상단 PDF The Relationship between Resting Metabolic Rate and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Obesity

The Relationship between Resting Metabolic Rate and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Obesity

The Relationship between Resting Metabolic Rate and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the Obesity

3. 이정규, 이상엽, 민홍기, 김영주, 최상한, 김윤진: 비타민 C 섭취와 혈장 고민감도 C-반응성 단백 농도와의 상관성. 가정의학회지 25:314-321, 2004 4. Bell C, Day DS, Jones PP, Christou DD, Petitt DS, Osterberg K et al: High energy flux mediates the tonically augmented beta adrenalgic support of resting metabolic rate in habitually exercising older adults. J Clin Endoclinol Metab 89:3573-3578, 2004

38 더 읽기

Association between Psoriasis and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Korean Patients

Association between Psoriasis and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Korean Patients

INTRODUCTION Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disorder that affects nearly 1.5∼3% of the world’s population. Psoriasis manifests as skin lesions with typical silvery scales and, potentially, by arthritis 1-3 . Recent studies have demonstrated an association between systemic inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatic arthritis and the cardiovascular risk factors, including metabolic synd- rome 4 . Inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) play an important role in the pathogenesis of both psoriasis and metabolic syndrome. Previous reports have shown an association between psoriasis and dia- betes, hypertension, obesity, myocardial infarction and heart failure 3,5-7 . Systemic medications such as acitretin, cyclosporine and methotrexate, which are used to treat psoriasis, can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases by inducing hypertension, hyperlipidemia and so on 8-10 . However, there is no published study that has focused on the association between psoriasis and cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors in Koreans. To demonstrate the relationship of psoriasis with the cardiovascular risk factors, we assessed the presence of cardiovascular risk factors, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases in patients with psoriasis and in control subjects.
더 보기

7 더 읽기

The Relationship Between Volumetric Plaque Components and Classical Cardiovascular Risk Factors and the Metabolic Syndrome

The Relationship Between Volumetric Plaque Components and Classical Cardiovascular Risk Factors and the Metabolic Syndrome

V. STUDY LIMITATIONS This study was a single-center study, and the findings of this study were based on a small patient population. These patients are not typical of patients presenting to catheterization laboratories in the United States, and the results thus may not fully apply to a US patient population. While pathologic correlations of VH-IVUS vs ex vivo coronary arteries and directional coronary atherectomy specimens have been published(Nasu et al, 2006; Nair et al, 2007), a recent comparison of VH-IVUS vs a model of porcine atherosclerosis found no correlation in the assessment of necrotic core(Thim et al, 2010), and there are limited data on the reproducibility of VH-IVUS or the ability of VH-IVUS to predict future events. VH- IVUS is limited in analyzing small vessels, including distal vessels or those typical of diabetic patients. On one hand, the system imposes at least a 300 micron thick gray “media”
더 보기

45 더 읽기

The Relationship between Obesity and the Risk Factors of Urolithiasis

The Relationship between Obesity and the Risk Factors of Urolithiasis

24시간뇨 중 pH가 5.5미만으로 낮은 요중 산도를 나타내 는 경우는 드물지만 과도하게 산을 섭취한 경우, 통풍, 만성 설사질환이나 과도한 육체적 운동에 나타날 수 있다. 15,16,19 여러 연구에서 비만도가 증가할수록 요수소지수는 역상관 관계를 나타냈으며 9,10,19 본 연구에서도 요수소지수는 비만 도가 증가할수록 역상관계를 나타냈고 (p<0.05) 낮은 요수 소지수의 빈도는 비만군에서 연령별, 성별로 모두 높았으 Table 5. The rate of metabolic abnormalities according to BMI and gender
더 보기

7 더 읽기

Relationship between Sarcopenic Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk as Estimated by the Framingham Risk Score

Relationship between Sarcopenic Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk as Estimated by the Framingham Risk Score

The present study has several potential limitations. Firstly, the cross-sectional design of this survey limited us from identi- fying causal relationships. Therefore, a causal relationship be- tween sarcopenic obesity and CVD cannot be inferred. Second- ly, the CVD risk estimated by the Framingham risk score was not an actual CVD outcome. The Framingham risk model was originally applied for Western populations and therefore, it may not reflect the different genetic profiles or social and environ- mental factors in the Korean population. However, instead of calculating the absolute risk scores of CVD, we used the distri- bution of the Framingham risk score to estimate CVD risk. Third- ly, we did not measure muscle function when determining sar- copenia. In recent studies, an evaluation of the presence of low muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance is re- commended for diagnosing sarcopenia (30). The data acquired from the KNHANES included skeletal muscle mass measure- ments, but not muscle function or strength. However, several adjustments were made to this study indirectly to evaluate mus- cle function by referring to the practice rate of resistance exer- cise, flexibility exercise, and regular walking during analysis.
더 보기

