The interweaving of these countries' interests may affect the stability and prosperity of the Korean Peninsula and South Korea's policy toward North Korea. First, Russia is very important to strategically keep China under control in resolving the Korean Peninsula issue.
Main Structure and Contents of This Book
The first subject area is issues of Russia's diplomacy and general security strategies, including Russia's foreign and security strategy in the 21st century, the Russia-U.S. Sergei Chugrov, professor at the Moscow State University of International Relations (MGIMO), reviewed Russia's general strategic thinking on international relations in his article, "Russia's Foreign and Security Strategy in the 21st Century".
In the view of Russian policy makers, there is a need for collective leadership, and Russia has resolutely advocated for this. The so-called concept of post-conflict peace-building is incorporated in UN-supported activities.”6.
Russia and the West: Metamorphoses of Mutual Perceptions
We all need to take time to think and look around – this is the meaning of the pause that Russia suggests. In the field of foreign policy, the confrontational paradigm of intra-European relations of the Cold War era is said to be giving way to a cooperative paradigm.
The CIS Problems and Caucasus Trauma
There is a quote attributed to the politician Grigory Yavlinsky: "Anyone with a heart should regret the collapse of the Soviet Union - and anyone with a head should know that it cannot be reunited." The danger is that among the Russian elite, the heart and the head are in conflict. Russia looks positively at the prospects of the Commonwealth of Independent States, as the Russian foreign minister said in February 2010.
Russia and Asia: a New Political Turn?
The difference in the approaches taken towards North Korea and Iran can be attributed to the significantly different behavior of these. It is very important to emphasize that Moscow is firmly against the spread of nuclear weapons anywhere in the world.
But the United States decided to test the real capabilities of the "new Russia" and did not prevent Georgia from using military force on the Russian border. According to the World Bank, energy exports accounted for 66 percent of the Russian economy as of December 2008.
Relations After the “Reset”: Intentions and Realities
The NSS was released a year after the first practical results of the "reset" appeared during the three-day summit in Moscow in July 2009. The idea behind the scandal was to remind the American public and the world that the practical results of the "reset" have not changed USA Right now they are doing their best to successfully ratify the New START Treaty.
The New Start Treaty: Will it Boost Russia- U.S
It will provide stability and predictability between the world's two most important nuclear powers.”59 On the contrary, some opponents of President Obama declare that “the New START Treaty weakens America's Rademaker,” “The Kremlin's Nuclear Trump Card,” The Moscow Times ( June 28, 2010),
Repairing U.S.-Russian Relations: A Long Way Forward.” The Institute for National Strategic Studies at National Defense University and the Center for Eurasian, Russian, and East European Studies at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. Advancing Our Interests: Actions in Support of the President's National Security Strategy.” The White House. The Ministry of Defense emphasizes arms exports and, more recently, the development of global military cooperation, including joint military exercises with all major powers – the US, China, Japan, Canada, etc.
Russia should objectively adjust its policies to the rapid rise of China and seek opportunities to enter NEA's energy market and use NEA's economic integration potential to develop Russia's depopulated and underdeveloped Far East. Third, the APEC summit will take place in Russia (Vladivostok) in 2012—driving Russian leaders to think about new ideas for regional development and integration. Thus, innovation diplomacy, if successful, will create a new basis for the development of Russia-NEA partnership relations.
Northeast Asia: Tendencies and Problems
Looking ahead to the next decade, we can predict that stabilizing tendencies will prevail over destabilizing ones in the political situation in East Asia. First, in the next decade, the NEA will continue to build a new integration model that will be different from the EU model. Russia should continue to participate and increase its activity and initiative in economic and political organizations in East Asia: ARF, APEC and EAC.
The North Korean Nuclear Problem
The main reason for the start of the nuclear crisis was the security logic of the North Korean regime. North Korea's nuclear test in October 2006 marked a new stage in the development of the North Korean nuclear crisis. In addition, the Chinese proposal does not mention the connection of economic aid to North Korea with market reforms and the opening of the North Korean economy.
From Absence of Relations to Strategic Cooperation?
What lessons can we take from the first twenty years of relations for the future of the strategic partnership. I am sure this wonderful country will prosper based on the latest technologies and its abundant natural resources. 82_ Russia's opinion polls ("Public Opinion" Foundation, 2001) show that 58% of the Russian population considers South Korea to be a friendly country.
