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A Strategy on the improvement of drinking water quality standards in Korea

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This paper is to improve the drinking water quality standards in Korea that can be easily understood and experienced by the public by improving the aesthetic items under the drinking water quality standards. On the other hand, it is urgent to improve the items and terminology that can be easily perceived by the public in the drinking water quality standards. 18 Table 2: Evaluation of technology, policy, society and economy for strategies to improve drinking water quality standards……….23.

Introduction

Background

As late as 2022, larvae were discovered in tap water in homes in Changwon, Jinhae and Incheon, spreading public anxiety. Inconvenient experiences related to the use of tap water were found to be rusty water (5.4%) and foreign matter (2.3%). Furthermore, these improvement efforts and tap water information should be made so that the public can easily access it.

Purpose

Research Methodology

In particular, an interview was conducted with 13 focus group members who had professional experience with 5 to 20 years of work experience in a water quality inspection agency. The Delphi method was evaluated face-to-face with experts, freely expressing their opinions and giving feedback to others. Here, the experts consisted of 13 people, specially registered as personnel who can conduct experiments directly in the water quality inspection institution, and consisted of 5 people with 5 to 9 years of experience and 6 people with more than 10 years of experience .

Finding

Drinking water quality standards items

In the case of New Zealand, there is no standard for scented items and they say the taste must be acceptable to all consumers and there are no specific standards. On the other hand, in the case of Japan, there were elements of taste and smell, and the standard also stipulated that there would be no irregularities. In the previous investigation, in the case of smell and taste, Korea has a limitation unlike foreign countries, because the regulations on smell and taste are not divided and are simply expressed as "none".

Drinking water quality standards process

The title of the interview is a study on ways to improve items experienced by the public. First, the content of the interview and findings on drinking water quality standards and quality are as follows. In order for items such as social interest to be included in water quality standards, all drinking water inspection agencies must have the capability.

How to improve the reliability of drinking water quality standards 1) Number of items in the proficiency test conducted by the Ministry of. In order to improve the management system of drinking water quality standards that can be felt by the public, the pain points among the stakeholders and the proposed alternatives were proposed. There is a limitation that policy makers related to drinking water, such as the Ministry of Environment, need a lot of time to create drinking water quality standards that are easily understood and trusted by the public.

Four actions are needed to improve drinking water quality standards that the public can experience. Assessing technology, policy, society and economics for strategies to improve drinking water quality standards. The possibility of adding up to 60 articles↑. Safety regulation of drinking water quality standards and investigations.

The current drinking water quality standards have been difficult for the people to easily understand for the following reasons. The opinions of stakeholders such as residents and social groups about drinking water quality were not reflected. In this paper, under drinking water quality standards, a strategic direction has been presented for the standard that can be felt by the public.

Expert Interview & Finding

  • Expert Interview finding in the fields of water quality part
  • Expert Interview finding in the fields of water process part

Problem structure and alternative strategy analysis

Stakeholder pain point analysis

To improve the water quality standards of drinking water, which is the people's drinking water, it is necessary to understand the relationship between various stakeholders who manage drinking water, such as the population, central government, local governments, water utilities and K-water. To produce tap water, raw water is taken and through a water purification process step, tap water is produced, which is then sent to the tap of each household. First, from the citizen/society perspective, access to information about water resources, which are raw materials for drinking water, is weak, and it is difficult to find information about water resources.

It is necessary to effectively provide citizens with social information and solve citizens' pain points by drawing up a plan to actively participate in the evaluation of tap water. In the water intake stage, it is difficult to predict the occurrence of abnormal water quality in the water source due to abnormal climate, and it costs money to respond to the occurrence of algae. In the crane sector, the costs of opening and upgrading old pipelines to remove foreign matter are also increasing.

To solve this problem, it is necessary to strengthen the water treatment process, improve the response to civil complaints related to water quality, develop methods for real-time sharing of issues that can be experienced by the public, and establish a department on concerned with promoting piped water and thoroughly implementing the policy of the Ministry of Environment. It is necessary to secure sufficient budget. and support, and the National Institute of Environmental Research should present standards for public perception of foreign matter, odor, taste, and filter use. A plan should also be prepared to expand water quality information sharing by strengthening governance with society and citizens.

Establishment of a department dealing with publicity for tap water. • Thorough implementation of the policy of the Ministry of the Environment.

Strategy presentation and evaluation analysis

First, the evaluation result for the new inclusion of foreign matter, larvae and filter black matter in the items of the drinking water quality standard was rated 17 points out of 20 points. The creation of a new subject is very acceptable to the public and society, and from a political point of view it is possible by revising the laws related to drinking water. However, when trying to improve drinking water quality standards, it takes a long time for legislation to change, and in order to meet new water quality standards, treatment plants incur costs to improve foreign matter recognition devices at each stage of water treatment.

Secondly, the action on the security of smell and taste items in drinking water was evaluated with a total score of 14 points. In addition, it is possible to confirm and expand the role of the Ministry of Environment, environmental groups and waterworks operators, but the policy decision maker can be passive, so the technical and policy possibilities are expressed as normal (3 points). In terms of social feasibility, efforts are required for active participation of citizens, and water service providers (k-water), the Ministry of Environment and a department.

Finally, it is an action that proposes to improve the drinking rate of tap water through a tap water awareness survey. To implement the actions proposed above, it is essential to adopt and amend relevant laws and regulations, such as the Water Supply Act and the Drinking Water Act. It is possible to affirm and expand the role of the Ministry of the Environment, environmental groups and water companies, but policymakers can be passive.

It may be necessary to advertise tap water from water supply companies (K-vand) and political decision-makers (Ministry of the Environment).

Conclusion

2022년 뉴질랜드 식수 기준 https://www.legislation.govt.nz/regulation/public/2022/0168/latest/whole.html#LMS69 8031. 국가 2차 식수 규정 https://www.epa . gov/sdwa/drinking-water-regulations-and-contaminants WHO, 식수 품질 지침: 제1판과 제2판을 통합한 제4판. 귀하는 먹는물 수질 기준이 어느 부분에서 개선되어야 한다고 생각하십니까?

사고 예방은 당연한 일이지만, 식수 안전에 대해 대중을 설득하기 위해 현행 식수 수질 기준과 모니터링 요소에 추가할 수 있는 것이 있을까요? 먹는물 수질기준에 따른 품목별 품질관리(QA/QC)와 실험실 평가를 통한 숙련도 시험에 대한 관련 방법 및 절차의 개선이 필요하다. 과정) 먹는물 수질기준 운영 및 관리체계를 개선한다.

수돗물에 대한 신뢰를 회복하려면 무엇이 필요합니까? 통합물관리를 위한 먹는물 수질기준 운영관리체계 개선을 위해 환경부 산하 기관인 K-water를 먹는물 검사기관으로 의무기관으로 지정하는 것에 대해 어떻게 생각하십니까? 먹는물 수질기준 중장기 로드맵을 수립하려면 어떤 내용이 포함되어야 한다고 생각하시나요?

먹는물 수질기준 및 기능과 관련하여 시민참여가 필요하며, 어떤 분야에서 시민참여가 필요하다고 생각하십니까?

참조

Outline

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