8 더 읽기

Relationships between the Change in Obesity Rate and Risk Factors of Metabolic Syndrome among Middle School Students in Ulsan

Relationships between the Change in Obesity Rate and Risk Factors of Metabolic Syndrome among Middle School Students in Ulsan

본 연구에서 나타난 2007년부터의 비만율의 감소추세를 이어가기 위해서는 학교에서 학생들을 대상으로 보다 다 양한 비만예방 프로그램을 개발하여 지속적으로 실시해 나가는 것이 필요하다고 생각된다. 2011년의 비만도 증가에 대한 추가적인 원인 분석이 이루어진다면 보다 체계적인 학교보건정책 수립에 도움이 될 것이다. Abstract The purpose of this study was to provide fundamental materials for improving school health promotion programs by investigating the relationships between the change in obesity rate and risk factors of metabolic syndrome among middle school students in Ulsan. We analyzed the routine health check-up data in 58,298 2nd-year middle school students in Ulsan, which conducted by the Planned Population Federation of Korea from 2007 to 2011. The overall and girls obesity rates gradually decreased throughout the first four years but increased again in 2011. The boys obesity rates were highest in 2008 and lowest in 2010.
더 보기

13 더 읽기

The Relationship between Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors and High Sensitive C-reactive Protein in Abdominal Obesity Elderly Women

The Relationship between Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors and High Sensitive C-reactive Protein in Abdominal Obesity Elderly Women

High sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) has been associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its risk factors.. This study aimed to evaluate the association between hs-CRP and the [r]

7 더 읽기

Association between Exercise Capacity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Obesity Types in Adult Man

Association between Exercise Capacity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Obesity Types in Adult Man

1 Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Shinsung University, Dangjin 343-861, Korea 2 Department of Occupational Health Center, Hospital of Ulsan University, Ulsan 682-714, Korea Increased waist circumference has shown to be more strongly associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between exercise capacity and cardiovascular risk factors among obese types in adult men. The subjects of this study were a total fifty-four obese persons and obesity criteria is body mass index (BMI)≥25 kg/m 2 . Diagnostic criteria for obesity was defined as a waist circumference of ≥90 cm. The BMI in the obese subjects, as judged by the presence or absence of abdominal obesity, were classified into two groups (non-AO: without abdominal obesity group, AO: with abdominal obesity group). AO presented lower total exercise time, metabolic equivalents (METs) than Non-AO. AO showed slow HRR (heart rate recovery) response. HRR was negative correlated with BMI, body fat mass, waist circumference. AO had a high heart rate and a low cardiac output in submaximal exercise stage 1∼
더 보기

6 더 읽기

The Relationship between the Level of Fatness and Fitness during Adolescence and the Risk Factors of Metabolic Disorders in Adulthood

The Relationship between the Level of Fatness and Fitness during Adolescence and the Risk Factors of Metabolic Disorders in Adulthood

findings established that not only maintaining healthy body weight but also increasing PF levels while in school is recom- mended to prevent obesity and metabolic disorders in adult- hood. For females, high school is often the last opportunity to participate in physical activity and promote PF, while most males are able to go into the mandatory military service and have another opportunity to increase PF levels. The current finding reported that a more significant association between the level of high school PF and the level of obesity and risk fac- tors in adulthood existed among females, as compared to males, and this finding supports our recommendation to increase PF levels during childhood and adolescence, especially for fe- males.
더 보기

9 더 읽기

Analysis of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Patients with Psoriasis

Analysis of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Patients with Psoriasis

Background: In previous studies, psoriasis has been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors for metabolic syndrome in psoriasis patients and to compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in psoriasis and control groups. Methods: All patients (n=490) and controls (n=682) were investigated for cardiovascular risk factors, including central obesity, hypertension, fasting plasma glucose levels, and blood levels of triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Results: We found no statistical association between psoriasis and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome when controlling for age and gender. Among individual com- ponents of metabolic syndrome, only increased triglyceride levels was significantly prevalent in patients psoriasis. The incidence of other factors such as central obesity, hyper- tension, fasting plasma glucose and HDL in the psoriasis group were similar to or lower than those in the control group. Although psoriasis patients with metabolic syndrome had severe and large plaque-type psoriasis, the association of metabolic syndrome with the severity or clinical subtype of psoriasis was not significant after adjusting for age and gender. Conclusion: Our results suggest that there is no close correlation between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome in
더 보기

