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로드 중.... (전체 텍스트 보기)

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(1)

변형 문제 (106문제)

18번 ~ 40번 (도표/실용문/장문 제외) 선답형 문제 : 40문제

서술형 문제 : 66문제

(2)

출제를 위해 수고하신 선생님들...(알파벳 및 가나다순)

BY 선생님 cony 선생님 GreatAh 선생님 INNoVation 선생님

jeongs123 선생님 myung7435 선생님 골지체 선생님 규림재희아빠 선생님

느낌적인느낌느낌 선생님 달링 선생님 데일리킹스 선생님 대박을원해요 선생님

동깨비 선생님 올리비아배 선생님 야옹48 선생님 영어 선생님

장돼지 선생님 준현아빠 선생님 참별맘 선생님 콩쌤 선생님

파란소 선생님 푸른돌 선생님 현민음아빠 선생님 쏭쌤 선생님

이상 문제출제를 위해 수고하신 24명의 선생님에게 감사를 드립니다.

검수를 위해 수고하신 아잉카 스텝진 25명의 선생님들께 감사를 드립니다.

기획 편집 esperanto79 선생님 최종 감수 Isaac 선생님

Our English Cafe 변형문제 검수

Our English Cafe 변형문제 편집 및 감수

Our English Cafe 변형문제 TFT 7기 – 2018년 3월 고1 학력평가

(3)

1. (A), (B), (C)의 각 괄호 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현 으로 가장 적절한 것은?1)

[201803H1_18목적추론_변형]

Dear Ms. Cross,

We are (A) [excited / exciting] to announce the opening of the newest Sunshine Stationery Store in Raleigh, North Carolina! As you know, the Sunshine Stationery Store has long been the industry standard for quality creative paper products of all kinds, and we (B) [shouldn't / couldn’t] have picked a better location for our next branch than the warm and inviting city of Raleigh. We are thrilled to welcome you to the Grand Opening of the Raleigh store on march 15, 2018. The opening celebration will be from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. – a full 12 hours of fun! We would love to show you all the Raleigh store has to offer and hope (C) [to see / seeing] you there on the 15th!

Sincerely Donna Deacon

(A) (B) (C)

① excited couldn’t to see

② exciting couldn’t to see

③ excited couldn’t seeing

④ exciting shouldn't seeing

⑤ excited shouldn't to see

2. 밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 대상이 나머지 넷과 다른 것은?2)

[201803H1_19심경추론_변형]

One day I caught a taxi to work. When I got into the back seat, I saw a brand new cell phone sitting right next to me. I asked the driver, “Where did

① you drop the last person off?” and showed him the phone. He pointed at a girl walking up the street. We drove up to ② her and I rolled down the window yelling out to her. She was very thankful and by the look on ③ her face I could tell how grateful she was.

Her smile made me smile and feel really good inside.

After ④ she got the phone back, I heard someone walking past her say, “Today’s ⑤ your lucky day!”

3. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? 3)

[201803H1_20지칭추론_변형]

Serene tried to do a pirouette in front of her mother but fell to the floor. Serene’s mother helped her off the floor. She told her that she had to keep trying if she wanted to succeed. However, Serene was almost in tears. She had been practicing very hard the past week but she did not seem to improve. Serene’s mother said that she herself had tried many times before succeeding at Serene’s age. She had fallen so often that she sprained her ankle and had to rest for three months before she was allowed to dance again.

Serene was surprised. Her mother was a famous ballerina and to Serene, her mother had never fallen or made a mistake in any of her performances.

Listening to her mother made her realize that she had to put in more effort than what she had been doing so far.

* pirouette 피루엣(한쪽 발로 서서 빠르게 도는 발레 동작)

① Patience Is a Virtue

② Practice Makes Perfect

③ Honesty Is the Best Policy

④ Blood Is Thicker Than Water

⑤ Don't Judge a Book by Its Cover

(4)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type A

4. (A), (B), (C)의 각 괄호 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현 으로 가장 적절한 것은?4)

[201803H1_21주장추론_변형]

Many people think of what might happen in the future based on past failures and get trapped by them. For example, if you have failed in a certain area before, when (A) [faced / facing] with the same situation, you anticipate what might happen in the future, and thus fear traps you in yesterday. Do not base your decision on (B) [which / what] yesterday was. Also avoid making a decision about something that hasn't happened yet. Your future is not your past and you have a better future. You must decide to forget and let go of your past. Your past experiences are the thief of today’s dreams only when you allow them (C) [to control / controling] you.

* anticipate: 예상하다

(A) (B) (C)

① facing which to control

② facing what controling

③ faced which controling

④ faced what controling

⑤ faced what to control

5. Storyteller에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?5)

[201803H1_22주제추론_변형]

Storyteller Syd Lieberman suggests that it is the story in history that provides the nail to hang facts on.

Students remember historical facts when they are tied to a story. According to a report, a high school in Boulder, Colorado, is currently experimenting with a study of presentation of historical material. Storytellers present material in dramatic context to the students, and group discussion follows. Students are encouraged to read further. In contrast, another group of students is involved in traditional research/report techniques.

The study indicates that the material presented by the storytellers has much more interest and personal impact than that gained via the traditional method.

① 학생들은 역사적 사실이 이야기에 결합되어 있을 때 기억한다.

② 한 고등학교에서 역사 자료를 제시하는 것에 대한 연 구를 실험하고 있다.

③ 스토리텔러들은 자료를 극적인 맥락에 넣어 제시한다.

④ 스토리텔러들은 학생들이 더 많은 자료를 읽도록 장려 한다.

⑤ 전통적인 방법의 자료가 스토리텔러에 제시된 자료보 다 개인적인 영향을 지닌다.

6. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것은?6)

[201803H1_23요지추론_변형]

Experts advise people ① to “take the stairs instead of the elevator” or “walk or bike to work.” These are good strategies: climbing stairs provides a good workout, and people who walk or ride a bicycle for transportation most often ② meet their needs for physical activity. Many people, however, face barriers in their environment ③ that prevent such choices. Few people would choose to walk or bike on roadways that lack safe sidewalks or marked bicycle lanes, where vehicles speed by, or where the air is polluted. ④ Few would choose to walk up stairs in inconvenient and unsafe stairwells in modern buildings. In contrast, people ⑤ lived in neighborhoods with safe biking and walking lanes, public parks, and freely available exercise facilities use them often — their surroundings encourage physical activity.

* stairwell 계단을 포함한 건물의 수직 공간

(5)

7. 다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?7)

[201803H1_24제목추론_변형]

How can we teach our children to memorize a broad range of information? Let me prove to you that all people are potential geniuses, with brains designed to store, control, and remember large amounts of information through memorization by repetition.

Imagine the grocery store where you shop the most. If I asked you to tell me where the eggs are, would you be able to do so? Of course you could. The average grocery store carries over 10,000 items, yet you can quickly tell me where to find most of them. Why? The store is organized by category, and you have shopped in the store repeatedly. In other words, you’ve seen those organized items over and over again, and the arrangement by category makes it easy for you to memorize the store’s layout. You can categorize 10,000 items from just one store.

① 범주별 정리를 통해 기억력을 향상 시켜라.

② 아이들에게 품목별 정리 하는 습관을 키워라.

③ 정보 처리를 위해 아이들에게 다양한 방법을 가르쳐 라.

④ 정보를 사용하기 위해 범주별 항복을 정하는 것이 좋 다.

⑤ 물품들을 범주별로 정리 하면 정보를 더 많이 얻을 수 있다.

8. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? 8)

[201803H1_28내용일치_변형]

Mae C. Jemison was named the first black woman astronaut in 1987. On September 12, 1992, she boarded the space shuttle Endeavor as a science mission specialist on the historic eight­day flight.

Jemison left the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) in 1993. She was a professor of Environmental Studies at Dartmouth College from 1995 to 2002. Jemison was born in Decatur, Alabama, and moved to Chicago with her family when she was three years old. She graduated from Stanford University in 1977 with a degree in chemical engineering and Afro­American studies. Jemison received her medical degree from Cornell Medical School in 1981.

① The Life Story of the Versatile Figure

② The Achievements in NASA of a Black Woman

③ The First Woman Astronaut to Conquer Adversity

④ One black Woman's Efforts to Obtain Various Degrees

⑤ Jemison's Contribution to the Environment as a Professor of Environmental Studies

9. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?9)

[201803H1_29어법추론_변형]

The first underwater photographs were taken by an Englishman named William Thompson. In 1856, he waterproofed a simple box camera, attached it to a pole, and lowered it beneath the waves off the coast of southern England. During the 10­minute exposure, the camera slowly flooded with seawater, but the picture survived. Underwater photography was born.

Near the surface, where the water is clear and there is enough light, it is quite possible for an amateur photographer to take great shots with an inexpensive underwater camera. At greater depths — it is dark and cold there — photography is the principal way of exploring a mysterious deep­sea world, 95 percent of which has never been seen before.

* exposure 노출

① 최초의 수중 사진을 1856년에 찍었다.

② 수중 카메라는 영국인이 처음 만들었다.

③ 바닷속에서 10분간 촬영을 지속할 수 있었다.

④ 충분한 빛이 있다면 저렴한 사진으로 수면 근처에서라 도 사진을 찍을 수 있다.

⑤ 깊고 어두운 수심에서 사진을 찍는 것이 탐험하는 유 일한 방법이다.

(6)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type A

10. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은? 10)

[201803H1_30어휘추론_변형]

Honesty is a fundamental part of every strong relationship. Use it to your advantage by being open with what you feel and giving a truthful opinion when asked. This approach can help you escape uncomfortable social situations and make friends with honest people. Follow this simple policy in life — never lie. When you develop a reputation for always telling the truth, you will enjoy strong relationships based on trust. It will also be more difficult to manipulate you.

People who lie get into trouble when someone threatens to uncover their lie. By living true to yourself, you’ll avoid a lot of headaches. Your relationships will also be free from the poison of lies and secrets. Don’t be afraid to be honest with your friends, no matter how painful the truth is. In the long term, lies with good intentions hurt people much more than telling the truth.

* manipulate (사람을) 조종하다

① some ways to strengthen social relationship

② effects of telling lies on one’s physical condition

③ need for keeping honest despite some discomfort

④ advantages of white lies made in a timely manner

⑤ various approaches to being friends with someone

11. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?11)

[201803H1_31빈칸추론_변형]

Since a great deal of day­to­day academic work is boring and repetitive, you need to be well motivated to keep doing it. A mathematician sharpens her pencils, works on a proof, tries a few approaches, gets nowhere, and finishes for the day. A writer sits down at his desk, produces a few hundred words, decides they are no good, throws them in the bin, and hopes for better inspiration tomorrow. To produce something worthwhile — if it ever happens — may require years of such fruitless labor. The Nobel Prize­winning biologist Peter Medawar said that about four­fifths of his time in science was wasted, adding sadly that “nearly all scientific research leads nowhere.” What kept all of these people going when things were going badly was their passion for their subject. Without such passion, they would have achieved nothing.

* proof (수학) 증명

① A Stitch in Time Saves Nine

② A Little Knowledge Is Dangerous

③ Actions Speak Louder Than Words

④ A Bad Workman Blames His Tools

⑤ Failure Is but a Stepping Stone to Success

12. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?12)

[201803H1_32빈칸추론_변형]

Within a store, the wall marks the back of the store, but not the end of the marketing. Merchandisers often use the back wall as a magnet, because it means that people have to walk through the whole store. This is a good thing because distance traveled relates more directly to sales per entering customer than any other measurable consumer variable. Sometimes, the wall’s attraction is simply appealing to the senses, a wall decoration that catches the eye or a sound that catches the ear. Sometimes the attraction is specific goods. In supermarkets, the dairy is often at the back, because people frequently come just for milk. At video rental shops, it’s the new releases.

