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The Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Programme

문서에서 Treasury Minutes Progress Report (페이지 195-199)

Introduction from the Committee

In August 2011, following riots in some parts of England, the then Prime Minister announced a commitment to turn around the lives of the 120,000 most troubled families in England by 2015. The Government estimated that the annual cost of these families to the public sector was £9 billion, £8 billion of which was spent reacting to their problems instead of solving them. To meet the Prime Minister’s commitment, the first phase of the Troubled Families programme was launched in April 2012. Initial central Government funding of the programme was £448 million between 2012 and 2015. The Department funded local authorities for achieving outcomes with troubled families through a payment by results framework. While it did not prescribe how local authorities should work with troubled families, many adopted the perceived good practices of earlier family intervention projects, such as using key workers to join up public services. In June 2013, the Department committed a further £920 million to extend the programme to 2020.

The Department had commissioned a consortium to evaluate phase one of the programme. The evaluation aimed to assess the impact of the programme, its cost-effectiveness and how it was implemented. In August 2016, the BBC‟s Newsnight programme reported that the Department had

‘’suppressed‟ this evaluation, and that part of it had found that the programme had had “no discernible impact”. The evaluation was published on 17 October 2016, two days before the Committee’s evidence session.

Background resources

• PAC Report: Programmes to help families facing multiple challenges – Session 2013-14 (HC 668)

• NAO report: The Troubled Families Programme: update - Session 2016-17 (HC 668)

• PAC report: Troubled Families Progress Review - Session 2016-17 (HC 711)

• Treasury Minutes: March 2017 (Cm 9429) Updated Government response to the Committee

There were 6 recommendations in this report. As of the last Treasury Minute (Cm 9429), 5 recommendations were implemented. 1 recommendation remains work in progress, as set out below.

3b: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

The quality and accessibility of information to enable residents and councillors to scrutinise local authorities’ decisions varies.

Recommendation:

The Department needs to track what on-going support is provided to determine what works.

3.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: December 2017.

3.2 The National Impact Study element of the current programme’s evaluation will track family progress for periods up to five years after interventions undertaken within the scope of the programme have ended. The Department is also considering if there are other ways to ensure local authorities have effective and ongoing support in place for families when they leave the programme.

Thirty Third Report of Session 2016 17

Department for Communities and Local Government Troubled families: progress review

Introduction from the Committee

Since it began in 2011, the civil war in Syria has caused mass movement of Syrians, both within the country and to neighbouring countries. Syrians now make up the largest refugee population in the world, with almost five million having fled to neighbouring countries to escape the conflict. In January 2014, the UK Government announced that it would establish a Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement programme (the programme) to allow selected refugees to resettle in the UK. The programme was relatively small in scale, resettling 239 refugees up to the end of September 2015.

In September 2015, the Government announced that it would expand the programme to resettle 20,000 of the most vulnerable Syrian refugees in the UK by May 2020. The programme became the joint responsibility of the Home Office (the Department), the Department for Communities and Local Government and the Department for International Development. It is open to Syrians registered as refugees with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Jordan, Iraq, Egypt, Lebanon, or with the government in Turkey, and who meet one or more of UNHCR’s criteria for vulnerable groups. The Department and its partners successfully met their initial target to resettle 1,000 Syrian refugees as part of the programme by Christmas 2015. By the end of June 2016, a total of 2,659 Syrian refugees had been resettled, making up 13% of the overall target.

Background resources

• NAO report: Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Programme – Session 2016-17 (HC 626)

• PAC report: Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Programme – Session 2016-17 (HC 768)

• Treasury Minutes: March 2017 (Cm 9429) Updated Government response to the Committee

There were 8 recommendations in this report. As of the last Treasury Minute (Cm 9429), 2 recommendations were implemented. 6 recommendations remained work in progress, of which 1 has now been implemented, as set out below.

1: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

The success of the programme is dependent on pledges of offers of support from local authorities turning into firm places.

Recommendation 1b:

More clearly specify what local authorities are expected to provide to refugees to address any current disparities or confusion.

1.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Recommendation implemented.

1.2 The statement of requirements for local authorities, for year one, specifies the minimum requirements for resettling people under the Vulnerable Persons Resettlement scheme so local authorities know exactly what is required of them. To give flexibility to local authorities, after year one, the funding is not ring-fenced and can be used by them to provide support for refugees in the way they think is best for their local area. This can include, for example, support for integration such as additional English language training as well as social care. Funding payments, per individual refugee, can be pooled and managed across all the refugees a Local Authority takes in.

1.3 Distribution of the updated funding instruction for 2017-2018 was delayed because of protocols around the pre-election period. The existing funding instructions were therefore first reissued until the end of July 2017 and a final 2017/18 funding instruction was issued on the 1 August 2017.

1.4 The Local Government Association, in collaboration with the Yorkshire and the Humber Strategic Migration Partnership, have produced a guide to support local authorities consider how to support families in years 2-5. The guidance is timetabled for publication on 19 September 2017.

Thirty Fourth Report of Session 2016-17 Home Office

The Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Programme

3: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

Community Sponsorship, where groups of individuals agree to provide initial support to refugees, was introduced in July 2016.