5 더 읽기

Analysis of the Relationship between Abdominal Ultrasound Based Kidney Stones, Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome

Analysis of the Relationship between Abdominal Ultrasound Based Kidney Stones, Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome

Kidney stones are a common disease with an annual prevalence of about 30,000 people in Korea, and are deeply related to an increase in chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and abdominal obesity. Therefore, in this study, 135 examinees who visited a general hospital in Dalseong-gun from May 2019 to June 2020 for a medical examination were examined. The relationship between kidney stones and factors related to obesity and metabolic syndrome were found in abdominal ultrasound. I tried to find out the relevance. As a result of the study, the risk of kidney stones in the abnormal group was increased by 4.255 times compared to the normal group in total cholesterol factor, and the risk of kidney stones in the abnormal group was increased by 2.072 times compared to the normal group in the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol factor. Total cholesterol factor and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol It was found that the factor affects the prevalence of kidney stones and metabolic syndrome. Since the risk of kidney stones is related to total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol factors, active attention should be paid to preventive purposes through health check-ups.
더 보기

8 더 읽기

The Relationship between Body Fat Percent and Obesity Indices in Adults and Waist-to-Height Ratio as a Screening Tool of Cardiovascular Risk Factor

The Relationship between Body Fat Percent and Obesity Indices in Adults and Waist-to-Height Ratio as a Screening Tool of Cardiovascular Risk Factor

본 연구는 한국인을 대상으로 심혈관 질환 위험인자 예측에 허리 둘레 /키 비가 비만 선별 지표로 유용하다는 것을 밝히는 데 의의가 Table 5. Adjusted odds ratios of cardiovascular disease risk factors according to the waist circumference to height ratio WHtR groups Variable Men Women

6 더 읽기

Relationship Between Metabolic Syndrome and Familial History ofHypertension/Stroke, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Disease

Relationship Between Metabolic Syndrome and Familial History ofHypertension/Stroke, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Disease

INTRODUCTION As a result of rapid socioeconomic growth and lifestyle changes, cardiovascular disease has become increasingly preva- lent and is now a leading cause of death in Korea. In order to reduce the prevalence and mortality rate of cardiovascular diseases, the various contributing risk factors must be ana- lyzed and proactively controlled. Numerous studies conduct- ed to identify the causal mechanisms of cardiovascular diseases have suggested metabolic syndrome (MS) as a representative biological mechanism. Ford (1) found that the mortality rates for cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease in a group of subjects with MS were 1.37 (95% CI: 1.02-1.85) and 1.29 (95% CI: 0.92-1.82) times greater than in a group without MS, respectively. These results support the role of MS as a key predictor of cardiovascular disease.
더 보기

8 더 읽기

The relationship between metabolic syndrome and asthma in the elderly

The relationship between metabolic syndrome and asthma in the elderly

Our study showed that, among MS components, abdominal obesity is the most significantly related factor of asthma, which corresponds with previous studies. Several prospective cohort studies 14,15 and cross-sectional stud- ies 16 have demonstrated that obesity is a predictor of asthma. It has not been clearly documented that components of MS other than obesity were significantly related to asthma. In one study, MS per se was not an independent predictor of asthma when body mass index was adjusted 15 . In our study, a low HDL-C was significantly associated with asthma, and a positive linear association between the number of MS components and the prevalence of asthma was observed. These findings suggest that MS-related factors other than abdominal obesity could con- tribute to the relationship between MS and asthma. In fact, MS components other than abdominal obesity such as hyperglycemia 17 , dyslipidemia 18 and hypertension 19 have been known to be risk factors of lower lung function or accelerated lung function decline.
더 보기

8 더 읽기

Clustering Effects of Metabolic Factors and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome

Clustering Effects of Metabolic Factors and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome

factors. In the present study, among several health behaviors, drinking al- cohol was significantly associated with an increase in metabolic risk factors in men. Notably, the metabolic risk factors increased in men who drank more than twice a week. In a previous study 12 , the rates of abdominal obesity and serum concentration of HDL-C were higher in participants with an alcohol consumption > 200 g per week versus in those with a lower level of alcohol consumption. In other words, alcohol consumption was a risk factor for abdominal obesity but not for cholesterol metabolism. Separately, a meta-anal- ysis 13 reported that the risk of metabolic syndrome was lower in very light drinkers (0.1–5 g/day) versus in nondrinkers; however, the risk of metabolic syndrome was higher in heavy drinkers than in nondrinkers. In subgroup analysis, this J-shaped trend was re- markable in men but not in women. Unlike in previous studies, the J-shaped relationship between amount of alcohol consumption and number of metabolic risk factors was not observed in this study, which is probably due to our method of categorization of al- cohol consumption. By increasing the risk of metabolic factors, in- cluding blood pressure, glucose metabolism, hypertriglyceridemia, and abdominal obesity, alcohol drinking increased the risk of meta- bolic syndrome. 14,15 In this study, the relationship was observed only in men and was not concordant with the findings of previous studies because of the low prevalence of alcohol consumption in women.
더 보기

9 더 읽기

Relationship  Between  Obesity  Indices  and  Cardiovascular  Risk  Score  in  Korean  Type  2  Diabetes  Patients

Relationship Between Obesity Indices and Cardiovascular Risk Score in Korean Type 2 Diabetes Patients

련성이 있을 뿐 허리둘레는 전혀 관련이 없음을 보이며 이 전 서양인 연구와는 차이를 보였다. Yusurf 등 11) 이 발표한 심근경색에 대한 환자-대조군 연구에서 일부 환자들이 일본 인, 중국인, 남아시아인 들이 포함되었고, 이들 분석에서는 중국인과 일본인에서는 허리둘레, 허리-엉덩이 비 모두가 심근경색에 대한 위험도를 예측하는 지표임을 보였고, 남부 아시아인에서는 오직 허리-엉덩이 비만이 심근경색 위험도 와 관련이 있었으며, 결론적으로 허리-엉덩이 비가 동양인 에서 가장 강력한 연관성 있는 지표임을 보였다. 다만 이전 동양인 대상 연구들은 심혈관질환이 발생한 환자들을 대상 으로 하였기 때문에 당뇨병 환자들에서는 어떤 비만 임상지 표들이 심혈관질환과 관련이 있는지 분명치 않다. 본 논문 은 한국인 당뇨병 환자들을 대상으로 하였고, 이전 서양인 을 대상으로 한 다른 연구들과 마찬가지로, 허리둘레와 허 리-엉덩이 비가 Framingham point와 상관성이 좋았고, 관 상동맥질환 10년 위험도인 Framingham Risk Score를 5분 위로 나누었을 때 위험도가 증가할수록 허리둘레, 허리-키 비 및 허리-엉덩이 비가 증가하는 상관성을 보였고 남성과 여성 모두에서 일관성 있게 나타났다. 따라서 당뇨병이 있 는 동양인에서도 허리둘레, 허리-키 비와 허리-엉덩이 비는 매우 좋은 심혈관질환 위험도와 관련이 있는 인자임을 확인 할 수 있었다. 다만, 본 연구가 아시아인을 대상으로 했던 이전 연구와 차이가 있었던 원인은 당뇨병 환자들만을 대상 으로 했다는 차이가 있고, 이전에는 마른 비만 환자들이 동 양에 많았다면 최근에는 서구인과 같은 비만형 인구가 많아 지면서 차이가 발생했을 가능성이 있으며, 마지막으로 이전 연구들은 실제 심혈관질환 발생과의 관련성을 봤지만 본 연 구는 Framingham Risk Score와의 관련성을 보았다는 이유 로 결과에 차이가 발생했을 수 있다.
더 보기

7 더 읽기

The Relationship Between Lumbar Spine Bone Mineral Density and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women

The Relationship Between Lumbar Spine Bone Mineral Density and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women

― The Relationship Between Lumbar Spine Bone Mineral Density and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women ―.. 단국대학교의료원 영상의학과 김 미 영.[r]

7 더 읽기

The  Changes  in  Cardiovascular  Risk  Factors Followed  by  Sleeve  Gastrectomy  in  Morbid  Obesity?

The Changes in Cardiovascular Risk Factors Followed by Sleeve Gastrectomy in Morbid Obesity?