* merchandiser 상품 판매업자 ** variable 변수

① Make All the Goods Appealing to the Target

② The Beginning of the Marketing: Remove the Walls

③ Top Strategy for Sales: Making All the Walls Colorful

④ The ABC of the Sales: Short Distance for the Customers to Move

⑤ A Good Tip for More Sales: Make Good Use of The Back Wall of Your Store!

(7)

13. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것 은?13)

[201803H1_33빈칸추론_변형]

The good news is, ① where you end up ten years from now is up to you. You are free to choose

② what you want to make of your life. It’s called free will and it’s your basic right. What’s more, you can turn it on instantly! At any moment, you can choose to start showing more respect for ③ you or stop hanging out with friends who bring you down. After all, you choose to be happy or miserable. The reality is ④ that although you are free to choose, you can’t choose the consequences of your choices. It’s a package deal. As the old saying goes, “If you pick up one end of the stick, you pick up ⑤ the other.”

Choice and consequence go together like mashed potatoes and gravy.

* gravy (육즙을 이용해 만든) 소스

14. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?14)

[201803H1_34빈칸추론_변형]

Just think for a moment of all the people upon whom your participation in your class depends. Clearly, the class requires a teacher to teach it and students to take it. However, it also depends on many other people and organizations. Someone had to decide when the class would be held and in what room, communicate that information to you, and enroll you in that class. Someone also had to write a textbook, and with the assistance of many other people — printers, editors, salespeople, and bookstore employees

— it has arrived in your hands. Thus, a class that seems to involve just you, your fellow students, and your teacher is in fact the product of the efforts of hundreds of people.

① 수준별 수업이 필요하다

② 수업에 적극적으로 참여해야한다.

③ 좋은 수업을 위해서는 좋은 책이 필요하다.

④ 책을 제작하는 데에는 많은 사람들의 도움이 필요하 다.

⑤ 수업을 하는 데에 많은 사람들의 노력과 협력이 필요 하다.

15. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?15)

[201803H1_35순서추론_변형]

Suppose that you are busy working on a project one day and you have no time to buy lunch. All of a sudden your best friend shows up with your favorite sandwich. He tells you that he knows you are busy and he wants to help you out by buying you the sandwich. In this case, you are very likely to appreciate your friend’s help. However, if a stranger shows up with the same sandwich and offers it to you, you won’t appreciate it. Instead, you would be confused.

You would likely think “Who are you, and how do you know what kind of sandwich I like to eat?” The key difference between these two cases is the level of trust. You trust your best friend so much that you won’t worry about him knowing you too well, but you certainly would not give the same level of trust to a stranger.

① Be Careful of Strangers

② Meals : The Power of Life in Work

③ Don’t Ignore the Kindness of Others

④ A Friendship Is Important in Our Lives

⑤ Faith : The Key of the Human Relationship

(8)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type A

16. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?16)

[201803H1_36순서추론_변형]

If you start collecting and analyzing data without first clarifying the question you are trying to answer, you’re probably doing yourself more harm than good. You’ll end up drowning in a flood of information and realize only later that most of that research was a waste of time. To avoid this problem, you should develop a problem­solving design plan before you start collecting information. In the design plan, you clarify the issues you are trying to solve, state your hypotheses, and list what is required to prove those hypotheses.

Developing this plan before you start researching will greatly increase your problem­solving productivity. In addition, putting your plan down on paper will not only clarify your thoughts. If you’re working in a group, this plan will also help your team focus on what to do and provide the starting point for your group brainstorming.

* hypothesis 가설

① ways to collect and analyzing data

② advantages of group brainstorming

③ importance of clarifying the problem

④ necessity of setting plans before researching

⑤ various approaches to problem-solving design

17. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?17)

[201803H1_37문장삽입_변형]

The philosopher G. A. Cohen provides an example of a camping trip as a metaphor for the ideal society. On a camping trip, he argues, it is unimaginable that someone would say something like, “I cooked the dinner and therefore you can’t eat it unless you pay me for my superior cooking skills.” Rather, one person cooks dinner, another sets up the tent, another purifies the water, and so on, each in accordance with his or her abilities. All these goods are shared and a spirit of community makes all participants happier. A camping trip where each person attempted to gain the maximum rewards from the other campers in exchange for the use of his or her talents would quickly end in disaster and unhappiness. Moreover, the experience would be ruined if people were to behave in such a way. So, we would have a better life in a more equal and cooperative society.

* metaphor 비유

① Pleasure of Community Life

② The Purpose of a Camping Trip

③ A Camping Trip for a Better Life

④ How to Gain the Maximum Rewards

⑤ Ideal Society : Equality and Cooperation

18. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 어법상 틀린 것 은?18)

[201803H1_38문장삽입_변형]

In the classical fairy tale the conflict is often permanently ① resolved. Without exception, the hero and heroine live happily ever after. By contrast, many present­day stories have a less definitive ending. Often the conflict in those stories ② is only partly resolved, or a new conflict appears making the audience think further. This is particularly true of thriller and horror genres, ③ where audiences are kept on the edge of their seats throughout. Consider Henrik Ibsen’s play, A Doll’s House, ④ which, in the end, Nora leaves her family and marriage. Nora disappears out of the front door and we are left with many unanswered questions such as “Where did Nora go?” and “What will happen

to her?” An open ending is a powerful tool,

⑤ providing food for thought that forces the audience to think about what might happen next.