Recommendation:

The Department should write to the Committee within six months to provide an update on community sponsorships.

3.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: January 2018.

3.2 The community based sponsorship scheme was launched on 19 July 2016. The scheme put in place the previous Home Secretary’s commitment to develop a scheme to allow community groups to support refugees directly. Community sponsorship is a ground breaking development for resettlement in the UK and the Government’s intention has always been that this relatively new scheme would start on a small scale and be monitored closely to ensure it delivers positive outcomes for resettled families and local communities.

3.3 The Department has seen interest in the scheme from across the UK and is working with a number of groups as they develop their plans. Supporting a vulnerable resettled family is a significant responsibility and the Department carefully assesses every sponsoring organisation. The approval process ensures that each prospective sponsor has sufficient resources (housing, financial and personnel); has a credible plan for supporting a resettled family, backed by relevant experience; and does not present a risk to the resettled family.

3.4 The Department has written to the Committee providing an update on the Community Sponsorship scheme in the January 2018 Treasury Minute Progress Report.

4: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

The Department’s plans for evaluating the success of the programme are still too vague.

Recommendation 4a:

The Department should, by the end of this financial year, analyse the evidence it has collected in order to produce a baseline for the programme.

4.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: Spring 2018.

4.2 The Department has established a mechanism to secure monitoring data from local authorities which requires them to provide this at two points each calendar year, and so by this point the Department will have a data set of sufficient size to facilitate useful analysis. The Department also hopes to have access to data held by other Government Departments, agencies and the Devolved Administrations, with whom the Department continues to have discussions.

Recommendation 4b:

The Department should, by the end of this financial year, set out the outcomes against which it will judge the success of the programme.

4.3 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: Spring 2018.

4.4 The Department hopes to have concluded negotiations on data sharing with other Government Departments, agencies and the Devolved Administrations by Spring 2018. Subject to data availability, this data will supplement those from local authorities to help the Department refine more detailed refugee focused outcome indicators. These negotiations have not been affected by the unanticipated general election. The Department’s plans to secure an independent supplier to undertake qualitative research briefly paused in line with election purdah. This qualitative research will involve the development of meaningful outcomes, and generate data against them.

5: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

The Department has not yet worked out what is the right amount of English language teaching to provide.

Recommendation:

The Department should, within six months, review what is being delivered by the increased funding for teaching English to determine whether it is sufficient to allow refugees to communicate independently with service providers and integrate quickly into their local communities.

5.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: January 2018.

5.2 The Government is committed to providing resettlement to vulnerable refugees and to helping them integrate within their local communities. Improved English skills are vital to this, not only helping refugees communicate with people in their new communities, but also being the key to allowing them to find work, gain independence and give back to the communities who have welcomed them.

5.3 The additional English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) funding, announced in September 2016, is enough to provide at least 12 hours a week per adult for a 3-6 month period. The Department is working closely with local authorities to ensure that the funding is taken up in the most effective way, which will not necessarily mean that every individual receives exactly the same provision as some will need more teaching than others to reach a level of independence as described in the recommendation.

5.4 The Department has also provided additional funding for regional ESOL co-ordinators to support local authorities in mapping provisions and commissioning additional services where these are required as well as money to fund childcare provision to facilitate ESOL attendance. The Department is reviewing the recommended number of hours, ESOL levels and outcomes and revising the reporting requirements to measure the success of ESOL provision for both self-sufficiency and integration. Within six months the Department will review the impact of the increased funding and set out whether it is sufficient.

6: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

It is not clear that survivors of torture are receiving the specialist support and treatment they need.

Recommendation:

The Department should, within six months, along with local authorities and delivery partners, undertake a full review of how victims of torture are being identified and supported to understand what more can be done.

6.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: January 2018.

6.2 The identification of survivors of violence and torture take place in the Middle East North Africa (MENA) region through UNHCR assessments and IOM health screening. The Department works closely with UNHCR and IOM to intensify their outreach, coverage and capacity to identify, support and refer individuals that may have lingering physical or psychological effects from torture or violence.

6.3 The Department has been working closely with partners in the UK on the mental health and wellbeing of those resettled under the scheme. The Department has asked partners how operational practices can be improved and has identified some areas where changes could be made. In particular, providing better training for caseworkers on identifying mental health issues and providing/sourcing, support and sharing good practice across the UK.

6.4 The Department is also trialling the pre-departure use of the Global Mental Health Assessment Tool74 at the IOM clinic in Beirut for a small cohort of resettled people. The GMHAT is a computerised clinical interview tool developed to assess and identify a wide range of mental health problems in primary health care settings. It consists of a series of questions that leads to a comprehensive yet quick mental state assessment, and was developed to help staff in any primary care setting make a standardised mental health assessment. It is too early to draw any conclusions. However, the Department will

74 www.gmhat.org

3: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

Community Sponsorship, where groups of individuals agree to provide initial support to refugees, was introduced in July 2016.

Recommendation:

The Department should write to the Committee within six months to provide an update on community sponsorships.

3.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: January 2018.

