed and implemented for the sake of better quality of life and oral health.
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Oral health status of institutionalized elderly in Korea

Oral health status of institutionalized elderly in Korea

The aims of the current study were to investigate the oral health status of institutionalized elderly. Materials and methods: The survey of the oral health status was carried out on 487 [r]

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Association of sleep time, stress, and depression with the oral  health status of Korean adolescents

Association of sleep time, stress, and depression with the oral health status of Korean adolescents

5. 정신건강이 구강건강 상태에 미치는 영향 정신건강 상태가 구강건강 상태에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위 하여 다중 회귀분석을 실시한 결과 스트레스를 ‘거의 느끼지 않을 때’ 보다 스트레스를 ‘조금 느끼는 경우’ 구강건강 상태 즉, 우식경 험영구치 지수에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났고 통계적으로 유의 Table 2. Mental health status of the study subjects

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The relationship between workplace violence, depression, burnout, subjective health status, job and life satisfaction of physical therapists in South Korea

The relationship between workplace violence, depression, burnout, subjective health status, job and life satisfaction of physical therapists in South Korea

The mean score and standard deviation for workplace vio- lence in each subscale was examined along with the partic- ipants’ general and job characteristics. Compared to the physical therapists in other groups, the level of workplace violence was significantly higher statistically in the ‘psy- chological and sexual violence from customer’ sub-scale for female physical therapists in their 20s, having no spouse, work experience of five or more years but less than 10 years, working as secondary care providers, or working on holi- days. In the ‘psychological and sexual violence from super- visors and coworkers’ sub-scale, the level of workplace vio- lence was statistically significant for physical therapists in their 50s or above, with graduate school or higher educa- tional level, who had been working for 20 years or longer, as regular workers. Compared to physical therapists in other groups, the level of workplace violence was higher for phys- ical therapists who worked as secondary care providers, were regular workers, worked on holidays, or cared for less than 15 patients a day in the subscale ofphysical violence from customers, supervisors and coworkers.’ In the sub- scale of ‘organizational protective system for workplace vi- olence,’ the level of workplace violence was lower for phys- ical therapists in their 30s, having no spouse, who had been working for 5 years or more but less than 10 years at in- stitutions other than medical institutions, were regular work- ers working 49 hours or more a week, including holidays, or who cared for patients less than 8 hours a day. The variables mentioned in each scale were statistically significant (α=
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Effects of health behaviors on the periodontal health status of Korea young man: The 6th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Effects of health behaviors on the periodontal health status of Korea young man: The 6th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Objectives: The aim of this study was to confirm health behaviors that affect periodontal health status. Based on these results, we also intended to provide information for the prevention of gingivitis prior to periodontitis and establish strategies for maintaining healthy periodontal tissues. Methods: Data for this descriptive study were extracted from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013–2015. A total of 2,710 adults, aged 19- 39 years were included in this study. Complex logistic regression analyses were performed to confirm relationships between health behaviors and periodontal health, after adjusting for socio-demographics, oral and systemic health status. Results: Dental clinic visits (odd ratio [OR] = 1.761, 95% confidence interval [CI]; 1.391-2.229), use of floss (OR = 1.504, 95% CI; 1.213- 1.865), and non-smoking (OR = 1.269, 95% CI; 1.040-1.549) were found to support periodontal health. Conclusions: Dental visits for continued professional oral health care, self-oral care including interdental flossing, and a non-smoking habit, are necessary for periodontal health maintenance. Additionally, the results suggest that physical activities such as regular walking can help. These methods should be considered as the primary preventative care strategies for minimizing the occurrence of gingival inflammation.
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Convergent effects of oral health behaviors on number of remaining teeth of the elderly welfare recipients

Convergent effects of oral health behaviors on number of remaining teeth of the elderly welfare recipients

주제어 : 노인 , 구강건강 행태 , 잔존 치아 수 , 기초수급 , 융복합 Abstract This study was to investigate their relevance between oral health behaviors and number of remaining teeth of the elderly welfare recipients through the fluoride and scaling of the business. Researcher collected 660 subjects over 60 elderly welfare recipients investigated self-administered survey and use denture and number of remaining teeth though oral examination. Increasingly age number of teeth remaining reduced, there is a difference on the number of remaining teeth according to gender, age, the use of oral hygiene products, self diagnosis oral condition, brushing after lunch and showed significant difference(p<0.05). The remaining number of teeth can be prevented by attention and efforts of subjects. Therefore, we investigated convergent effects of oral health behaviors on number of remaining teeth of the elderly, I hope that oral health care program continually provides expansion of preventive treatment and to maintain the provision of health care about vulnerable group.
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Effects of eating habits, activities of daily living and health behaviors on oral health related-quality of life in elderly persons

Effects of eating habits, activities of daily living and health behaviors on oral health related-quality of life in elderly persons

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of eating habits, activities of daily living and health behaviors on oral health related-quality of life in elders. Methods: The sample consisted of 246 people 65 years or older. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, average standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé, Pearson Correlation Analysis and Hierarchical Multiple Regression. Results: The control variables such as gender, presence of a spouse, subjective health status, presence of chronic disease and existing number of teeth explained 14% (F=7.76, p<.001) of variance in oral health related-quality of life. The control variables, eating habits, activities of daily living and health behaviors collectively explained 20% of variance in oral health related quality of life. Conclusions: The factors that influence oral health related quality of life were presence of spouse presence factor, existing number of teeth and health behavior. Therefore, oral health related quality of life of elders requires the development of programs to boost the quality of life, and help the elderly people to maintain existing number of teeth by focusing on the variety of characteristics.
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The effects of mental health status and subjective oral health status on periodontal disease for the elderly

The effects of mental health status and subjective oral health status on periodontal disease for the elderly

노인을 대상으로 일반적 특성, 정신건강상태, 구강건강상태가 치주질환에 미치는 영향을 분석한 결과 일 반적 특성, 정신건강상태, 구강건강상태가 치주질환에 영향을 미치는 대표적인 요인은 여자보다 남자에서 치 주질환이 더 높게 나타나, 원 등[19]의 연구와 하와 배[25]의 연구와 일치하였으며, 가구소득수준에서 낮은 소 득집단이 치주질[r]

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Influences of health behaviors and perceived oral symptoms on subjective oral health status

Influences of health behaviors and perceived oral symptoms on subjective oral health status

* p<0.05, *** p<0.001 Table 6. The effect of the subjective oral health state according to perceived oral symptoms 한 사안 중 하나일 것이다. 근로자의 적절한 건강행위는 전신 및 구강건강 유지에 필수 요소이며, 더 나아가 노동력의 건전 한 유지와 업무의 생산성에도 일조 할 것이다. 특히 직접적으 로 환자를 대면하고 질병의 치료에 주요 역할을 하는 병원 근로자들은 각종 감염성 질병의 노출 우려가 높고 다양한 스트레스에 접할 기회가 많아 이들의 건전한 건강관리행위는 강조하여도 지나침이 없을 것이다. 근로자의 건강행위와 구 강증상은 전신질환의 유발에도 일부분 영향을 줄 수 있기에 구강건강의 인지여부에 따라 전신 및 구강건강행위에 미치는 영향력이 클 것으로 예상된다. 이에 본 연구에서는 전라북도 소재 노인요양병원 근로자들의 건강행위 및 구강증상이 주관 적 구강건강상태에 미치는 영향을 파악하여 직장에서 실행할 수 있는 구강보건교육프로그램의 개발과 근로자의 구강건강 증진에 도움이 되는 구강보건사업 및 제도 개선을 위한 기초 자료를 마련하고자 실시하였다.
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