* definitive 확정적인

(9)

19. (A), (B), (C)의 각 괄호 안에서 어법에 맞는 표현 으로 가장 적절한 것은?19)

[201803H1_39무관한문장_변형]

In 2006, 81% of surveyed American shoppers said that they considered online customer ratings and reviews important when planning a purchase. Though an online comment — positive or negative — is not as (A) [powerful / powerfully] as a direct interpersonal exchange, it can be very important for a business.

Many people depend on online recommendations. And young people rely heavily on them and are very likely to be influenced by the Internet when (B) [decided / deciding] what movie to see or what album to purchase. These individuals often have wide­reaching social networks and communicate regularly with dozens of others — with the potential to reach thousands. It has (C) [been reported / reported] that young people aged six to 24 influence about 50% of all spending in the US.

(A) (B) (C)

① powerful deciding reported

② powerfully decided reported

③ powerfully deciding been reported

④ powerful deciding been reported

⑤ powerfully decided been reported

20. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? 20)

[201803H1_40요약문추론_변형]

Crows are a remarkably clever family of birds. They are capable of solving many more complex problems compared to other birds, such as chickens. After hatching, chickens peck busily for their own food much faster than crows, which rely on the parent bird to bring them food in the nest. However, as adults, chickens have very limited hunting skills whereas crows are much more flexible in hunting for food. Crows also end up with bigger and more complex brains.

Their extended period between hatching and flight from the nest enables them to develop intelligence.

* peck (모이를) 쪼아 먹다

① 까마귀는 닭보다 영리한 조류이다.

② 까마귀는 문제해결 능력이 뛰어나다.

③ 까마귀는 어미새에게 의존을 많이 한다.

④ 까마귀와 닭은 사냥하는 방법의 차이가 있다.

⑤ 까마귀는 먹이를 찾는데 있어서 훨씬 더 유리하다.

(10)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type B

21. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르 시오.21)

[201803H1_18목적추론_변형]

Dear Ms. Cross,

We are excited to announce the opening of the newest Sunshine Stationery Store in Raleigh, North Carolina! As you know, the Sunshine Stationery Store has long been the industry standard for quality creative paper products of all kinds, and we

than the warm and inviting city of Raleigh. We are thrilled to welcome you to the Grand Opening of the Raleigh store on march 15, 2018. The opening celebration will be from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. – a full 12 hours of fun! We would love to show you all the Raleigh store has to offer and hope to see you there on the 15th!

Sincerely Donna Deacon

① have never seen a place more beautiful

② need to find and develop a worse environment

③ have to choose a better location for the next spot

④ could not have picked a better location for our next branch

⑤ have to find a more suitable environment for technology development

22. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.22)

[201803H1_19심경추론_변형]

He pointed at a girl walking up the street.

One day I caught a taxi to work. When I got into the back seat, I saw a brand new cell phone sitting right next to me. ( ① ) I asked the driver, “Where did you drop the last person off?” and showed him the phone. ( ② ) We drove up to her and I rolled down the window yelling out to her. ( ③ ) She was very thankful and by the look on her face I could tell how grateful she was. ( ④ ) Her smile made me smile and feel really good inside. ( ⑤ ) After she got the phone back, I heard someone walking past her say, “Today’s your lucky day!”

23. 다음 글의 내용을 한 문장으로 요약하고자 한다.

빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것 은?23)

[201803H1_20지칭추론_변형]

Serene tried to do a pirouette in front of her mother but fell to the floor. Serene’s mother helped her off the floor. She told her that she had to keep trying if she wanted to succeed. However, Serene was almost in tears. She had been practicing very hard the past week but she did not seem to improve. Serene’s mother said that she herself had tried many times before succeeding at Serene’s age. She had fallen so often that she sprained her ankle and had to rest for three months before she was allowed to dance again.

Serene was surprised. Her mother was a famous ballerina and to Serene, her mother had never fallen or made a mistake in any of her performances.

Listening to her mother made her realize that she had to put in more effort than what she had been doing so far.

* pirouette 피루엣(한쪽 발로 서서 빠르게 도는 발레 동작)

According to the story, (A) effort is required to (B) in one's field.

(A) (B)

① steady success

② occasional success

③ steady failure

④ occasional failure

⑤ unchanged adjustment

(11)

24. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르 시오.24)

[201803H1_21주장추론_변형]

Many people think of what might happen in the future based on past failures and get trapped by them. For example, if you have failed in a certain area before, when faced with the same situation, you anticipate what might happen in the future, and thus fear traps you in yesterday. Do not base your decision on what yesterday was. Your future is not your past and you have a better future. You must decide to forget and let go of your past. Your past experiences are only when you allow them to control you.

* anticipate: 예상하다

① the trap you can escape

② your most important asset

③ the thief of today’s dreams

④ useless lessons to you now

⑤ the product of your thoughts

25. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절 한 것을 고르시오.25)

[201803H1_22주제추론_변형]

Storyteller Syd Lieberman suggests that it is the story in history that provides the nail to hang facts on.

Students remember historical facts when they are tied to a story.

(A) The study indicates that the material presented by the storytellers has much more interest and personal impact than that gained via the traditional method.

(B) According to a report, a high school in Boulder, Colorado, is currently experimenting with a study of presentation of historical material.

(C) Storytellers present material in dramatic context to the students, and group discussion follows.

Students are encouraged to read further. In contrast, another group of students is involved in traditional research/report techniques.

① (A) - (C) - (B) ② (B) - (A) - (C)

③ (B) - (C) - (A) ④ (C) - (A) - (B)

⑤ (C) - (B) - (A)

26. 다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적 절한 것은?26)

201803H1_23요지추론_변형]

Experts advise people to “take the stairs instead of the elevator” or “walk or bike to work.” These are good strategies: climbing stairs provides a good workout, and people who walk or ride a bicycle for transportation most often meet their needs for physical activity. Many people, (A) , face barriers in their environment that prevent such choices. Few people would choose to walk or bike on roadways that lack safe sidewalks or marked bicycle lanes, where vehicles speed by, or where the air is polluted. Few would choose to walk up stairs in inconvenient and unsafe stairwells in modern buildings. (B) , people living in neighborhoods with safe biking and walking lanes, public parks, and freely available exercise facilities use them often — their surroundings encourage physical activity.