The Possibilities for a Strategic Partnership on Political and Security Issues at the Regional and
In addition, the assessment of Korea in Russian foreign policy has increased due to the global financial crisis, which has made cooperation in the G20 format a new imperative for both countries. Russian experts claim that the system of military bases and bilateral military alliances created in the Asia-Pacific region under the auspices of the United States, regardless of the denuclearization agenda, Russia and Korea could be more active in discussing the guiding principles and modalities of such a mechanism in the future.
North Korean Issues Hinder the Partnership
For the South, this is an important step forward on the way to normalizing relations with the North and strengthening the joint potential of the Korean countries. In the initial stages of the Lee Myung-Bak administration, Russia sought to make clear its desire for serious discussion on improving the situation on the Korean Peninsula by promoting peaceful dialogue and addressing North Korea's concerns. The interests of Russia in stopping such development therefore coincide with the interests of the United States, Japan and South Korea.
Economics as the Locomotive Force of the Security Partnership
The strategic transformation of the Russian economy since the early 1990s radically changed the economic situation in the Russian Far East. At the same time, APEC members are important, but they still do not make up the bulk of the Russian export market (see Table V-1). This situation changed from the early 2000s, and bilateral trade between Russia and Northeast Asia increased several times in the last decade.
Three Types of Foreign Trade With Northeast Asia
This means that the Sakhalin government must seek new opportunities to support the development of the energy industry and other industries on the island.126. As for imports, it is worth noting that the development of the energy industry was a key factor in the increase in imports in the early 2000s. It should be noted that these imports are distributed not only in Primorskiy Krai, but also in other areas of the Russian Far East and other regions of Russia.
Russian Energy Policy in Northeast Asia and China
Medvedev's inauguration as President of the Russian Federation emphasized that the strategy for the development of Siberia and the Russian Far East can only be successfully implemented if it is supported by Russia's involvement in international cooperation in East Asia.135 Thus, the correlation between domestic and foreign economic policies is an essential issue that it should be addressed in the near future in order to stimulate the development of Eastern Siberia and the Russian Far East. In relations between Eastern Siberia and the Russian Far East and the economies of Northeast Asia, some impressive economic results have been achieved over the past twenty years. Huge financial resources must be invested in the modernization of the transport, industrial and social infrastructure of the Russian Far East.
The Project’s Benefits are Obvious
The technical condition of the northeastern segment of North Korea's railway network (in total about 1,000 km of track) is extremely unsatisfactory. There are also some internal problems in the ROK that may complicate the implementation of the project. Notably, the reconstruction of the Trans-Korean Railway is not even mentioned in the plans for inter-Korean activities drawn up by the Ministry of Unification of South Korea.
The Project Implementation Process
In particular, it was decided that the reconstruction of the Trans-Korean Railway would begin with a. It lays down the key parameters of the pilot project for the reconstruction of the railway and the construction of the container terminal at the port of Rajin, and stipulates that RZD Trading House (a subsidiary of RZD) and the North Korean port authority will establish a joint venture. RZD predicts that the volume of container traffic that will be fed to the Trans-Siberian Railway from the port of Rajin during the initial phase of operation of the project will be relatively low containers equivalent to 20 feet.
Risks and Prospects of the Project
There is a general impression that the connection of the Trans-Korean Railway with the Trans-Siberian Railway is a project carried out by RZD as an apparently important but isolated effort, loosely connected to the general transit policy of Russia and the federal program for the development of the Transbaikal region and the Far East. It is also clear that the railway connection project between Russia and the Korean Peninsula will get a second wind if inter-Korean relations improve again. Russia and ROK railroaders have started talks on attracting cargo on the Transsib.” Ria Novosti Agency.
The Tuman River Project from the Northeastern Perspective
The integration potential in the region is as high as the size of the economies of its member states. The Tuman region, rich in energy and mineral resources, can easily provide direct access to the enormous human resources of the rapidly developing markets of the 5 aforementioned economies and Japan. The Tuman project was supported from the beginning by the UN Development Program and aimed to promote the social progress of the adjacent regions through transnational investment in energy and.
The Beginning of the Tuman River Project
An agreement between the 5 states of the region - Russia, China, North Korea, Mongolia and South Korea - to establish a Consultative and Coordinating Committee, as well as a mutual Memorandum of Understanding regarding the principles of environmental protection. signed in 1995, forming the legal background for multinational cooperation. Facilitating the economic development of the region by providing a coordinated strategy of industrial growth, transport infrastructure, trade and tourism. 4th phase, renewing the legal background, consolidating the institutional base, expanding the geographic scope of the project, renaming the Program for the "Great Tuman River Initiative (GTI)". Focusing current results on achieving economic progress in the region.
GTI and its Activities