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Lessons of Transformation for Korean Unification


Academic year: 2023

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Since then, social science studies have focused more on the external phenomenon that caused the collapse of the socialist system. Following these studies, we continued with the analysis of the costs and benefits of Korean Unification, which was launched in 2011. Researchers from seven different countries were asked to submit papers on the analysis of system transformation or integration in their countries, such as and implications for the Korean Peninsula unification process.

From Poland's point of view, the search for consensual relations with the great powers in Northeast Asia appears to be an encouragement of the unification process. Until the fall of the real socialist system, the theories associated with it had one characteristic in common. Based on the above analysis, suggestions are offered for South Korea's foreign and North Korean policies during the unification process.

The Polish Case

The scale and strength of the protests were such that the Communists accepted most of these demands, creating the first truly independent trade union in the Soviet bloc. The Senate – was introduced, in which elections will be completely free and based on the system of the first property. the president-elect was also introduced. The power-sharing deal reached between the Communists and Solidarity at the Round Table came to be seen as too timid and unsatisfactory, leading to calls for "acceleration" of reforms.

A lesson learned from a mostly negative experience with. The first democratically elected parliament that nearly killed democracy in Poland was that it was necessary to address the fragmented nature of politics by modifying the electoral law. The Polish example is perhaps one of the most interesting in the group of countries that have experienced communism in the past. The Long Shadow of the Cold War in the 21st Century (New York: Routledge, 2010), p.

The Romanian Case

Gross, Uncivil Society: 1989 and the Implosion of the Communist Establishment (New York: Modern Library, 2009); Adrian Pop, Originile si tipologia revolutiilor est-europene (Bucharest: Editura Enciclopedica, 2011); Florin Abraham, Provocari epistemologice ale totalitarismului: o metodologie a studiului regimurilor comuniste (Bucharest: Editura Muzeului National al Literaturii Romane, 2013), pp. The main socio-political group, theoretically a supporter of the regime, showed hostility towards the RCP and the Ceausescu family (see the workers' protests of 1977 and 1987 for better living conditions). It did not play any political role in the creation of the leading bodies of the Revolution (National Salvation Front).

Massive street protests, which could not be stopped by repression, were the decisive factor in the collapse of the regime. The private space was invaded by information about the "brilliant achievements of the brilliant leader" and the official public space contained only propaganda content. This consensualization strategy of the main actors in Romanian society was useful in reducing political-social tensions.

Compared to the communist period, the influence of the prime minister expanded and became the main decision-making factor of the executive branch. After the restructuring of the cabinet, decentralization of the central government was carried out, but transfer. One of the main problems was the need to educate the population to understand the mechanisms of the market economy.

In fact, it is not that dictatorial. dimension of the communist regime, which is valued, but the socio-economic benefits. The historic moment of unification will most likely generate the temporary consensualization of the Korean nation. The penetration of the South Korean capital into the economy of the North must be achieved gradually in order not to be.

Media will play a significant role in the process of political reconstruction and identity reconstruction of the Korean nation.

The Czech and the Slovenia Case

Today the Czech Republic is a member of the EU and NATO with a very normal future perspective. Indoctrination with socialist thinking will also be a major problem in the event of future Korean unification. Russia's interest in gaining access to the Mediterranean and US attempts to block it.

The faculty of social sciences (where mainly Marxist professors taught) had a monopoly on the supply of the journalists. Also the private commercial TV stations are more or less in the hands of the communists. This fact was related to the general economic depression and the naivety of the spiritual bankers.

It is one of the main arguments for the attacks on the church as an institution. The onset of the global economic crisis gave new impetus to left-wing Slovenian policies. So once upon a time, the best newcomer in the European Union turned into one of the worst.

This did not apply to the leftists, who went to the polls en masse. The new political situation in Slovenia is not in favor of the EU recommendation. This would lead the country to lack of basic amenities and cause a chaotic situation in the country.

The nostalgic memory of the former North Korea may be the most important obstacle on the road to democracy.