* stairwell 계단을 포함한 건물의 수직 공간

(A) (B)

① therefore Besides

② therefore For instance

③ however In contrast

④ however Similarly

⑤ in contrast However

(12)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type B

27. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절 한 것을 고르시오.27)

[201803H1_24제목추론_변형]

How can we teach our children to memorize a broad range of information?

(A) If I asked you to tell me where the eggs are, would you be able to do so? Of course you could. The average grocery store carries over 10,000 items, yet you can quickly tell me where to find most of them. Why? The store is organized by category, and you have shopped in the store repeatedly.

(B) In other words, you’ve seen those organized items over and over again, and the arrangement by category makes it easy for you to memorize the store’s layout. You can categorize 10,000 items from just one store.

(C) Let me prove to you that all people are potential geniuses, with brains designed to store, control, and remember large amounts of information through memorization by repetition. Imagine the grocery store where you shop the most.

① (A) - (C) - (B) ② (B) - (A) - (C)

③ (B) - (C) - (A) ④ (C) - (A) - (B)

⑤ (C) - (B) - (A)

28. 다음 글에서 전체 흐름과 관계 없는 문장은? 28)

[201803H1_28내용일치_변형]

Mae C. Jemison was named the first black woman astronaut in 1987. ① On September 12, 1992, she boarded the space shuttle Endeavor as a science mission specialist on the historic eight­day flight.

② This space shuttle was known for operating the longest hours at that time. ③ Jemison left the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) in 1993. ④ She was a professor of Environmental Studies at Dartmouth College from 1995 to 2002.

⑤ Jemison was born in Decatur, Alabama, and moved to Chicago with her family when she was three years old. She graduated from Stanford University in 1977 with a degree in chemical engineering and Afro­American studies. Jemison received her medical degree from Cornell Medical School in 1981.

29. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.29)

[201803H1_29어법추론_변형]

Underwater photography was born.

The first underwater photographs were taken by an Englishman named William Thompson. ( ① ) In 1856, he waterproofed a simple box camera, attached it to a pole, and lowered it beneath the waves off the coast of southern England. ( ② ) During the 10­minute exposure, the camera slowly flooded with seawater, but the picture survived. ( ③ ) Near the surface, where the water is clear and there is enough light, it is quite possible for an amateur photographer to take great shots with an inexpensive underwater camera. ( ④ ) At greater depths — it is dark and cold there — photography is the principal way of exploring a mysterious deep­sea world, 95 percent of which has never been seen before. ( ⑤ )

* exposure 노출

(13)

30. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르 시오. 30)

[201803H1_30어휘추론_변형]

Honesty is a fundamental part of every strong relationship. Use it to your advantage by being open with what you feel and giving a truthful opinion when asked. This approach can help you escape uncomfortable social situations and make friends with honest people. Follow this simple policy in life — never lie. When you develop a reputation for always telling the truth, you will enjoy strong relationships based on trust. It will also be more difficult to manipulate you.

People who lie get into trouble when someone threatens to uncover their lie. By living true to yourself, you’ll avoid a lot of headaches. Your relationships will also be free from the poison of lies and secrets. Don’t be afraid to be honest with your friends, no matter how painful the truth is. In the long term, lies with good intentions hurt people much more than telling the truth.

* manipulate (사람을) 조종하다

① should be avoided in case of being threatened

② help someone make friends and enjoy social life

③ lead to worse consequences than does the truth

④ can remedy the pain from poor social relationships

⑤ encourage people much more than telling the truth

31. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.31)

[201803H1_31빈칸추론_변형]

What kept all of these people going when things were going badly was their passion for their subject.

Since a great deal of day­to­day academic work is boring and repetitive, you need to be well motivated to keep doing it. ( ① ) A mathematician sharpens her pencils, works on a proof, tries a few approaches, gets nowhere, and finishes for the day. ( ② ) A writer sits down at his desk, produces a few hundred words, decides they are no good, throws them in the bin, and hopes for better inspiration tomorrow. ( ③ ) To produce something worthwhile — if it ever happens — may require years of such fruitless labor. ( ④ ) The Nobel Prize­winning biologist Peter Medawar said that about four­fifths of his time in science was wasted, adding sadly that “nearly all scientific research leads nowhere.” ( ⑤ ) Without such passion, they would have achieved nothing.

* proof (수학) 증명

32. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.32)

[201803H1_32빈칸추론_변형]

Sometimes, the wall’s attraction is simply appealing to the senses, a wall decoration that catches the eye or a sound that catches the ear.

Within a store, the wall marks the back of the store, but not the end of the marketing. ( ① ) Merchandisers often use the back wall as a magnet, because it means that people have to walk through the whole store. ( ② ) This is a good thing because distance traveled relates more directly to sales per entering customer than any other measurable consumer variable. ( ③ ) Sometimes the attraction is specific goods. ( ④ ) In supermarkets, the dairy is often at the back, because people frequently come just for milk.

( ⑤ ) At video rental shops, it’s the new releases.

* merchandiser 상품 판매업자 ** variable 변수

(14)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type B

33. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절 한 것을 고르시오.33)

[201811H1_33빈칸추론_변형]

The good news is, where you end up ten years from now is up to you. You are free to choose what you want to make of your life.

(A) As the old saying goes, “If you pick up one end of the stick, you pick up the other.” Choice and consequence go together like mashed potatoes and gravy.

(B) After all, you choose to be happy or miserable.