3.2 The community based sponsorship scheme was launched on 19 July 2016. The scheme put in place the previous Home Secretary’s commitment to develop a scheme to allow community groups to support refugees directly. Community sponsorship is a ground breaking development for resettlement in the UK and the Government’s intention has always been that this relatively new scheme would start on a small scale and be monitored closely to ensure it delivers positive outcomes for resettled families and local communities.

3.3 The Department has seen interest in the scheme from across the UK and is working with a number of groups as they develop their plans. Supporting a vulnerable resettled family is a significant responsibility and the Department carefully assesses every sponsoring organisation. The approval process ensures that each prospective sponsor has sufficient resources (housing, financial and personnel); has a credible plan for supporting a resettled family, backed by relevant experience; and does not present a risk to the resettled family.

3.4 The Department has written to the Committee providing an update on the Community Sponsorship scheme in the January 2018 Treasury Minute Progress Report.

4: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

The Department’s plans for evaluating the success of the programme are still too vague.

Recommendation 4a:

The Department should, by the end of this financial year, analyse the evidence it has collected in order to produce a baseline for the programme.

4.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: Spring 2018.

4.2 The Department has established a mechanism to secure monitoring data from local authorities which requires them to provide this at two points each calendar year, and so by this point the Department will have a data set of sufficient size to facilitate useful analysis. The Department also hopes to have access to data held by other Government Departments, agencies and the Devolved Administrations, with whom the Department continues to have discussions.

Recommendation 4b:

The Department should, by the end of this financial year, set out the outcomes against which it will judge the success of the programme.

4.3 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: Spring 2018.

4.4 The Department hopes to have concluded negotiations on data sharing with other Government Departments, agencies and the Devolved Administrations by Spring 2018. Subject to data availability, this data will supplement those from local authorities to help the Department refine more detailed refugee focused outcome indicators. These negotiations have not been affected by the unanticipated general election. The Department’s plans to secure an independent supplier to undertake qualitative research briefly paused in line with election purdah. This qualitative research will involve the development of meaningful outcomes, and generate data against them.

5: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

The Department has not yet worked out what is the right amount of English language teaching to provide.

Recommendation:

The Department should, within six months, review what is being delivered by the increased funding for teaching English to determine whether it is sufficient to allow refugees to communicate independently with service providers and integrate quickly into their local communities.

5.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: January 2018.

5.2 The Government is committed to providing resettlement to vulnerable refugees and to helping them integrate within their local communities. Improved English skills are vital to this, not only helping refugees communicate with people in their new communities, but also being the key to allowing them to find work, gain independence and give back to the communities who have welcomed them.

5.3 The additional English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) funding, announced in September 2016, is enough to provide at least 12 hours a week per adult for a 3-6 month period. The Department is working closely with local authorities to ensure that the funding is taken up in the most effective way, which will not necessarily mean that every individual receives exactly the same provision as some will need more teaching than others to reach a level of independence as described in the recommendation.

5.4 The Department has also provided additional funding for regional ESOL co-ordinators to support local authorities in mapping provisions and commissioning additional services where these are required as well as money to fund childcare provision to facilitate ESOL attendance. The Department is reviewing the recommended number of hours, ESOL levels and outcomes and revising the reporting requirements to measure the success of ESOL provision for both self-sufficiency and integration. Within six months the Department will review the impact of the increased funding and set out whether it is sufficient.

6: Committee of Public Accounts conclusion:

It is not clear that survivors of torture are receiving the specialist support and treatment they need.

Recommendation:

The Department should, within six months, along with local authorities and delivery partners, undertake a full review of how victims of torture are being identified and supported to understand what more can be done.

6.1 The Government agreed with the Committee’s recommendation.

Target implementation date: January 2018.

6.2 The identification of survivors of violence and torture take place in the Middle East North Africa (MENA) region through UNHCR assessments and IOM health screening. The Department works closely with UNHCR and IOM to intensify their outreach, coverage and capacity to identify, support and refer individuals that may have lingering physical or psychological effects from torture or violence.

6.3 The Department has been working closely with partners in the UK on the mental health and wellbeing of those resettled under the scheme. The Department has asked partners how operational practices can be improved and has identified some areas where changes could be made. In particular, providing better training for caseworkers on identifying mental health issues and providing/sourcing, support and sharing good practice across the UK.

6.4 The Department is also trialling the pre-departure use of the Global Mental Health Assessment Tool74 at the IOM clinic in Beirut for a small cohort of resettled people. The GMHAT is a computerised clinical interview tool developed to assess and identify a wide range of mental health problems in primary health care settings. It consists of a series of questions that leads to a comprehensive yet quick mental state assessment, and was developed to help staff in any primary care setting make a standardised mental health assessment. It is too early to draw any conclusions. However, the Department will

74 www.gmhat.org

undertake a full review.

Introduction from the Committee

The 107 police, fire and ambulance services in Great Britain currently communicate using the Airwave radio system. The system is currently provided by Airwave Solutions Limited, a company acquired by

The 107 police, fire and ambulance services in Great Britain currently communicate using the Airwave radio system. The system is currently provided by Airwave Solutions Limited, a company acquired by

문서에서 Treasury Minutes Progress Report (페이지 195-199)