The Ukrainian Case

The article describes the process of transformation of the Ukrainian system through division based on the independence of the country. Parliament banned the Ukrainian Communist Party from the political sphere of Ukraine and nationalized its assets on 31 August following the collapse of the Soviet Communist Party. However, this was only a superficial measure and the former communist elites continued to control the country.

Although Ukraine was an associate member, the country participated in all activities of the organization. To deal with the crisis, Yushchenko, the governor of the National Bank of Ukraine, was appointed prime minister. In May 1997, Ukraine and Russia signed the agreement on the division of the Black Sea Fleet.

Even though he ran for the presidency in 2010, he could only have 5.5% of the votes in the first round. Natural gas from Russia was the largest import and the most important factor of structural trade deficit of the country. Yeltsin, who was chairman of the parliament, was elected as an independent in the 1991 presidential election.

Amidst the economic chaos of the 1990s, oligarchs emerged in Eastern Ukraine and Kiev, so similar to the Russian case. In May, the formation of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation was announced and the president became the commander-in-chief. On December 21, he signed an agreement on the establishment of the CIS with ten former Soviet summits.

Ukraine's sovereignty was declared on July 16, and independence on August 24, 1991.

The Kazakhstan Case

However, in the 18th century, Russians advanced into the Kazakh grasslands and incorporated Kazakhstan as part of the Russian Empire by the mid-19th century. He tried to take full advantage of the nation's various ethnic groups and the largest area of ​​Central Asia. According to the judgment of the Court, the president dissolved the parliament despite the opposition of the politicians.

Nazarbayev proposed moving the capital from Almaty in southeastern Kazakhstan to Astana in the north in 1994. In the October parliamentary elections, the new Fatherland Party won 23 (30%) of the 77 seats. The parliament, outnumbered by pro-ruling parties, approved the Constitutional Law "On the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan" in July 2000, which gave the first president exclusive legislative power and political status.

98 MPs were elected by proportional representation and 9 MPs represented the People's Assembly of Kazakhstan.113). On May 2, 1992, shortly after the declaration of independence, President Nazarbayev transformed the State Defense Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan into the Ministry of Defense. The Kazakh army was formed after the collapse of the Soviet Union, from units of the 40th Army in the Turkestan Soviet Military District.

The goal of Kazakhstan's diplomatic policy is considered to be the establishment of a favorable international environment for the successful implementation of the Strategy "Kazakhstan. Specifically, the declaration of sovereignty was announced on October Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, "Foreign Policy Concept,"

On the diplomatic front, Kazakhstan has changed its courses after the successful implementation of the system transformation policy.

The Irish Case

One of its most common forms is the integration of a set of smaller territories within a broader political entity, as in the case of the United States. In some cases, such division arose out of the ambitions of competing great powers, as in the partition of Poland. In still others, ethno-national differences formed at least part of the motivation – for example, the partition of Hungary (1920), Ireland (1922) and Cyprus (1974).

In terms of area, it is about one-third the size of the latter; but in terms of population it is less than one-tenth the size. This makes Germany, with a population only slightly larger than Korea's, a more obviously similar case, especially given the strong ideological dimension of the relationship between the two parts of what was formerly a single state. The Partition and Consolidation of the Irish Border Ireland had enjoyed at most symbolic unity before its relationship with England began in the twelfth century.

Ulster, and 65% Protestant), along with another new region called Southern Ireland (comprising the rest of the island and 90%. Each was given self-government within the United Kingdom.131) Southern Ireland steadily asserted its complete political independence from the U.K. national territory consists of the entire island of Ireland, its islands and territorial waters.

The next episode followed the highly divisive general election of 1948, Ireland's departure from the Commonwealth, and British legislation confirming Northern Ireland's status as part of the United Kingdom. However, this was offset by the tendency of minorities in both jurisdictions to emigrate at a disproportionately high rate. Thirdly, . 134) The Office published a number of pamphlets, a weekly bulletin and a substantial book, Handbook of the Ulster Question (Dublin: Stationery Office.

By the end of the twentieth century, the death toll from civil strife had reached nearly 3,500.

The Vietnamese Case

Theoretical Types

Distinctive Features


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