The reality is that although you are free to choose, you can’t choose the consequences of your choices. It’s a package deal.

(C) It’s called free will and it’s your basic right. What’s more, you can turn it on instantly! At any moment, you can choose to start showing more respect for yourself or stop hanging out with friends who bring you down.

* gravy (육즙을 이용해 만든) 소스

① (A) - (C) - (B) ② (B) - (A) - (C)

③ (B) - (C) - (A) ④ (C) - (A) - (B)

⑤ (C) - (B) - (A)

34. 다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적 절한 것은?34)

[201803H1_34빈칸추론_변형]

Just think for a moment of all the people upon whom your participation in your class depends. Clearly, the class requires a teacher to teach it and students to take it. (A) , it also depends on many other people and organizations. Someone had to decide when the class would be held and in what room, communicate that information to you, and enroll you in that class. Someone also had to write a textbook, and with the assistance of many other people — printers, editors, salespeople, and bookstore employees

— it has arrived in your hands. (B) , a class that seems to involve just you, your fellow students, and your teacher is in fact the product of the efforts of hundreds of people.

(A) (B)

① However Furthermore

② However Thus

③ In fact Thus

④ In fact Meanwhile

⑤ In addition Similarly

35. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.35)

[201803H1_35순서추론_변형]

However, if a stranger shows up with the same sandwich and offers it to you, you won’t appreciate it.

Suppose that you are busy working on a project one day and you have no time to buy lunch. All of a sudden your best friend shows up with your favorite sandwich. He tells you that he knows you are busy and he wants to help you out by buying you the sandwich. ( ① ) In this case, you are very likely to appreciate your friend’s help. ( ② ) Instead, you would be confused. ( ③ ) You would likely think “Who are you, and how do you know what kind of sandwich I like to eat?” ( ④ ) The key difference between these two cases is the level of trust. ( ⑤ ) You trust your best friend so much that you won’t worry about him knowing you too well, but you certainly would not give the same level of trust to a stranger.

36. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르 시오.36)

[201803H1_36순서추론_변형]

If you start collecting and analyzing data without first you are trying to answer, you’re probably doing yourself more harm than good. You’ll end up drowning in a flood of information and realize only later that most of that research was a waste of time. To avoid this problem, you should develop a problem­solving design plan before you start collecting information. In the design plan, you clarify the issues you are trying to solve, state your hypotheses, and list what is required to prove those hypotheses.

Developing this plan before you start researching will greatly increase your problem­solving productivity. In addition, putting your plan down on paper will not only clarify your thoughts. If you’re working in a group, this plan will also help your team focus on what to do and provide the starting point for your group brainstorming.

* hypothesis 가설

① clarifying the question

② setting goals before researching

③ thinking deeply about the question

④ trying to find out the worst problem

⑤ considering the process of problem-solving

(15)

37. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.37)

[201803H1_37문장삽입_변형]

All these goods are shared and a spirit of community makes all participants happier.

The philosopher G. A. Cohen provides an example of a camping trip as a metaphor for the ideal society.

( ① ) On a camping trip, he argues, it is unimaginable that someone would say something like, “I cooked the dinner and therefore you can’t eat it unless you pay me for my superior cooking skills.” ( ② ) Rather, one person cooks dinner, another sets up the tent, another purifies the water, and so on, each in accordance with his or her abilities. ( ③ ) A camping trip where each person attempted to gain the maximum rewards from the other campers in exchange for the use of his or her talents would quickly end in disaster and unhappiness. ( ④ ) Moreover, the experience would be ruined if people were to behave in such a way.

( ⑤ ) So, we would have a better life in a more equal and cooperative society.

* metaphor 비유

38. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르 시오.38)

[201803H1_38문장삽입_변형]

In the classical fairy tale the conflict is often permanently resolved. Without exception, the hero and heroine live happily ever after. By contrast, many present­day stories have a less definitive ending. Often the conflict in those stories is only partly resolved, or a new conflict appears making the audience think further. This is particularly true of thriller and horror genres, where audiences are kept on the edge of their seats throughout. Consider Henrik Ibsen’s play, A Doll’s House, where, in the end, Nora leaves her family and marriage. Nora disappears out of the front door and we are left with many unanswered questions such as

“Where did Nora go?” and “What will happen to her?”

A(n) is a powerful tool, providing food for thought that forces the audience to think about what might happen next.

* definitive 확정적인

① storytelling

② open ending

③ ethical theme

④ happy ending

⑤ negative ending

39. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.39)

[201803H1_39무관한문장_변형]

These individuals often have wide­ reaching social networks and communicate regularly with dozens of others — with the potential to reach thousands.

In 2006, 81% of surveyed American shoppers said that they considered online customer ratings and reviews important when planning a purchase. ( ① ) Though an online comment — positive or negative — is not as powerful as a direct interpersonal exchange, it can be very important for a business. ( ② ) Many people depend on online recommendations. ( ③ ) And young people rely heavily on them and are very likely to be influenced by the Internet when deciding what movie to see or what album to purchase. ( ④ ) It has been reported that young people aged six to 24 influence about 50% of all spending in the US. ( ⑤ )

40. 글의 흐름으로 보아, 주어진 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오. 40)

[201803H1_40요약문추론_변형]

Crows also end up with bigger and more complex brains.

Crows are a remarkably clever family of birds. ( ① ) They are capable of solving many more complex problems compared to other birds, such as chickens.