환자의 체성분의 변화는 Table 1에서 보여 주고 있 다. 그룹 A와 B에서 수술 6개월에 유의한 결과를 보 여주고 있으며 또한 수술 전과 수술 6개월 후의 결과 에서도 유의한 결과를 보여 주고 있다. 특히 내장 지방 은 그룹 A에서는 약 38.6%의 감소를 보이고 있으며 그룹 B에서는 24.8%의 감소를 보였다. 이러한 결과는 체중 감소가 많이 일어난 그룹에서 내장 지방의 감소 가 많이 일어난 것을 의미하며 이로 인하여 복부 비만 이 현저하게 감소된다고 말할 수 있다. 또한 이러한 복 부 비만의 감소는 동반된 합병증의 감소와 관계가 있 다고 할 수 있을 것이다. Giusti 등 19) 은 gastric banding 수술 1년 후 총지방의 36.8%가 감소되었고 대사 증후 군 (metabolic syndrome)의 이환율이 수술 전 89%에 서 수술 1년 후 15%로의 감소를 보고하고 있다. 저자 들의 경우에서도 역시 체지방률과 내장 지방의 감소를 볼 수 있었으며 이러한 체지방량과 복부 지방의 감소 는 비만과 같이 동반하는 고혈압, 당뇨병, 고지혈증 등 대사 질환의 호전과 연관이 있다. 특히 지방이 복부에 많이 축적되었을 때 관상동맥질환과 연관이 많다 20) . 이러한 복강 내 지방의 축적에 의한 비만은 고인슐린 혈증, 혈장내 중성지방 농도의 증가, 고밀도 콜레스테 롤의 감소, 혈압의 상승을 야기하는 병인으로 알려져 있다 21) . 또한 Lee 등 22) 은 복부 비만이 있는 그룹과 전 신비만이 있는 그룹간의 연구에서 두 그룹간에 합병증 발생률이나 수술 후 체중감소에는 차이가 없으나 복부 비만이 있는 그룹에서 수술 중 출혈의 양이 많고 여자 환자들에서 회복기간이 더 길었다고 하며 수술 전의 고혈당, 고지혈증과 더 많은 관계가 있다고 보고하고 있다. 즉 복부 비만이 심할수록 환자는 여러 합병증과 더욱 더 긴밀한 관계를 나타낸다고 할 수 있을 것이다.
더 보기

9 더 읽기

Factors associated with Self-Rated Health in Metabolic Syndrome and Relationship between Sleep Duration and Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors

Factors associated with Self-Rated Health in Metabolic Syndrome and Relationship between Sleep Duration and Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors

단에 비해 대사증후군집단의 건강 관련 삶의 질이 유의하게 낮은 것 으로 보고하여[25] 본 연구와 일치하는 결과를 제시하였다. 수면시간과 대사증후군 위험요인간의 관계를 분석한 기존 연구에 서 하루평균 수면시간이 6시간 미만이거나 8시간 이상인 경우 대사 증후군 위험요인 개수가 증가하였으며[26], 또 다른 연구에서는 중년 성인의 경우 하루 평균 수면시간이 7~8시간인 경우에 비해 6시간 미 Table 2. Factors associated with Self-rated Health among the Metabolic Syndrome and Normal Group
더 보기

9 더 읽기

The Differences of Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors according to Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Elderly Korean Women

The Differences of Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors according to Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Elderly Korean Women

대상 및 방법 1. 연구 대상 연구 대상자는 2012년 1월부터 2014년 12월까지 경기지역 일 개 종합병원에서 건강검진을 실시한 65세 이상 노인여성을 대상으 로 하였다. 전체 대상자 771명 중에서 결측치를 포함한 180명을 제 외한 591명을 최종 대상자로 선정하였다. 비만과 복부비만 기준에 따른 대사증후군 위험요인의 차이를 규명하기 위해 대상자들을 체 질량지수(body mass index, BMI)와 허리둘레 기준에 따라 정상군 (normal group; BMI<25 kg/m 2 , 허리둘레<85 cm), 단순비만군 (obesity group; BMI≥25 kg/m 2 , 허리둘레<85 cm), 복부비만군 (abdominal obesity group; BMI<25 kg/m 2 , 허리둘레≥85 cm), 비만-복부비만군(obesity-abdominal obesity group; BMI≥25 kg/m 2 , 허리둘레≥85 cm)의 4군으로 분류하였다. 비만 기준은 세 계보건기구 아시아 태평양 기준에서 제시한 비만 기준에 따라 BMI
더 보기

8 더 읽기

Show all 10000 documents...

관련 주제