( ② ) After hatching, chickens peck busily for their own food much faster than crows, which rely on the parent bird to bring them food in the nest. ( ③ ) However, as adults, chickens have very limited hunting skills whereas crows are much more flexible in hunting for food. ( ④ ) Their extended period between hatching and flight from the nest enables them to develop intelligence. ( ⑤ )

(16)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type C

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_18목적추론_변형]

Dear Ms. Cross,

We are excited to announce the opening of the newest Sunshine Stationery Store in Raleigh, North Carolina! As you know, the Sunshine Stationery Store has long been the industry standard for quality creative paper products of all kinds, and 저희는 다음 지점으로 온정이 있고 매력적인 Raleigh시보다 더 나은 장소를 선택할 수 없었을 것입니다. We are thrilled to welcome you to the Grand Opening of the Raleigh store on march 15, 2018. The opening celebration will be from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. – a full 12 hours of fun! We would love to show you all the Raleigh store has to offer and hope to see you there on the 15th!

Sincerely Donna Deacon

41. 윗글의 밑줄 친 우리말과 같도록 아래 <조건>을 참고하여 알맞게 영작하시오.41)

<조건>

- 비교급 이용할 것, 총 12 단어

- 다음 단어 사용할 것 : pick, branch (어형변화 주의)

the warm and inviting city of Raleigh.

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_19심경추론_변형]

One day I caught a taxi to work. When I got into the back seat, I saw a brand new cell phone sitting right next to me. I asked the driver, “Where did you drop the last person off?” and showed him the phone.

He pointed at a girl walking up the street. We drove up to her and I rolled down the window yelling out to her. She was very thankful and by the look on her face I could tell how grateful she was. 그녀의 미소는 나를 미소 짓게 만들었고 정말 좋은 기분이 들게 했다.

After she got the phone back, I heard someone walking past her say, “Today’s your lucky day!”

42. 윗글의 밑줄 친 우리말과 같도록 아래 <보기>에 주어진 단어들을 모두 이용하여 어법에 맞게 쓰시오.42)

<보기>

me / she / good / make / smile / really / inside / and / smile / feel

(17)

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_20지칭추론_변형]

Serene tried to do a pirouette in front of her mother but fell to the floor. Serene’s mother helped her off the floor. She told her that she had to keep trying if she wanted to succeed. However, Serene was almost in tears. She had been practicing very hard the past week but she did not seem to improve. Serene’s mother said that she herself had tried many times before succeeding at Serene’s age. She had fallen so often that she sprained her ankle and had to rest for three months before she was allowed to dance again.

Serene was surprised. Her mother was a famous ballerina and to Serene, her mother had never fallen or made a mistake in any of her performances. 그녀의 말을 듣고 자신이 노력해야 한다는 것을 깨달았다 than what she had been doing so far.

* pirouette 피루엣(한쪽 발로 서서 빠르게 도는 발레 동작)

43. 윗글의 밑줄 친 우리말과 같은 의미가 되도록 아래 <조건>을 참고하여 영작하시오43)

<조건>

- listen / make / realize / put 활용, 총 15단어 - 사역동사 활용할 것, 어형변화 주의

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_21주장추론_변형]

Many people think of what might happen in the future based on past failures and get trapped by them. For example, if you have failed in a certain area before, (A) 똑같은 상황에 직면할 때, you anticipate what might happen in the future, and thus fear traps you in yesterday. Do not base your decision on what (B) was. Your future is not your past and you have a better future. You must decide to forget and let go of your past. Your past experiences are the thief of today’s dreams only when you allow them to control you.

* anticipate: 예상하다

44. 윗글의 밑줄 친 (A)의 우리말과 같도록 아래

<조건>에 맞추어 영작하시오. 44)

<조건>

- with / face / the / situation / same / when 만을 이용할 것

- 동사 형태 변화시킬 것

45. 윗글의 빈칸 (B)에 들어갈 단어 하나를 본문에서 찾아 쓰시오. 45)

(18)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type C

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_22주제추론_변형]

Storyteller Syd Lieberman suggests that it is the story in history that provides the nail to hang facts on.

Students remember historical facts when they are tied to a story. According to a report, a high school in Boulder, Colorado, is currently experimenting with a study of presentation of historical material. Storytellers present material in dramatic context to the students, and group discussion follows. Students are encouraged to read further. In contrast, another group of students is involved in traditional research/report techniques.

이 연구는 스토리텔러들에 의해서 제시된 자료가 전통적 인 방법을 통해서 얻은 자료보다 훨씬 더 많은 흥미와 개인적인 영향을 지닌다는 것을 보여 준다.

46. 윗글의 밑줄 친 우리말과 같도록 아래 <보기>의 단어를 알맞게 배열하시오.46)

<보기>

by the stroytellers / indicates / that / much / the traditional method / and / interest / gained / personal impact / via / has / more / The study / that / the material / presented / than

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_23요지추론_변형]

Experts advise people to “take the stairs instead of the elevator” or “walk or bike to work.” These are good strategies: 계단을 오르는 것은 좋은 운동이 되고, 이동 수단으로써 걷거나 자전거를 타는 사람들은 대개 신체적 활동에 대한 필요를 충족시킨다. Many people, however, face barriers in their environment that prevent such choices. Few people would choose to walk or bike on roadways that lack safe sidewalks or marked bicycle lanes, where vehicles speed by, or where the air is polluted. Few would choose to walk up stairs in inconvenient and unsafe stairwells in modern buildings. In contrast, people living in neighborhoods with safe biking and walking lanes, public parks, and freely available exercise facilities use them often — their surroundings encourage physical activity.

* stairwell 계단을 포함한 건물의 수직 공간

47. 윗글의 밑줄 친 우리말과 같도록 아래 <보기>의 단어를 알맞게 배열하시오.47)

<보기>

who / climb / people / a good workout, / and / a bicycle / often / most / for / transportation / needs / walk / their / meet / stairs / physical activity / or / provide / ride / for

<조건>

- <보기> 중 2 단어 어형 변화, 단어 추가 없음

(19)

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_24제목추론_변형]

How can we teach our children to memorize a broad range of information? Let me prove to you that all people are potential geniuses, ① with brains design to store, control, and remember large amounts of information through memorization by repetition.

Imagine ② the grocery store which you shop the most. ③ If I asked you to tell me what the eggs are, would you be able to do so? Of course you could.

The average grocery store carries over 10,000 items,

④ yet you can quickly tell me where to find most of them. Why? The store is organized by category, and

⑤ you have shopped in the store repeatedly. In other words, you’ve seen those organized items over and over again, and (A) 범주에 의한 배열은 여러분이 그 가 게의 배치를 기억하기 쉽게 해 준다. You can categorize 10,000 items from just one store.

48. 윗글의 밑줄 친 (A)의 우리말과 같도록 아래

<보기>의 단어를 사용해 영작 하시오(5형식 문장으로 만들 것)48)

<보기>

the arrangement / easy / you / memorize / the store’s layout

49. 윗글의 밑줄 친 ①~⑤문장 중 어법상 어색한 부분을 찾아 바르게 고치시오.(단, 어색한 부분이 없는 경우 ‘없음‘이라고 표시할 것)49)

① →

② →

③ →

④ →

⑤ →

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_28내용일치_변형]

Mae C. Jemison was named the first black woman astronaut in 1987. On September 12, 1992, she boarded the space shuttle Endeavor as a science mission specialist on the historic eight­day flight.

Jemison left the National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) in 1993. She was a professor of Environmental Studies at Dartmouth College from 1995 to 2002. Jemison was born in Decatur, Alabama, and moved to Chicago with her family when she was three years old. She graduated from Stanford University in 1977 with a degree in chemical engineering and Afro­American studies. Jemison received her medical degree from Cornell Medical School in 1981.

50. 윗글의 내용을 참고하여 아래 질문의 답을 영어 로 쓰시오. (완전한 문장으로 쓰시오)50)

Q : How many degrees does Jemison have and what kinds of degrees does she have?

A :

(20)

2018년 3월 모의고사 <고1>

Type C

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_29어법추론_변형]

The first underwater photographs were taken by an Englishman (A) [naming / named] William Thompson.

In 1856, he waterproofed a simple box camera, attached it to a pole, and lowered it beneath the waves off the coast of southern England. During the 10­minute exposure, the camera slowly flooded with seawater, but the picture (B) [survived / was survived].

Underwater photography was born. Near the surface, where the water is clear and there is enough light, it is quite possible for an amateur photographer to take great shots with an inexpensive underwater camera. At greater depths — it is dark and cold there — photography is the principal way of exploring a mysterious deep­sea world, 95 percent of (C) [them / which] has never been seen before.

* exposure 노출

51. 윗글의 주어진 (A)~(C)의 괄호 안에서 어법상 맞 는 것을 찾아 쓰시오.51)

(A) (B) (C)

52. 본문에 나온 어휘를 이용하여 윗글의 알맞은 제 목을 5단어 이내로 영작하시오.52)

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_30어휘추론_변형]

Honesty is a fundamental part of every strong relationship. Use it to your advantage by being open with what you feel and giving a truthful opinion when asked. This approach can help you escape uncomfortable social situations and make friends with honest people. Follow this simple policy in life — never lie. When you develop a reputation for always telling the truth, you will enjoy strong relationships based on trust. It will also be more difficult to manipulate you.

People who lie get into trouble when someone threatens to uncover their lie. By living true to yourself, you’ll avoid a lot of headaches. Your relationships will also be free from the poison of lies and secrets. 진실이 아무리 고통스러울지라도 친구들에 게 정직하게 대하는 것을 두려워하지 말라. In the long term, lies with good intentions hurt people much more than telling the truth.

* manipulate (사람을) 조종하다

53. 윗글의 밑줄 친 우리말과 같은 의미가 되도록 아래 <조건>을 참고하여 영작하시오. 53)

<조건>

- afraid / honest / matter / painful / truth 활용 - 총 16단어로 영작

(21)

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_31빈칸추론_변형]

Since a great deal of day­to­day academic work is boring and repetitive, you need to be well motivated to keep doing it. A mathematician sharpens her pencils, works on a proof, tries a few approaches, gets nowhere, and finishes for the day. A writer sits down at his desk, produces a few hundred words, decides they are no good, throws them in the bin, and hopes for better inspiration tomorrow. To produce something worthwhile — if it ever happens — may require years of such fruitless labor. The Nobel Prize­winning biologist Peter Medawar said that about four­fifths of his time in science was wasted, adding sadly that “nearly all scientific research leads nowhere.” What kept all of these people going when things were going badly was their passion for their subject. 그러한 열정이 없었더라 면, 그들은 아무것도 이루지 못했을 것이다.

* proof (수학) 증명

54. 윗글의 밑줄 친 우리말과 같도록 아래 <보기>의 단어를 이용하여 영작하시오. 54)

<보기>

passion / achieve / nothing

<조건>

- 필요시 단어의 형태를 변형 가능.

- without 가정법으로 작성.

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

[201803H1_32빈칸추론_변형]

Within a store, the wall marks the back of the store, but not the end of the marketing. Merchandisers often use the back wall as a magnet, because it means that people have to walk through the whole store. This is a good thing 측정 가능한 다른 어떤 소비자 변수보다 이 동 거리가 방문 고객 당 판매량과 더 직접적으로 관련되 어 있기 때문이다. Sometimes, the wall’s attraction is simply appealing to the senses, a wall decoration that catches the eye or a sound that catches the ear.

Sometimes the attraction is specific goods. In supermarkets, the dairy is often at the back, because people frequently come just for milk. At video rental shops, it’s the new releases.

* merchandiser 상품 판매업자 ** variable 변수

55. 윗글의 밑줄 친 우리말과 같도록 아래 <보기>의 단어를 알맞게 배열하시오.55)

<보기>

distance traveled / relates / consumer variable / to sales / because / directly / than / per entering customer / measurable / more / any / other

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